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Murderous Outrage
 

Murderous Outrage

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A Short History of Murders in County Waterford

A Short History of Murders in County Waterford

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    Murderous Outrage Murderous Outrage Presentation Transcript

    • MURDEROUS OUTRAGEMURDERS IN COUNTY WATERFORD Joanne Rothwell Waterford County Archivist
    • IRELAND – NEWFOUNDLAND CONNECTION 29TH June 1737 Old Bailey James Kelly, 36 Years of Age, born of mean Parents at Waterford in Ireland, who gave him little or no Education: When of Age, was not put to a Trade, but did Labouring and Country Work, and was employed in fishing upon the Coast; but the Business he followed most when at Home, was that of a Miller; he married a Wife, and livd in an honest tho low Way at Home, but thinking to mend his Fortune, he engagd to serve some Merchants of London in Newfoundland. He went there, and carried on their Fishery for some Time, and then he intended to have come Home to visit his Wife, Children, and Relations, if he had not been taken up for the Murther for which he died. Robert Levermore servd a Merchant, and had a little Habitation near the Harbour of Raunce in Newfoundland, as Kelly had at a Place calld Formuge not far from thence; Kelly and one William Fitzgerald being Countrymen, and of the same Business, and acquaintted together, and of a very villainous and cruel Disposition; as they were sailing along the Coast about their Affairs, agreed to make a Visit to that poor Man Robert Levermore, who had a little House near by, when they came to him they calld for a Bottle of Rum, and paid for it, and they made him drink the greatest Part of it, then seeing him fuddld, they thought upon executing their wicked Intent to murther him,
    • BY THE LAYING OF HANDS Kelly lookd after the Body till Fitzgerald riffled the House, at Night they carried him to the Stage-head and threw the Body into the Sea Next Day it was found, and according to the Custom of the Place, the People were called together to touch the Corps, imagining by that Means they might discover the Murtherer Kelly and William Fitzgerald the Murtherers, conscious of their Guilt, absented and fled into the Woods, where they travelled one hundred Leagues, Fitzgerald was killd in the Woods, and 5 or 6 Weeks after, Kelly being upon the Coast was taken up, and was almost starvd to Death (as he said) in a nasty Gaol, being glad to eat raw Fish full of Maggots; a Gentleman he said offered him his Freedom, upon Condition of engaging to be his Bond-Servant for Life; but Kelly rejected this Offer, and after enduring very great Misery and Distress, he was at last sent Home to England to be tried for his Life, where being convicted of the Murder as above, he sufferd accordingly. At first he denied his knowing any Thing of this Murder, but when the Dead Warrant came down, and there was no Hopes of Life, he ownd that he was present at the Murder, and drew one End of the Rope, with which they strangld Levermore. But he said, that Nicholas Fitzgerald and Robert Joyce, the two Witnesses against him, had a greater Hand in the Murther than he, and that they forcd him to assist in that execrable Fact, by threatning to dispatch him in the same Manner. Kelly, (though of the Romish Communion ) behavd well under his Misfortunes, and was attentive to Prayers and Exhortations, at which he constantly attended, expressing a deep Sorrow for the many Sins of his Life, especially the grievous Sin
    • “Bad Cess to that blackguard medicine” – THE CLOGHEEN POISONING CASE Mrs Johanna Burke – wife of Richard Burke Clerk of Waterford Union Workhouse. Died 14th April having taken medicine supplied by her husband from Waterford “ She had a little property, which she had to mind...It was not from any misunderstanding that they did not live together, and he was in the habit of coming to see her occasionally”. She was subject to fits of epilepsy – she took bark and wine for her constitution She sent Ellen Pyne – maid to the river for water to take the medicine. Shortly afterwards she became very ill and Ellen Pyne went next door to get Mrs. Annie Mooney sister of Johanna who thought she was having a fit. She sent Ellen for Dr. Walshe and the priest. “God forgive them that caused this” – dying declaration. The Doctor was out but the priest came only to find her already dead 3 weeks earlier she went into her sister to show her the medicine sent by her husband to her. She did not normally take medicine and
