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10 Trends Impacting Higher Education  Wfs 7 09
 

10 Trends Impacting Higher Education Wfs 7 09

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Ralph A. Wolff, President and Executive Director

Ralph A. Wolff, President and Executive Director
Western Association of Schools and Colleges
Accrediting Commission for Senior Colleges and Universities

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    10 Trends Impacting Higher Education  Wfs 7 09 10 Trends Impacting Higher Education Wfs 7 09 Presentation Transcript

    • 10 Trends Affecting the Future of Higher Education Ralph Wolff President and Executive Director Senior College Commission, WASC World Future Society
    • Overview of U.S. Higher Education
      • Greatest diversity of institutions in the world
      • Long considered the best system in the world
      • Major innovations – independent boards of trustees, community colleges, open access
      • Massification since Korean War
    • Mission Differentiation
      • Research
      • Liberal arts
      • Comprehensive universities
      • Community colleges
      • Faith-based
      • Specialized/single purpose
      • “ One solution never fits all.”
    • Institutions
      • Public 4-year institutions 643
      • Public 2-year institutions 1,045
      • Private 4-year institutions, nonprofit 1,533
      • Private 4-year institutions, for-profit 453
      • Private 2-year institutions, nonprofit 107
      • Private 2-year institutions, for-profit 533
      • Total 4,314
    • Where Students Go
      • Public 4-year institutions 6,955,013 (39%)
      • Public 2-year institutions 6,225,120 (35%)
      • Private 4-year institutions 4,285,317 (24%)
      • Private 2-year institutions 293,420 (1%)
      • Total 17,758,870
      • 81% of all freshmen in the fall of 2006 who had graduated from high school in the previous year attended colleges in their home states.
    • Demographics
      • Women 57.3%
      • Full-time 61.7%
      • Minority 31.5%
      • Foreign 3.4%
    • 1. Financial Meltdown
      • At a time of increased need for higher education:
      • Public funding cuts
      • Endowment decline > 20%
      • Crunch on lines of credit
      • Limits on tuition increases at private institutions
      • Increases at public universities
    •  
    • 3-5 Year Setting
      • Every state will have a structural deficit
      • Pell increases do not make up differences
      • $50 billion stimulus money for higher education is one time, focused
      • Student debt load increasing
      • Student work hours increasing
    • Short –Medium Term Consequences
      • Immediate response is to freeze and cut, not restructure
      • Will shift most public supported institutions to “public assisted”
      • Lead to search for new sources of revenue -- increased business partnerships, joint ventures
      • Need for new models – are they out there?
    • 2. President Obama’s Priorities
      • Highest proportion of college graduates in the world by 2020 (40 % -> 60%)
      • National high school exit standards
      • Linked to college readiness standards
      • $15 billion community college initiative
      • $50 million for free online courses
      • Centers to develop and share best practices
    • Short – Medium Term Impact
      • Shift toward vocational and technical education/jobs
      • Partnering with major Gates and Lumina Foundation Initiatives
      • Recognition that community colleges are today what high schools were 30 years ago
      • Increased access through open admissions
      • Increased participation of underrepresented groups
    • 3. Influence of For Profits and Market Capital
      • Fastest growing sector
      • Increasing mergers, acquisitions
      • Conversion of nonprofit universities
      • Joint ventures with mainline institutions
      • Growth, scalability and high profitability of proprietary systems
      • Increasing connections with industry – e.g., $500 million BP grant to Berkeley
    • 4. Technology and Distance Education
      • > 2 million students
      • Growing rapidly, increasing competition
      • Hybrid programs most effective
      • Greatest number within traditional settings
      • High tech does not always mean high enrollment
      • Can be centers of high profit
      • Continuing Congressional concerns
    • 5. Internationalization
      • Lincoln Commission – value to US students of study abroad
      • Increase in international students in US
      • Increased competition here and abroad for best international students
      • Infusion of international perspectives -- a course or a holistic perspective?
    • 6. Globalization
      • International recognition of importance of higher education
      • Major investments in local systems
      • Bologna Process will have significant impact over time
      • Cross-border offerings increasing – Australian medical school opening in US; new programs and institutions in China, former Soviet bloc, Middle East
      • Creation of new partnerships, joint degrees, dual degrees
    • 7. Quality Assurance and Accountability
      • Completion rates
      • Placement rates
      • Learning results
      • Costs
      • Debt load
      • Executive compensation
      • Board accountability
    • Has Quality Declined?
      • NAAL : Performance of college graduates and those with graduate degrees 1992 to 2003:
      • -- % college graduates proficient in English fell from 40% to 31%
      • -- % Proficient in prose literacy fell from 51% to 41%
      • National Survey of America’s College Students : significant numbers of college grads (20-30%) have only basic quantitative skills
      • No significant differences between public and private institutions
      • In 2 year schools, no significant difference based on academic or technical curricula
      • Employers : college grads lack skills for the workplace (AAC&U surveys)
    • 6 Year Graduation Rates at 4-year Institutions
      • All 56.4%
      • Men 53.0%
      • Women 59.2%
      • Visit www.edtrust.org – College Results Online
    • Global Competitiveness
      • Drop in high school graduation rates (77.5%)
      • Dropped from 1 st to 7 th in college participation rates of 18-24 year olds
      • 2d for 35-64 yr. olds; 10 th for 25-34
      • 15 th in completion rates
      • Lower than OECD average for science and math literacy for 15 yr. olds (PISA scores)
    • 8. Sustainability and the University
      • President’s Climate Commitment
      • Involvement of professional associations
      • Moving from facilities to curriculum to institutionalization
      • Major area of scientific research
      • Need equal work in social and behavioral sciences, arts and humanities for the change in consciousness needed
    • 9. 21 st Century Learning Competencies
      • “We are responsible for preparing our students to address problems we cannot foresee with knowledge that has not yet been developed using technology not yet invented.”
      • “ The problems we have cannot be solved at the same level of thinking at which we created them.” Albert Einstein
    • Is Higher Education Primarily for Economic Gain?
    • Or Developing the Nation’s Talent and Creativity?
    • Changing Character of Knowledge
      • Sources of Knowledge
      • education institution -> everywhere (deinstitutionalized learning)
      • Understanding of Knowledge
      • static -> dynamic (openness to new knowledge, ability to “unlearn”)
      • Structure of Knowledge
      • compartmental -> holistic
      • Nature of Knowledge
      • external authority -> personal and contextual
    • 21 st Century Skills 11 5 Comfort with notion of ‘no right answer’ 1 8 Problem solving 4 7 Originality and inventiveness in work 10 6 Fundamental curiosity 6 4 Ability to originate new ideas 2 3 Integration of knowledge across different disciplines 3 2 Ability to identify new patterns of behavior or new combinations of actions 9 1 Problem identification or articulation
    • 10. New Forms of Institutions
      • Institutional consolidations/closures
      • “Cloud” programs across institutions
      • The “partnering” university
      • Privatized public universities
      • Credit banks
      • Transnational universities
    • What Is On Your List?
      • Ralph Wolff
      • [email_address]