Understanding universal & hazardous waste

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  • May include links to Table 2 and 3 from 9.1.20
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  • Understanding universal & hazardous waste

    1. 1. Understanding Universal & Hazardous Waste
    2. 2. Objectives – Hazardous Waste Management <ul><li>Definition of Solid Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of Hazardous Waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generator Status and Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Manifests </li></ul><ul><li>Special Solid Waste Procedures </li></ul>
    3. 3. Solid Waste Definition <ul><li>Not based on physical form of the material (i.e., solid, liquid, or contained gas) </li></ul><ul><li>Defined as any material that is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discarded by being abandoned (disposed of, burned, or incinerated) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inherently waste-like (e.g., dioxin wastes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military munitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycled (reuse or reclamation) </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Hazardous Waste <ul><li>Waste with properties that make it dangerous or capable of having a harmful effect on human health or the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Generated from many types of sources </li></ul><ul><li>EPA developed identification system using four questions to determine if waste is hazardous </li></ul>
    5. 5. Hazardous Waste <ul><li>Hazardous waste is a subset of solid waste, defined at 40 CFR 261.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment, Storage and Disposal of hazardous waste is covered by Subtitle C of RCRA </li></ul><ul><li>A material must first meet the definition of a solid waste in order to be considered a hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>Categories of hazardous waste include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristic Waste (D-listed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listed Waste (F,U,P, or K-listed) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Hazardous Waste Determination <ul><li>Waste determinations may be made using either knowledge of the process or testing of a representative sample of the waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-evaluated upon process change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some facilities require annual re-testing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Samples must be collected on an “as generated” basis (prior to treatment mixture with other waste streams, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics tested for are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignitibility, Corrosivity, Reactivity, Toxicity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Listed wastes – No testing needed </li></ul>
    7. 7. HW Identification Process <ul><li>Is material a solid waste (SW)? </li></ul><ul><li>Is material excluded from SW or HW definition? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the waste a listed or characteristic hazardous waste? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the waste delisted? </li></ul>
    8. 8. HW Identification Process – Step 1 <ul><li>Is material a solid waste (SW)? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the material meet the definition of a solid waste? </li></ul><ul><li>If yes, move to question 2 </li></ul><ul><li>If no, it is not a hazardous waste </li></ul>
    9. 9. HW Identification Process Step 2 <ul><li>Is material excluded from SW or HW definition? </li></ul><ul><li>If waste is not exempt or excluded, evaluate if it meets the HW definition </li></ul>
    10. 10. Hazardous Waste Definition <ul><li>Solid Waste which: </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibits characteristic of a hazardous waste OR </li></ul><ul><li>Is Listed as hazardous waste </li></ul>
    11. 11. Hazardous Waste Exemptions <ul><li>A number of exemptions exist for waste that would otherwise be considered hazardous </li></ul><ul><li>Exemption and exclusions are defined in 40 CFR 261.3 and 261.4 and include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic sewage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial wastewater discharges covered by an NPDES permit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Several low toxicity, high volume wastes such as fly ash, cement kiln dust and certain drilling and mining wastes </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. HW Identification Process Step 3 <ul><li>Is the waste a listed or characteristic hazardous waste? </li></ul>
    13. 13. Listed Wastes <ul><li>40 CFR 261 Subpart D </li></ul><ul><li>Four categories of listed wastes – F, U, P and K lists </li></ul><ul><li>EPA also includes a hazard code explaining why the waste was defined as hazardous at 261 Appendix VII </li></ul>
    14. 14. F, U, P, and K-Listed Waste <ul><li>F-listed = non-source specific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>F001–F005 is for certain spent solvents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>K-Listed = waste from specific sources </li></ul><ul><li>U-listed wastes are discarded commercial chemical products that are toxic or display other hazardous characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>P-listed wastes are discarded commercial chemical products that are acutely toxic </li></ul><ul><li>U and P-listed wastes are relatively rare, except for labs and other applications where commercially pure grade chemicals are used </li></ul>
    15. 15. Waste (40 CFR 261.21 thru 24) <ul><li>Ignitibility – waste code D001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flash point < 140 degrees F (60 C) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corrosivity - waste code D002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pH < 2 or >12.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reactivity - D003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unstable, reacts violently with water, generates toxic fumes, readily capable of detonation at Standard Temperature and Pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Toxicity – waste codes D004 through D043 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceed the TCLP threshold for a toxic constituent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TCLP = Toxicity Characteristics Leaching Procedure, a test method that is intended to represent how a waste would act if placed in a landfill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solid Waste meeting any of these limits is a Characteristic Waste </li></ul>