    • THE INQUEST Post mortem carried out by Dr. Walshe Inquest held by John J. Shee, esquire coroner. Inquest adjourned 3 times – waiting on report from Professor of Chemistry Dr. Blythe Queens College Cork on the analysis of her stomach Chain of evidence Strychnine poisoning – also salts and magnesia (magnesia and salts identified on the packet) Medicine – Harrington and Co., Waterford (later evidence only turpentine purchased- considered useful in epilepsy) Jury found that Johanna Burke died from the effects of strychnine in medicine which she had received from her husband
    • THE LETTERS My Dear Wife – I write to inform you that the little parcel containing the coffee has been forwarded by train this day. If you like it I shall send some more fresh roasted. I trust the medicine will agree with you. Mr. Harrington says that by continuing to take it you will get rid of that odious complaint under which you are labouring so long – but a lozenge on your tongue, and you will not feel the taste My Dear Wife- Mr. Harrington is anxious to know if you are taking the medicine. Be sure and let me know everything in your next letter. Above all if an attack of epilepsy seizes you be sure to take the medicine. Saturday 12th April – My Dear Wife...I hope you are better now than when I saw you. Indeed your breathing
    • SUPPORT We do not like referring to this case, but we confess the fact that the people of Waterford, or a class of them should have been called on for subscriptions to defend this case, has thrown a slur upon our citizens which is very deeply felt by many. A correspondent in Clonmel writes to us to know why the people of Waterford sympathise with this offence, and have subscribed to defend the prisoner and we can assign no reason. The prisoner has been for many years in the receipt of a large income, and therefore ought not to require such assistance. Complaints have been made when the populace of rural districts have collected a fund to defend those charged with agrarian crime, and the fat that funds have been collected to defend a murderer have been used by those in England to show the complicity of the population with the crime of the offender and we shall not be surprised to find the Times and other English papers quoting the subscription raised in Waterford for the defence of one who has been committed on the verdict of a coroner’s jury and had a true bill found against
    • THE TRIAL – 25 JULY 1862 Margaret Bohan – Waterford Workhouse inmate witnessed Rafter (male nurse in the Infirmary) and Richard Burke with a piece of paper with a spoonful of something white on it and a little glass bottle “...the bad acts of a woman should be taken as the indicia of virtue. She had two illegitimate children. Where evidence is taken from such a source the evidence should be as clear as crystal. ...tainted witness...I ask you, therefore, to expunge that link from the chain of evidence” Mr. Burke and Miss Ryan – accusation and acquittal. Johanna wrote to Mr. Murphy of the Waterford Arms where her husband was boarding with regard to this charge Dinner and £5 – Mrs. Murphy “separate maintenance” Salts and magnesia purchased from Mr. Condell, on the Mall . Messenger boy Brown delivered them and saw Burke without opening the packets (in blue paper) add the packet of coffee
    • Johanna’s LETTERS 28th March 1863 My Dearest Richard...I am afraid you will forget both the coffee and the medicine; indeed I am very much in want of it, as I think it would make me very strong... 2nd April 1862 As you predicted, the parcel and the letter came by the same post, for which I am very thankful. I did not take the salts until last night, as I was at Mr. Steele’s wake on part of Sunday, and at the funeral on Monday 9th April 1862 My Dearest Richard-...I forgot to say in my last letter that I liked the coffee very much; it is the most delicious I ever drank; I drink to your health in a fine cup every night. What you sent me will last me till Easter, and then you will bring me a fresh supply; for you know you promised to ask for a week, and think
    • THE SUMMING UP “That she was not very pleasing in his eyes was not unreasonable to infer, having regard to the fact that during the earlier years of her residence in Clogheen his visits were numerous, but that latterly they fell off and did not average tow in the 12 months” “Let them not be led by a man’s words, honied and smooth, when that partly served their purpose, when they had conduct to judge by” She having to make her own way on the farm – begging loans from him (2s 3d a day) Dr. Fitzpatrick- information on strychnine. Medicine wrapped in paper with Burkes own handwriting Defence – Mrs. Bohan lying and unreliable, Johanna’s letters and the time together in the Waterford Arms, the
