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Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
Youth unemployment in Pakistan
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Youth unemployment in Pakistan

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  • @Natasha Naseer IBN hiring SSC/HSC/BA/Master/Engineer/ Doctor for more info visit at www.malaysianvisa.info Last date to apply 25/04/2015. IBN Malaysia.
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  • IBN hiring SSC/HSC/BA/Master/Engineer/ Doctor for more info visit at www.malaysianvisa.info Last date to apply 25/04/2015. IBN Malaysia.
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  • IBN hiring SSC/HSC/BA/Master/Engineer/ Doctor for more info visit at www.malaysianvisa.info Last date to apply 25/04/2015. IBN Malaysia.
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  • Can you please where you got got your statistaical data from
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  • This is very useful my friend
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  • 1. Youth Unemployment in Pakistan BY: Waqas Nawaz Waqas_nawaz729@yahoo.com
  • 2. UNEMPLOYMENT Workless people can always be dangerous to a country’s security. • The frustrated youth of the country is falling a prey to drugaddiction, violence, theft, and many other social evils. Smugglers, drug-traffickers and terrorists are engaging them in heinous activities. • A Working Definition of Unemployment: “People able, available and willing to find work and actively seeking work – but not employed”
  • 3. UNEMPLOYMENT IN PAKISTAN  Unemployment is one of the major issues confronted by our youth today. Every year many new graduates are added into the labor force but few of them get very good jobs; some others get a reasonable one but many keep on looking for jobs for a long time.  Recently, the unemployment rate of Pakistan increased to 6.5% and so it can be said that one out of every 10 people of the country are suffering from unemployment.  The unemployment rate in urban areas of Pakistan increased by 2% to 10.1%, whereas, the unemployment rate in rural areas increased from 4.3% to 5%.
  • 4.  According to Economic Survey of 2010-11, population of Pakistan is 177.1 million. Total labor force is about 54.92 million out of which 51.87 million is employed and remaining 3.05 million is unemployed. Rate of male unemployment is 5.6 % and female unemployment is 9.3 %.  You will find so many graduates, master students, engineers and people of every profession being wasted due to unstable employment system in Pakistan  Not only educated people of Pakistan, but also the labor class is going through a rough phase and their daily life has become a living hell for them
  • 5. UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN PAKISTAN 1998 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 7 6 6.3 7.8 7.8 7.7 8.3 6.6 6.5 7.4 14 15 5.6 6.5
  • 6. SUICIDES CASES BY UNEMPLOYMENT • Over the same period, 1,160 cases of attempted suicide were reported. According to the report; 469 people committed suicide for domestic reasons 136 because they were unemployed 193 over disputes within families 74 over the rejection of marriage proposals 85 after fights with parents 97 because of poverty 159 for other reasons.
  • 7. MAJOR CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN PAKISTAN • The causes are endless and countless. But the major causes of unemployment in Pakistan are as follows:1. Economic Causes 2. Social Causes 3. Financial Causes
  • 8. ECONOMIC CAUSES • Low Industrial Growth Rate Low industrial growth rate is 1.7 % in Pakistan. Number of industries is not increasing in Pakistan. Lack of industries means less opportunities of employment. • Mechanization of Agriculture Due to mechanization of agriculture there is less use of labor in agricultural sector. These unemployed persons move to cities to find jobs at less wage rate. Accordingly, use of modern techniques in agricultural sector is also a further cause of unemployment and under employment
  • 9. • Reduction in Foreign Employment Due to illiteracy, ill training and lack of skill & efficiency demand for our labor in foreign market is decreasing. It also creates problem of unemployment. • Use of Advanced Technology A poor country uses backward techniques of production and labor intensive technologies. But when it uses the advanced technology there spread more unemployment in the country
  • 10. SOCIAL CAUSES • High Population Growth Rate The population of Pakistan is increasing at a rate of 2.1 %. Due to this high rate about two million people enter into the labor market each year. • Illiteracy & Literacy Illiteracy and literacy both are the causes of unemployment in Pakistan. Due to Illiteracy people are not able to work and they remain unemployed. On the other hand number of educated is increasing annually but government is unable to create employment opportunities e.g., students of B. Com. are increasing at very fast speed but they cannot find jobs and admissions for higher education. Rate of illiteracy in Pakistan is 42.3 %.
  • 11. • Follow New Trend of Education Students are that whenever there comes a new trend or a new technology, then everyone follows to study that specific subject only rather than differentiating themselves they all follow the same pattern. Later, when there are only 5-10 vacancies of that specific field the number of graduates of that field are in thousands. • Under Govt. Educational Institutions Around 80% of the educational institutions in Pakistan are under government. So, our educational and technical institutions do not equip the students properly to suit international and at times even local markets. • Lack of Confidence in Educated Persons A student may have a master’s degree ,but when he walks into an office for his interview, he lacks the confidence to carry himself for a formal conversation and in the end so many students of this type are rejected and left unemployed!