    16. 16. HW Identification Process – Step 4 <ul><li>4. Is the waste delisted? </li></ul><ul><li>Listed wastes may changes as wastes are added or delisted </li></ul><ul><li>Waste handler may petition EPA for a site-specific delisting of a listed waste. </li></ul><ul><li>Delisting requirements are found at 40 CFR 260.22 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Recycled Materials <ul><li>Special subset of solid waste </li></ul><ul><li>When recycled, some materials are not hazardous wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Subject to less stringent regulatory controls </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling methodology determines whether waste is a regulated solid waste </li></ul>
    18. 18. Special Waste <ul><li>A subcategory of solid waste that is not “hazardous waste” but requires specific handling. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drums of industrial waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asbestos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between landfill and generator to determine how to handle it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be tracked by location in the landfill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Waste that presents a threat to human health or the environment or a waste with inherent properties which make the disposal of the waste in a sanitary landfill difficult to manage </li></ul><ul><li>Special waste authorizations may be required </li></ul>
    19. 19. Hazardous Waste Mixtures <ul><li>Never mix hazardous waste with nonhazardous waste without knowing the regulatory implications </li></ul><ul><li>A mixture of hazardous waste with non hazardous waste may be a hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>EPA developed the Mixture Rule to prevent facilities from mixing their hazardous wastes with nonhazardous solid wastes to avoid regulations </li></ul><ul><li>A mixture of any amount of a listed hazardous waste with a non-hazardous waste is a hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>Mixture rule applies to listed hazardous wastes, but not characteristic hazardous wastes. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Hazardous Waste Mixtures <ul><li>Mixing a hazardous waste with a nonhazardous waste to achieve a nonhazardous waste is prohibited </li></ul><ul><li>However, a mixture of nonhazardous or exempt waste with characteristic hazardous waste is only defined as a hazardous waste if it exhibits one of more of the four hazardous characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignitability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corrosiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reactivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Containerized Materials <ul><li>If a material in a container meets the definition of a hazardous waste when discarded, it must be treated as a hazardous waste even if it is still in its original container and has not been contaminated with anything </li></ul>
    22. 22. Empty Containers <ul><li>Container may be considered a hazardous waste unless it is properly empty </li></ul><ul><li>Section 261.7 sets regulatory guidance for when a container is empty for the purposes of the Act </li></ul>
    23. 23. Waste Characterization Summary <ul><li>EPA developed a four question test to use when characterizing waste </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous waste may be a listed waste or a characteristic waste </li></ul><ul><li>Universal wastes are exempt from hazardous waste procedures as long as specific procedures are followed </li></ul><ul><li>Never mix hazardous waste with nonhazardous waste without knowing the regulatory impact </li></ul>
    24. 24. Hazardous Waste Generator <ul><li>Generator status is based on quantity of waste generated on site in a calendar month </li></ul><ul><li>Generator status may change due to an unusual event or disposal requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Change in Generator status may trigger additional training, inspection and record keeping requirements </li></ul>
    25. 25. Hazardous Waste Generator <ul><li>Three tiers of generators : </li></ul><ul><li>Fully Regulated -Large Quantity (LQG) </li></ul><ul><li>Small Quantity (SQG) </li></ul><ul><li>Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity (CESQG) </li></ul><ul><li>States generally follow RCRA classification scheme, but may set different standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Generator Status generates NO hazardous wastes at any time </li></ul>
    26. 26. Hazardous Waste Generator (federal definition – states may vary) <ul><li>Large Quantity (LQG) – Greater than 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste/month and/or greater than 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste/month. LQG can accumulate more than 13,200 pounds of HW on site at any time. </li></ul><ul><li>Small Quantity (SQG) – Between 220 and 2,200 pound of hazardous waste/month and up to 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste/month. SQG can accumulate between 2,200 and 13,200 pounds of HW on site at any time. </li></ul><ul><li>Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity (CESQG) – Less than 220 pounds of hazardous waste/month and up to 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste/month. CESQG can accumulate less than 2,200 pounds of HW on site at any time </li></ul><ul><li>Note: No averaging allowed on these quantities! </li></ul>
    27. 27. Hazardous Waste Tracking <ul><li>List each hazardous waste generated at the facility on the Hazardous Waste Tracking Form </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever hazardous waste is generated, record the amount on the Form for that month </li></ul><ul><li>On the last day of the month, total the amount of hazardous waste generated on site that month </li></ul><ul><li>Determine generator status for the facility that month. </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm that facility is meeting the compliance requirements for that level of generator </li></ul>