    • THE VERDICT Jury retired at 4.45pm to consider their verdict and returned at 6.10pm with the verdict GUILTY – recommendation for mercy The judge assumed the black cap “you, Richard Burke be taken from the place where you stand to the gaol in which you have been confined, and that on Monday 25th August, you be taken to the public place of execution, and be there hanged by the neck until you are dead, and your body to be afterwards buried within the precincts of the prison”
    • SHOCKING MURDER AT ARDMORE 12TH July 1862 Catherine Foley (aged 60)– beaten to death by her daughter, Hanorah (Norry) (27) Legs of a stool and a knife were the murder weapons Quarrel about eggs Sub-constable Patrick Kennedy found the deceased and secured the suspect who was still beating her deceased mother Richard Fitzgerald “Norry, you have your mother killed” – Norry Foley “I have, that’s the beginning of the pattern for you and for fear she is not dead...” attempted to beat her further Dr. W.C. Poole – visited the prisoner “I did not see any sign of madness” , “labouring under a depression of spirits” Her sisters Margaret Foley and Mary Keogh gave evidence as to the increasing insanity of Hanorah Foley. Very similar testimony Verdict- Catherine Foley murdered by her daughter Hanorah
    • Shocking Murder- Knockyoolahan, Cappoquin July 1881 “The murder is not agrarian” 3 miles from Cappoquin towards Dungarvan- in a small, miserable hut by the roadside Thomas Buckley – lately returned from America Mary Grady was living with Catherine Noonan for previous 3 months. Thomas Buckley arrived at the house and asked James Noonan (Catherine’s husband) for a smoke. James then left to collect manure leaving his wife, Mary Grady and 2 year old child with Thomas Buckley Shortly after he left Thomas Buckley ran at Mary Grady and struck her and he then drew her down and put his keen on her chest and twisted the handkerchief she had around her neck. Catherine tried to stop him and when she couldn’t she picked up her child and ran out to get her husband When they came back Buckley was kneeling on her chest
    • Severed Head Unable to stop Buckley the Noonans went to get Buckley’s friends and when they came back they found Mary Grady’s body in the yard with her head cut off The police found Buckley at his father John’s house where he confessed to the murder and where his blood covered clothes and the knife were found. He said “I have killed the devil; he was long enough in the world” His brother Michael said that his brother had been of unsound mind for some time and “used frequently go about the place reading books without his hat”
    • BODY EATEN BY RATS Bridget Whelan 25 years 2 years previously (1886) she gave birth to an illegitimate male child that was “sent to nurse to hide her shame” She made regular payments for his maintenance until she married in 1888 - keeping her child a secret The nurse went to her looking for more money and was asked to keep the child for a month and Bridget had pigs to sell and she would then be able to pay her arrears and maintain her payments 3 days later Bridget called to the nurse to pay the arrears and collected the child saying she had told her husband about him Some weeks later Michael Murphy was out rabbit hunting near Cappa when he found the body of a child partly unearthed and eaten by rats Medical testimony was that the child died from having the skull smashed possibly with a heavy stone
    • KILLEA MURDER 18th March 1890 Inquest at house of Edmond Morrissey, publican, Killea Jury went off to view the body 13th March Richard Maher found by Mary Collins at 6.30 on her way to work. Called in to Mrs. Hennessy . “the brains of the unfortunate man were scattered about the road” Richard Maher held 8 acres less than ¼ of a mile from where he died Land let to Mr. Donovan and Maher was unmarried and a labourer on the farm of Mr. Connell Mrs. Hennessy, farm of 60 acres, 20 dairy cows. Husband in the District Lunatic Asylum
    • NIGHT OF THE MURDER Maher worked for Connell until 6pm and then called to Mrs. Hennessy shortly before 7pm to borrow a potato sack for seed potatoes he had purchased He was sober leaving the house and left with the sack under his arm and his hand in his pocket He was found badly beaten with his deep gashes in his head and the back of the skull completely smashed – repeated blows Mark of fingers around his throat, broken nose, cut over left eye, extensive wound on top of the head and fractures to temple and back of the head He had a few pence in his pocket, tobacco, a knife and other articles – not murdered by a tramp
    • THE SUSPECTS Thomas Hennessy jnr.– eldest son (22) “not dull enough not to notice” Whittle – friend of Hennessy. His father had a dispute over an acre with a man named Flynn and the matter was brought before the Killea branch of the INL. Maher spoke strongly for Flynn against Whittle in the arbitration and Flynn won the claim on the acre Following enquiries the police arrested Hennessy and Whittle 29th March – Denis Whittle, Thomas Hennessy, senior and junior, Patrick and Michael Hennessy arrested Thomas Hennessy, senior, Denis Whittle and Patrick Hennessy were discharged