  • 12.  Lack of Technical Education Today, literacy rate is 57.7 %. Number of students of every field especially of commerce, are so large but employment opportunities for them are few.  Rural-Urban Migration Pakistan an agricultural based economy, is currently undergoing the process of mechanization. Labor is being replaced by machines, creating unemployment in rural areas.  Political Instability There is political instability in Pakistan, which creates less attraction for foreign investment. Due to political instability investor hesitates to invest. • Afghan Refugees They create a bad effect on our labor market. They are ready to work more at less wage rate.
  • 13. • Nepotism and Favoritism It means selection according to relation, language, caste, sects not according to ability. Here deserving candidates do not get jobs and remain unemployed or under employed. • Re-employment Re-employment of higher rank civil and especially armed forces officers has decline the jobs for qualified young men in Pakistan • Law and order situation of Karachi Karachi is the biggest and an ideal place in terms of industrial base of Pakistan. Sadly, investors are not willing to invest in Karachi due to violence that has taken over Karachi in the past few years
  • 14. FINANCIAL CAUSES • Lack of Credit Facilities It is so difficult to manage the personal business and selfemployment due to absence of easy credit facilities. Accordingly, shortage of credit facilities is also a main cause of unemployment • Deficiency of Capital There is shortage of capital that leads to low level of saving and investment in Pakistan. It results in low rate of capital formation and caused in unemployment
  • 15. STEPS OF GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT • SMEDA (SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES DEVELOPMENT) SMEDA provides loans to the deserving persons to establishment of Small and Medium industries. • SKILL DEVELOPMENT COUNCILS Skill Development Council is play vital rule to educate the people who desired to improved their technical qualification in industrial and other organizations. • OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT CORPORATION (OEC) Overseas Employment Corporation (OEC)was established in 1976 by Govt. of Pakistan and is only employment promotion agency operating in public sector. During 37 years, sending more than 135,000 workers to 55 different countries across the world.
  • 16.  PRIME MINISTER’S YOUTH PROGRAM The following Six Schemes are being launched Prime Minister’s Scheme Loan per person Candidat es Budg All PM’s Qarz-e-Hasna Scheme 25,000 250,000 3.5 Billion PM’s Small Business Loan Scheme 0.5 to 2.0 M 100,000 5 Billion PM’s Youth Skill Development Scheme 3,000/ six months 25,000 800 M PM’s Scheme for provision of Laptop 40,000/ laptop 100,000 4.0 Billion 30,000 1.2 Billion PM’s Scheme for Reimbursement of Fee of 40,000 Tuition Students from the Less Developed Areas fee / year  NATIONAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAM (NIP) The educated youth of Federal Regions (ICT, FATA, GILGIT, BALTISTAN, and AJK), along with monthly stipend of Rs. 10,000/-.
  • 17. RECOMMENDATIONS • Establishment of Employment Offices There is not any single office for the information about employment opportunities in Pakistan. More and more employment offices should be established these would cause in reduction in unemployment. • Population Control Fast growth rate of population should be controlled. Due to population control there will be more employment opportunities and reduction in unemployment • Growth of Industrial Sector Government should provide basic infrastructure to established industries is rural areas. Growth of industrial sector is needed to reduce unemployment.
  • 18. • Reduction in Retirement Period Retirement age is 60 years in Pakistan. It should be reduce to 55 years to provide more employment opportunities . • Subsidies to Private Sector Stable government is required to subsidize the private sector. Government should help the private sector to development. It will create more employment chances. • Job on Merit Government should eliminate the nepotism and favoritism. Employment opportunities should be provided in accordance to skill and ability. • Economic Growth Govt. should make efforts to push economic growth process. For this purpose Economic Revival Package should announce for the revival of industries sector, to stimulate production and investment
  • 19. • Fiscal and Monitory Policies Beside this a number of fiscal and monetary measures should take to attract industrialists and particularly foreign investment. • Export more than import Government needs to motivate people to export more than import through broadening the tax base and by lowering down the tariff plans. • Foreign Investment The government need to make such policies that attracts foreign investment in our country which will lead to more job opportunities.
  • 20. CONCLUSION  In conclusion, another erupting challenge standing before Pakistan is wide-spread unemployment. Thousands of educated graduates are jobless. Hundreds of thousands of unemployed workers are forced to lead their lives below their status. Large scale unemployment has serious effects on the country’s production also. Moreover, the country’s population has drastically increased during recent years. Therefore, every step taken to improve the living standard of common man proves to be futile and ineffective.  We conclude that there are two major elements, which can reduce the unemployment i. e., use of labor intensive industries and adoption of self-reliance policy. Progress and prosperity is impossible without the reduction in unemployment.
  • 21. THANKS

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