    28. 28. Hazardous Waste Notification <ul><li>EPA requires SQG and LQG to submit notification to the agency. A site specific identification number will be issued. </li></ul><ul><li>CESQG do not need to notify the agency, but transporters or disposal companies may require them to complete the notification </li></ul><ul><li>Use EPA Form 8700-12 Notification of Hazardous Waste Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Update 8700-12 Form with changes in hazardous waste streams </li></ul>
    29. 29. Hazardous Waste General Requirements <ul><li>Generators must determine whether wastes are hazardous or non-hazardous </li></ul><ul><li>SQG and LQG must have an EPA identification number </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous waste accumulation start date must be tracked from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When the waste is first generated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When the quantity being accumulated in a container in a satellite area exceeds 55 gallons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hazardous waste accumulation time allowed is based on generator status </li></ul>
    30. 30. Hazardous Waste General Requirements <ul><li>Properly label with the words “Hazardous Waste” on each container or tank used to collect hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>Mark accumulation start date on each drum or container used to store HW. If satellite container, make date when it becomes full and move to storage area within 3 days </li></ul><ul><li>Only one container of up to 55 gallons of each separate waste stream allowed for each satellite accumulation area </li></ul><ul><li>Comply with container and/or tank storage requirements including inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Properly design facilities and communicate with local authorities as required by Preparedness and Prevention Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Designate Emergency coordinator(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Comply with Waste Minimization requirements </li></ul>
    31. 31. Large Quantity Generator <ul><li>LQG generates greater than 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste/month and/or greater than 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste/month </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulation time is limited to 90 days </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a Contingency Plan and emergency procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Document training of personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Submit Biennial Reports on even-number years </li></ul><ul><li>Comply with Air Emission Standards from 40 CFR part 265 Subpart CC </li></ul>
    32. 32. Small Quantity Generator <ul><li>SQG generates between 220 and 2,200 pound of hazardous waste/month and up to 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste/month </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulation time is limited to 180 days, but may be extended to 270 days if wastes are to be shipped more than 200 miles for disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulate less than 13,200 pounds of hazardous waste on site </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare emergency procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Train hazardous waste personnel on waste management and emergency/spill response procedures, but not required to be documented </li></ul><ul><li>Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity (CESQG) – Less than 220 pounds of hazardous waste/month and up to 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste/month </li></ul>
    33. 33. Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator <ul><li>CESQGs generate less than 220 pounds of hazardous waste/month and up to 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste/month </li></ul><ul><li>Never exceed a total on site accumulation of 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulated hazardous wastes are delivered to an approved facility using a manifest </li></ul><ul><li>Follow proper labeling and inspection procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel training addresses hazardous waste handling procedures and emergency response procedures </li></ul>
    34. 34. Episodic Generation <ul><li>Generator status is determined on a calendar month basis </li></ul><ul><li>Generator status may change from one month to the next </li></ul><ul><li>Referred to as episodic generation </li></ul><ul><li>Required to comply with respective regulatory requirements for that particular month </li></ul>
    35. 35. State Specific Requirements <ul><li>States have the authority to administer the RCRA program and may have differing or more stringent requirements, such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in generator categories and category requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of state manifests not allowed after September 2006 uniform manifest rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More frequent and/or additional reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion of additional materials, such as used oil, as hazardous waste </li></ul></ul>
    36. 36. HW Generator Status Summary > 13,200 ≥ 2,200 Large Quantity Generator 2,200 – 13,200 < 2,200 Small Quantity Generator < 2,200 ≤ 220 Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator Accumulation Limit (lbs at any time) Generation Rate (lbs/month) Generator Category
    37. 37. HW Storage Limits <ul><li>Storage limit for Large Quantity Generators is 90 days </li></ul><ul><li>Storage limit for Small Quantity Generators is 180 days </li></ul><ul><li>May be extended to 270 days for SQG if wastes are to be shipped more than 200 miles for disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Storage allowed in containers or tanks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanks must meet RCRA requirements and are generally discouraged (especially USTs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanks are defined as a stationary device designed to contain an accumulation of hazardous waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Container means any portable device in which a material is stored, transported, treated, disposed of, or otherwise handled (totes) </li></ul></ul>