    • FORENSIC EVIDENCE Thomas Hennessy’s coat found with bloodstains that had been rubbed with clay Sent to Dr. Edwin Lapper, Dublin (Professor of Chemistry) for analysis – certified that the sleeve and lower parts of the coat contained bloodstains. More time required to produce further evidence 22 May 1890 – no further evidence could be produced Thomas Hennessy was discharged provided he could be produced again if required Thomas Hennessy said he could as he lived with his mother in Killea No persons in custody for the crime
    • CLONMOYLE CASE 11 November 1899- report of the sad and sudden death of Mrs. Nano Power 18th November 1899- Alleged Wife Murder Near Clonea- Her Husband Arrested John Power, large farmer. Poor Law Guardian, Rural District Councillor Mrs. Power and servant girl Mary Shanahan went to mass in Rathgormack. John Power also went to mass but separately and he then went to meeting of the Clonea branch of the United Irish League He then proceed home – “somewhat under the influence of drink”
    • INQUEST Shanahan- didn’t return back from Rathgormack with her mistress and when she did return to Clonmoyle Mrs. Power was staggering about drunk Mr. Power came home to find Mrs. Power drunk. She gave him supper and he went to bed Maurice Power called in on business and found Mrs. Power in the kitchen under the influence of drink and Mr. Power in bed – he assisted her to her room Fitzgerald a servant of Mr. Power’s called into the house and heard some noise from upstairs and found Mrs. Power dying. Woke Mr. Power and sent for the priest. She died ½ hour later No mention of any injuries by the witnesses. She died 9pm Sunday night. Funeral arranged for Tuesday and the hearse to convey the coffin to the funeral had arrived when the police decided an inquest should be held Dr. Dwan, medical dispensary doctor – preliminary exam. Was not prepared to give cause of death. Dr. Walker’s services requisitioned and a post-mortem held 2 deep puncture wounds over the right and left temple, contusions to the forehead and 5 ribs broken on right side, 4 on the left, left arm broken at
    • THE MAGISTERIAL INVESTIGATION Carrickbeg Courthouse – no public as too small. Large crowds waited outside Thomas Fitzgerald – John Power arrived home Sunday evening around 5.30/6pm. Mrs. Power told him that Philip Quinlan was waiting to speak with him. He later heard Quinlan leaving and John Power then went back inside the house. He was woken by Maurice Power, labourer and sent upstairs to see Mrs. Power who was dead in the bedroom. Saw her injuries. He was sent to get Mary Shanahan. Mrs Power had come to him earlier, frightened and looking for him to come back to the house. He refused and sent her back. Mary Shanahan- After Quinlan left Mrs. Power called Mr. Power in to his supper. He said he would not have any supper – in a cross tone. Mrs. Power went to run out of the kitchen door. He dragged her back saying “Who is bringing the drink to the house” . He kicked Mrs. Power and then kicked Mary when she went to her aid. He fell in doing this and then got up and struck Mrs. Power with his fist. Something had fallen and when Mary Shanahan bent to pick it up he knocked her down with his fist. Mrs. Power was sitting at the bottom of the stairs. He took up the sweeping scrub and hit Mary with it on the hands. Mrs. Power went up the stairs and sent Mary after her. He came up the stairs. Mary ran down the stairs and out the kitchen door to her family’s home. When she came back with Fitzgerald she
    • CHILDREN’S STATEMENTS Mary Power (8)- she was sleeping with her grandmother in the loft on the night. Minnie Shanahan and her mother came upstairs and when her father came in Minnie went away. “I was frightened and grandmother was frightened, and she got up and went to hide; father and mother were at the top of the stairs” She saw a scrub in her father’s hand. Refused to answer when asked what he did with it William Power (12) – Was in the kitchen with his mother. When his father came in “I went out because I was afraid of my father” His brother Larry (10) came with him. The went into the fields and then came back and stayed in the yard. Saw Michael Power entering the house. “I saw him crossing the staircase window; there was someone with him...They were going slowly as if they were carrying something” Michael Power left the house, got Fitzgerald from the barn. Saw Father Egan come and go away. Then went into the house and saw his mother dead in the loft. Was told by their father not to tell anyone.
