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Lennn

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • The way a verb forms its past tense determines its classification as regular or irregular. A regular verb takes the –d or –ed ending to denote the past tense.
  • 3.
    • Irregular verbs do not take the –d or –ed ending. They are inflected in various other ways to indicate past tense.
  • 4.
    • Regular
    • believe -> believed
    • smile -> smiled
    • Irregular
    • run -> ran
    • eat -> ate
  • 5.
    • An irregular verb forms its past and past participle by
    • changing vowels ( run-- ran ) or consonants ( build– built)
    • or by changing vowels and consonants ( catch – caught )
    • or by making no changes ( burst, cost )
  • 6.
    • Every verb has four basic parts, which are called its principal parts. You must know all of these in order to form the different tenses correctly.
        • Present (aka Infinitive)
        • Past
        • Present Participle
        • Past Participle
  • 7.
    • existing or happening now
    • know to know
    • take to take
    • write to write
  • 8.
    • existed or happened in the past
    • knew
    • took
    • wrote
  • 9.
    • The present participle of a verb always ends in –ing .
    • knowing
    • taking
    • writing
  • 10.
    • The past participle of a verb always requires a helping verb ( have, has, had ).
    • had known
    • have taken
    • has written
  • 11.
    • Present Past Past Participle
    • begin 1. ___ _ ______ have begun
    • freeze 2. ___ _ ______ have frozen
    • write wrote 3. _____ _ ___
    • blow 4. __ _ _______ have blown
    • drive drove 5. ___ ___ ___
    • wear wore 6. _____ ____
    • sing 7. __________ have sung
    • ride 8. __________ have ridden
  • 12.
    • Present Past Past Participle
    • begin 1. have begun
    • freeze 2. have frozen
    • write wrote 3.
    • blow 4. have blown
    • drive drove 5.
    • wear wore 6.
    • sing 7. have sung
    • ride 8. have ridden
  • 13.
    • Present Past Past Participle
    • choose chose 9. _________
    • go 10. _________ have gone
    • run 11. _________ have run
    • throw threw 12. ________
    • come came 13. ________
    • see saw 14. ________
    • speak 15. _________ have spoken
    • burst 16. _________ have burst
  • 14.
    • Present Past Past Participle
    • choose chose 9.
    • go 10. have gone
    • run 11. have run
    • throw threw 12.
    • come came 13.
    • see saw 14.
    • speak 15. have spoken
    • burst 16. have burst
  • 15.
    • Present Past Past Participle
    • swim swam 17. ________
    • sink sank 18. ________
    • break 19. _________ have broken
    • bring 20. _________ have brought
  • 16.
    • Present Past Past
    • Participle
    • swim swam 17.
    • sink sank 18.
    • break 19. have broken
    • bring 20. have brought

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