    38. 38. HW Satellite Accumulation Containers <ul><li>Satellite accumulation container </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any container ≤ 55 gallons used to accumulate hazardous waste (larger containers are not eligible) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only one satellite container may be used at each point of generation (multiple points of generation allowed) </li></ul><ul><li>All satellite containers must be marked with the words “Hazardous Waste” </li></ul><ul><li>When full, satellite containers must be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marked with the accumulation start date and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved to 90-day storage area within 3 calendar days </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Containers must be closed except when adding or removing waste </li></ul><ul><li>All containers and tanks used for storage must marked with the accumulation start date and the words “Hazardous Waste” </li></ul>
    39. 39. HW Storage Inspections <ul><li>Documented weekly inspections must be conducted for all 90-day storage containers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect for leaks or deterioration caused by corrosion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Documented daily inspections must be conducted for all 90-day storage tanks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect discharge control equipment, monitoring equipment, level in the tank, and construction materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary containment must be provided </li></ul></ul>
    40. 40. HW Disposal <ul><li>SQG and LQG must ship all hazardous waste from the facility to a permitted Treatment, Storage or Disposal Facility (TSDF) </li></ul><ul><li>EPA Identification number required </li></ul><ul><li>A hazardous waste manifest must be used for all shipments of hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Except where tolling agreement exists (e.g., Safety Kleen parts washer waste) </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. HW Training <ul><li>LQGs must have a written Contingency Plan that includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A description of the actions facility personnel must take to respond to a release </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A description of the arrangements with local emergency services (fire, police, hospital) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designation of primary and secondary emergency coordinators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A list of all emergency equipment on site & capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An evacuation plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copies of the plan must be maintained at the facility and submitted to local police, fire, and hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who handles hazardous waste must be trained annually on the contents of the Contingency Plan and the proper handling of hazardous waste </li></ul>
    42. 42. HW Record Keeping <ul><li>Maintain the following for at least 3 years: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste analyses, test results or information supporting waste determinations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage inspection records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personnel training records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biennial reports and Exception reports (LQGs only) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SQG and LQG must keep current emergency contact information posted near a telephone </li></ul>
    43. 43. HW Reporting <ul><li>Large Quantity Generators are required to submit a report (Form 8700-13A) by March 1 of each even-numbered years for the previous years manifested shipments </li></ul><ul><li>If EPA runs the program in that state, the report is submitted to the appropriate EPA Regional Office </li></ul><ul><li>States may have additional reporting requirements </li></ul>
    44. 44. Common HW Violations noted during inspections <ul><li>Not marking containers with “Hazardous Waste” </li></ul><ul><li>Not marking containers with accumulation start date </li></ul><ul><li>Open container while not adding/removing waste </li></ul><ul><li>Incomplete or missing inspection records </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspection records not signed and dated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incomplete or missing training records </li></ul><ul><li>Out dated or missing manifest records </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to properly characterize waste </li></ul>
    45. 45. HW Disposal Requirements <ul><li>Properly package, label, and mark each drum or container for transport off-site </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a manifest for all transported hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>Comply with land disposal restrictions for certain wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Use a RCRA-permitted transporter for off-site shipment to a RCRA-permitted disposal facility </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain records of manifests, exception reports, waste profiles, and test results </li></ul>
    46. 46. HW Generator Requirements – Summary <ul><li>Generator status is determined by the amount and type of waste generated at site and the amount of waste accumulated on site at any time </li></ul><ul><li>There are specific requirements for each type of generator covering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage and Accumulation amounts and time limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspections, Training and Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport, Disposal and Record Keeping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use a RCRA-permitted transporter for off-site shipment to a RCRA-permitted disposal facility </li></ul>
    47. 47. Hazardous Waste Manifest - Overview <ul><li>EPA Form 8700-22 </li></ul><ul><li>Owner fills out manifest form describing waste and designated recipient and alternative recipient </li></ul><ul><li>Transporter signs manifest and leaves copy with generator </li></ul><ul><li>Recipient signs manifest and sends copy of manifest back to generator </li></ul><ul><li>If signed copy of manifest is not received from facility within 45 days (LGQ) or 60 days (SQG) of transport, follow exception reporting requirements </li></ul>
    48. 48. Waste Manifesting Waste Generated (Create Manifest) Generator (keep green copy) Transporter (keep yellow copy) Disposal Facility (keep pink copy) Returned to Generator (all signatures) Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest “ Cradle to Grave”