    • MEDICAL TESTIMONY Dr. David C. Walker, dispensary medical officer. Carried out post mortem with Dr. Dwan Found the body thin and poorly nourished Wound an inch and ½ long on the left side of the head and another wound on the other side of the head. Wound on the right eyebrow, bruises of forehead, left arm, left side, left thigh, both shins, right buttock, left shoulder, compound fracture of left forearm, dislocation of the other bone at the elbow joint, ribs broken on both sides. Left lung pierced at its base. Blood in the chest cavity. Heart, lungs and stomach health. Liver ruptured under the surface from some recent violence, spleen was torn No evidence she was addicted to habits of intemperance I don’t believe it is possible that the 10 ribs I found broken could have been caused by one fall down the stairs Rupture of the liver caused by a kick of a boot. I consider all the injuries I found were the result of some direct violence
    • THE FURTHER WITNESSES Michael Power- Called at the house around 9pm. Had a lot of drink taken “I partially knew what I was doing” Saw Mrs. Power on the settle bed and she asked for help up the stairs. He called for the Mr. Power and then got Mr. Fitzgerald. Then went and got Fr. Egan “I saw a mark on her temple but not on her face, when I was helping her upstairs she made no complaint that I was hurting her” Philip Quinlan- was waiting in the kitchen. Mrs. Power was sober. Was there to ask Mr. Power for a representation form to get a cottage. Mr. Power was not sober. Signed papers and treated him to a large bottle of stout and had 1 himself. Acting Sgt. Diloughrey – Clonea Police Station. No report of sudden death for Nano Power. He heard it from one of his men who had heard it from people talking. He called to the house of John Power – wake was underway. Black handkerchief around her head – wounds not exposed but when he moved the handkerchief he saw the wounds. Found 3 large bloodstains of the floorboards of the bedroom upstairs where the body was being waked. Stains between the stairs and the bed but the larger one was near the head of the staircase. Also noted bloodstains on the steps of the staircase and on the
    • THE PRISONER Sgt. Diloughrey came back that evening and asked him what had happened. He said he came home and had his supper, noticed his wife had drink taken and that she was addicted to drink and he was always checking her for it. He went to bed and later Michael Power came and told him his wife was dying. He sent for the priest. He said “My wife must have fallen downstairs” District Inspector McDonald, Portlaw – came the day of the funeral. I was struck by his demeanor; he did not appear in the least troubled at the loss of his wife, and appeared most anxious that the funeral should take place at once. Troubled by the expense in the delay to hold an inquest. Inquest was delayed for the post-mortem. He then went
    • MERCY Sentence of death commuted to penal servitude for life Strong recommendation for mercy “...all who read the sad details, as revealed in evidence, will learn with no degree of surprise that the clemency of mercy has been exercised considering the strong recommendation of the jury who convicted him of the crime for which he was indicted”
    • THE TRIAL Mrs. Power suffered from a uterine infection and was in ill- health since the birth of Mary Model of the house at the trial John Power threatened Minnie Shanahan with the name of being an informer if she said anything Defence – protecting the good name of his wife. Tipsy, nervous or excited Mrs. Power had fallen 2 or 3 times before Michael Power called. Perhaps Michael Power accidentally injured her further carrying her up the stairs Possibly manslaughter We understand that a memorial is being prepared by the jury who tried the case, asking the Lord Lieutenant to grant a reprieve, especially on the grounds that had they known they were empowered to bring a verdict of manslaughter they would have done so, but that it was unknown to them that
    • WATERFORD CHILD POISONING CASE December 1899- John Dunphy (11) died on Tuesday 19th in the County and City Infirmary. Inquest held in David Canty’s pub, Johnstown, on Friday 6 Dunphy children – well cared for Mr. Patrick Dunphy took his son John out on Tuesday at 12.30– unusual John was on Parnell St. at 2 o’clock – twitching and spasming. Frothing at the mouth with teeth clenched. He was alone and then the father came up. Taken by cart first to Drs. and then to the Infirmary Dr. Kelleher – could not determine the cause of death. Requested a post-mortem The viscera of the body were sealed in jars and sent on 24th
    • EXTRAORDINARY STATEMENT OF ACCUSED No sir, I have not statement to make, but I know the two of them were subject to fits. I was making up the stuff that morning to put to my leg. It was a plaster for my leg and there was brown sugar and calomel in it. I mixed it up and left it on the table while I had occasion to go out into the yard. I left the boy at the fire; there was no-one there but himself, when I came in he was gone. I missed some of the plaster gone off the table too. I gathered it up fearing that any of the other children might come in and take any of it. I throw the remainder into the sewer; I went down Philip St. to follow him..I met him coming down Barronstrand Street...I did not accuse him of anything...We wend down the Quay as far as the Mall. “I am dry” says he... “Have a bottle of lemonade says I” and we went into Mrs. Cooney’s and I had a half of whiskey.
