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Articles n detminers

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  • 1. ARTICLES CAN BE DEVIDED BY TWO GROUPS A INDEFINITE AN THE
  • 2.
    • INDEFINITE,USED BEFORE SINGULAR COUNTABLE NOUNS /TO SHOW SINGULAR
    • EXAMPLE 1
    • - A BOOK - A TREE
    • - A HOUSE - A UNIFORM
    • - A PENCIL - A BROWN BALL
    • - A CAR - A RED APPLE
    • - A BOY - A LOVELY MORNING
  • 3.
    • EXAMPLE 2
    • - U NIVERSITY
    • - U NION
    • - U NIFORM ANY ‘U ’ VOWELS THAT
    • - U NIMART PRONOUNS AS ‘ YU ’
    • SHOULD USE ‘A ’ AT THE
    • BEGINNING OF THE SENTENCES
  • 4.
    • INDEFINITE,USED BEFORE SINGULAR COUNTABLE NOUNS
    • EXAMPLE 1
    • - AN AEROPLANE - AN EGG
    • - AN ELEPHANT - AN OWL
    • - AN IDEA - AN ISLAND
    • - AN UMBRELLA - AN ANT
  • 5.
    • EXAMPLE 2
    • - AN H OUR
    • - AN H EIR SILENT ‘H’
    • - AN H ONEST MAN
  • 6.
    • DEFINITE,USED BEFORE SINGULAR COUNTABLE NOUNS,AND BEFORE BOTH COUNT AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
    • EXAMPLE 1
    • - The presenter, the audience, the sessions and the time.
  • 7.
    • ‘ THE’ IS USED…….
    • BEFORE A SUPELATIVE
    • - the easie st
    • - the lea st
    • - the mo st
    • BEFORE A TITTLE OR A POSITION
    • - the K ing
    • - the P rime M inister
  • 8.
    • BEFORE A NOUN
    • - the sun
    • - the sky
    • - the moon
    • BEFORE RIVERS,SEAS,OCEAN,GROUP OF ISLAND AND COUNTRIES
    • - the P acific O cean
    • - the S outh C hinese S ea
  • 9.
    • BEFORE AN ORDINAL NUMBER
    • - the first
    • - the second
    • CERTAIN EXPRESSION OF TIME
    • -in the morning
    • -in the afternoon
    • TO REFER TO PARTICULAR NOUNS
    • - the participants are copying the notes
  • 10.
    • TO REFER TO NOUNS MENTIONED EARLIER IN A SENTENCE
    • -I used a pencil . The pencil was provided by the hotel
    • WITH THE FOLLOWING MOSQUE UNIVERSITIES AND CINEMAS
    • -My father has gone to the mosque, whereas my sister has gone to the universities
  • 11.
    • WE DO NOT USE ARTICLES WITH………….
    • PROPER NOUNS SUCH AS TOWN, COUNTRIES,ROADS OR STREETS
    • - the venue for the workshop is Universities of New Challenge
    • NAME OF GAMES
    • - the male participants love soccer
  • 12.
    • MEALS
    • - the speakers have dinner at 7.00pm
    • -have you taken breakfast
    • SCHOOL,CHURCHES.TOWNS,MARKET
    • -participants take a bus to town
  • 13.
    • ARE USED TO SHOW QUANTITY
    • DETERMINERS ARE ALSO DEVIDED BY TWO GROUPS….
    • -COUNTABLE SINGULAR
    • -UNCOUNTABLE AND PLURAL
  • 14.
    • COUNTABLE
    • Q SINGULAR PLURAL
    • U W -one,every**,each, -many,several,some*
    • A O and another a few,a number of,
    • N R
    • T D DEMOSTRATIVE
    • I S -this and -these and
    • T that those
    • Y
  • 15.
    • UNCOUNTABLE
    • Q SINGULAR
    • U W -much,more,some**
    • A O a little, a lot of,a lots of(mean the same)
    • N R
    • T D
    • I S DEMONSTRATIVE
    • T -this and that
    • Y
  • 16.
    • SOME AND ANY
    • We use SOME or ANY , not A/An with uncountable and plural nouns.
    • They mean ‘a limited number or quantities’.
    • We use SOME in affirmative (+) sentences.
    • We use ANY in negative sentences(-) and in most question.
    • e.g -I’d like some water.
    • -Have you got any sugar?
  • 17.
    • SOMEBODY,SOMEONE,ANYTHING,SOMEWHERE..
    • Somebody and someone mean the same,and same goes to Anybody and Anyone .
    • The differents between somebody and anybody is same as some and any.
    • e.g.-Has anybody seen my keys?
    • -he lives somewhere in london.
    • -I didn’t say anything.
    • -She never goes anywhere.
  • 18.
    • MUCH AND MANY
    • We use much with singular(uncountable)nouns and many with plurals .
    • Much and many are used mostly in questions and negatives.They ar unusual in affirmative(+)sentences.
    • e.g -she doesn’t speak much in english
    • -she doesn’t buy many clothes
  • 19.
    • A LOT OF AND A LOTS OF
    • A lot of and a lots of are common in informal style.They mean the same.
    • E.g-I haven’t got a lot of time just now.
    • -He’s got a lots of money and a lots of friends.
    • If we use a lot or lots with noun ,we always use of.
    • If we use a lot or lots without a noun ,we don’t use of
    • E.g -`Have you got a lot of work?’
    • -`yes a lot ’
  • 20.
    • A LITTLE AND A FEW
    • We use a little with singular(uncountable)nouns.
    • And a few with plural.
    • E.g -If you`re hungry,we`ve got a little soup and a a few tomatoes.
    • In conversation we use only a little / few
    • We can use a little and a few without nouns if the meaning is clear.
    • e.g-`have got any money? ` A little ’
  • 21.
    • EVERY CHILD ,ALL CHILDREN
    • We can use all and every with similar meanings,but the grammar is different.
    • All +PLURAL
    • E.g- All children are different
    • - All teachers make mistakes
    • EVERY+ SINGULAR
    • E.g- Every child is different
    • - Every teacher make mistakes.
  • 22.
    • BOTH,EITHER,AND NEITHER
    • We use both,either and neither to talk about two people or things.
    • Both =(one or the other)has a plural noun
    • Either =(one or the other)has a singular noun.
    • Neither =(not one,not either n not the other)has singular noun.
    • E.g-Are you free on wed o thurs?Im free on both days
    • -Which day is better for you? Either day is ok.
  • 23.
    • DETERMINERS AND OF MOST PEOPLE,MOST OF US.
    • Sometimes we use determiners(some,any..)with of
    • DETERMINERS+OF
    • -use before the some of the people here
    • this too many of those books
    • my a few of our friends
    • it enough of it
    • WITHOUT OF too many old books.
    • a few friends.