    49. 49. Hazardous Waste Manifest <ul><li>Generator’s representative certifies: </li></ul><ul><li>That waste is properly marked, packed, classified, and labeled </li></ul><ul><li>Program in place to reduce volume and toxicity of waste (LQG) </li></ul><ul><li>Selected Treatment /Storage /Disposal method is best available method (LQG) </li></ul>
    50. 50. Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities <ul><li>Last link in cradle-to-grave hazardous waste management system </li></ul><ul><li>40 CFR Parts 264 and 265 </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements are more extensive than standards for generators and transporters </li></ul><ul><li>Two categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permitted (new) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interim Status (existing) </li></ul></ul>
    51. 51. HW Manifest Summary <ul><li>Use EPA Form 8700-22 or appropriate state manifest for any hazardous waste disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Use a RCRA-permitted transporter for off-site shipment to a RCRA-permitted disposal facility </li></ul><ul><li>HW Generator signs manifest to certify waste is properly marked, packed, classified, and labeled </li></ul><ul><li>Details of HW Manifest will be covered in Waste Management – Level 2 Module </li></ul>
    52. 52. Summary – Waste Management <ul><li>Definition of Solid Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of Hazardous Waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generator Status and Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Manifests </li></ul><ul><li>Special Solid Waste Procedures </li></ul>
    53. 53. Universal Waste <ul><li>Category of hazardous waste that is exempt from hazardous waste requirements if specified handling and recycling practices are followed (40 CFR 273) </li></ul><ul><li>Waste is shipped by approved universal waste handlers </li></ul><ul><li>Includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Batteries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recalled pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mercury thermostats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lamps (fluorescent bulbs & tube) </li></ul></ul>
    54. 54. Universal Waste Handlers <ul><li>Universal Waste Handlers, two types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First type – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Person who generates or creates, universal waste or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors or repair people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second type – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Person who receives universal waste from generates or other handlers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal waste handlers accumulate universal waste, but do not treat, recycle, or dispose of the waste </li></ul></ul>
    55. 55. Universal Waste Regulations <ul><li>Two sets of regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small quantity handlers of universal waste (SQHUW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accumulates less than 5,000 kilograms (11,000 lbs) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large quantity handlers of universal waste (LQHUW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accumulates 5,000 kilograms or more </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At any one-time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designation retained through the end of the calendar year </li></ul></ul></ul>
    56. 56. Small Quantity Handlers UW <ul><li>No notification to accumulate UW </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Store in closed, structurally sound, and compatible containers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Universal Waste – Batteries”, or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Waste – Batteries”, or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Used – Batteries” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Accumulation time – 1 year, mark the earliest date of any UW in the container </li></ul><ul><li>Employee Training – “Inform” all employees who handle or have responsibility for managing UW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper Handling, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate emergency procedures </li></ul></ul>
    57. 57. Large Quantity Handlers UW <ul><li>Submit notification to accumulate UW, and obtain an EPA ID Number </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Store in closed, structurally sound, and compatible containers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Universal Waste – Batteries”, or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Waste – Batteries”, or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Used – Batteries” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Accumulation time – 1 year, mark the earliest date of any UW in the container </li></ul><ul><li>Employee Training – “Ensure” all employees are thoroughly familiar with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper Handling, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency procedures </li></ul></ul>
    58. 58. Lead Acid Batteries <ul><li>Two managing options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Per 40 CFR 273.2 as “Universal Waste” or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Per 40 CFR 266.80 (Subpart G) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you generate, collect, transport, store or regenerate lead-acid batteries for reclamation purposes, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exemption from certain hazardous waste management requirements </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily used for the reclamation of spent “automotive” lead-acid batteries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must determine which one of the five applicable requirements under 40 CFR 266.80 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No labeling requirements </li></ul></ul></ul>
    59. 59. UW - Summary <ul><li>Generators responsibility to determine if the waste should be managed as hazardous waste or UW </li></ul><ul><li>If managed as UW, then it’s the generators responsibility for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notification if required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accumulation time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee Training </li></ul></ul>

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