    • THE TRIAL Patrick Dunphy (70) – charged with poisoning his two sons. Eddie in September and John in December. Crown proceeding with the case for John only. Motive- insurance claim with the Prudential Company. Catherine, Eddie and John were insured at 1d a week. Eddie for £9 John £10 26th September Patrick went to Poole’s shop and got 4 grains of strychnine from Mr. Parker (recorded in his Poisons book) – said it was for rats in the house. 3rd November – he attempted to get strychnine at Pooles again saying it was for dogs keeping him awake at night. He was refused strychnine so on 12th December he went to White’s in O’Connell St. – he got 5 grains. Patrick and his son Patrick jnr. Lost their jobs with the Corporation (sewage works) shortly before John’s death. Credit at O’Briens the grocers was stopped After the death he contacted Mr. English the agent of Prudential and got money to pay the funeral expenses and got advance money to
    • THE EXECUTION Morning of the execution – a large crowd of approx. 600 gathered outside the walls of Ballybricken Gaol. No sympathy for the prisoner Prisoner went to mass at 7am and refused breakfast 7.45 the bell tolled Large police force out among the crowd but the crowd were quiet and dispersed after the execution The place of execution almost adjoining the main entrance to the body of the gaol on a level with the chapel and the prisoner walks from the priest on to the trapdoor of the scaffold Scaffold specially erected for the execution of John Power White cap drawn down over his eyes and his arms are pinioned so that he barely walks a few steps to the trapdoor. The bolt is drawn immediately. Drop of 6 feet Contrary to expectation he gave no trouble to the
    • THE DEATH About one minute past 8 the black flag was run up on the flagstaff, which had been previously taken from one of the towers in the background and hoisted over the front entrance gate, thus announcing to the public outside that the last dread penalty of the law had been paid. Notice was placed on the prison gates We hereby declare the Judgement of Death was this day executed on Patrick Dunphy in Her Majesy’s Prison, Waterford in the County of the City of Waterford. Dated this 10th day of April 1900. Sigend MP Devereux, Sub-Sheriff, John Watkins, Governor, PF Flynn, PP, Roman Catholic Chaplain” A further notice was posted I FW Staunton, the Surgeon of Her Majesty’s Prison at Waterford in the County of the City of Waterford, hereby certify that I this day examined the body of Patrick Dunphy on whom Judgement of Death was this day executed in said Prison, and that on that examination I found that the said Patrick Dunphy was dead. Dated this 10th day of April 1900.
    • THE EXECUTIONER Thomas Henry Scott of Halifax, UK – arrived the Saturday before and left at 11am after the execution He is a short stout man with brown moustache presenting a full round face and bearing all the appearance of a respectable commercial traveller Executioner 1889-1901. 1892-1896 he was on the Home Office list of Executioners but was removed due to a scandal in December 1895 Following this worked only in Ireland until in 1901 it was decided by the Irish authorities only to use executioners from the Home Office list
    • Drink and Manslaughter Daniel Kavanagh killed at Bonmahon on Tuesday 1 November 1881. Stabbed All Saints Day – a holiday Daniel Kavanagh, Tom and Ned Hallahan and James Flynn went to Bonmahon to the public house of Tom Power. Stephen McGrath and other friends were there They then all proceed to McKeons public house Something appears to have occurred in both public houses between Kavanagh and McGrath but no-one knows what this was When Kavanagh and friends McKeons, McGrath and his friend James Hally followed. Kavanagh was stabbed in 3 places – the killing blow to the left of his chest causing instantaneous death. McGrath then ran away
    • THE FIGHT James Hally (son of the Relieving Officer) and Daniel Kavanagh had some words about a dance Kavanagh – had drunk about half a gallon of beer and two bottles of porter Kavanagh- jacket half-off fighting with McGrath on the street. Kavanagh not satisfied to go away when held back by Pat Phelan A great crowd around them – odd no one saw what happened to Kavanagh McGrath was arrested in Queenstown (Cobh) Thursday 3rd November
    • CONCLUSION Newspapers available on microfilm Available online www.waterfordcountylibrary.ie For more interesting and random facts about Waterford join Waterford County Archives on Facebook Check out www.waterfordcoco.ie Archives pages for more information about archives collections in the County BE SAFE