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Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
Influenza Ppt 10 09
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Influenza Ppt 10 09

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Seasonal and H1N1 Influenza. Slides can be adapted for lay audience or for Healthcare Audience

Seasonal and H1N1 Influenza. Slides can be adapted for lay audience or for Healthcare Audience

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  1. INFLUENZA 2009 <ul><li>Seasonal Flu </li></ul><ul><li>A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1) </li></ul><ul><li>A/Uruguay/716/2007 (H3N2) </li></ul><ul><li>B/Brisbane/60/2008 </li></ul><ul><li>H1N1 “Swine” Flu </li></ul><ul><li>Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Gervase, R.Ph. </li></ul><ul><li>October, 2009 </li></ul>
  2. Outline For Today <ul><li>What is Influenza ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important to us? </li></ul><ul><li>History of Influenza </li></ul><ul><li>2009-2010 Seasonal Influenza </li></ul><ul><li>Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccines </li></ul><ul><li>Antivirals </li></ul>
  3. What is Influenza <ul><li>Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Unpredictable </li></ul><ul><li>Most strains evolve constantly (drift) </li></ul><ul><li>Very Contagious </li></ul>
  4. What is Influenza <ul><li>PATHOGENISIS </li></ul><ul><li>Transmitted in Respiratory Secretions </li></ul><ul><li>Replicates in the Endothelium of the Respiratory Tract </li></ul><ul><li>Causes Cell Destruction </li></ul><ul><li>Viral Shedding begins on contact and continues for 10 days </li></ul>
  5. What is Influenza <ul><li>CLINICAL FEATURES </li></ul><ul><li>Incubation Period 1 to 4 Days </li></ul><ul><li>Severity of Illness depends on Prior Exposure to Same or Similar Strain </li></ul><ul><li>Onset of Symptoms is Abrupt: Nonproductive Cough, Fever, Muscle Aches, Sore Throat, Headache </li></ul>
  6. What is Influenza <ul><li>INFLUENZA VIRUS STRAINS </li></ul><ul><li>Type A Moderate to severe symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>All age groups </li></ul><ul><li>Affects humans and animals </li></ul><ul><li>Type B Milder Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily Affects Children </li></ul><ul><li>Humans Only </li></ul><ul><li>Type C Rare reports in Humans </li></ul>
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  8. What Is NOT Influenza? <ul><li>Colds and other Viruses </li></ul><ul><li>low fever or no fever, productive cough, feel sick but ABLE to function </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchitis / COPD / Pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking, predisposition, immune compromised </li></ul><ul><li>GI “flu” </li></ul><ul><li>Often caused by Bacteria due to Food Poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>May be caused by other viruses </li></ul>
  9. WHY IS FLU IMPORTANT TO US ? <ul><li>We Feel Awful </li></ul><ul><li>We Miss Work </li></ul><ul><li>We Infect Our Loved Ones </li></ul><ul><li>We Infect the Community Around Us </li></ul><ul><li>They Feel Awful </li></ul><ul><li>They Miss Work </li></ul><ul><li>…………………… Some will be Hospitalized </li></ul><ul><li>… .. ……………………..Some will Die </li></ul>
  10. THE HISTORY OF INFLUENZA <ul><li>First World Wide Pandemic was in 1580 </li></ul><ul><li>There were at least 4 pandemics in the 19 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Pandemic of 1918 Killed 21 Million People </li></ul>
  11. 2009-2010 Seasonal Influenza Vaccine <ul><li>A/Uruguay/716/2007 (H3N2) </li></ul><ul><li>B/Brisbane/60/2008 </li></ul><ul><li>A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1) </li></ul><ul><li>Possible Mismatch of Vaccine to Circulating Viruses </li></ul><ul><li>197 Flu Viruses Circulating </li></ul><ul><li>New substrain has emerged A/Brisbane (H3N2) From A/Brisbane/10/2007 (H3N2) (drift) </li></ul>
  12. 2009-2010 Seasonal Influenza <ul><li>Is not being seen in the United States in large numbers YET this year. </li></ul><ul><li>90 to 95 % of all Type A Influenza is “Swine” Flu at this time. </li></ul><ul><li>October 1, 2009 </li></ul>
  13. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) (Swine Flu) <ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence </li></ul><ul><li>How to prevent it’s spread </li></ul><ul><li>When do you call the Doc? </li></ul><ul><li>Family Preparedness </li></ul>
  14. <ul><li>. </li></ul>Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) Symptoms
  15. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) Prevalence Pandemic influenza A/H1N1 08-09 seasonal influenza
  16. 2009-2010 Seasonal Influenza <ul><li>A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1) </li></ul><ul><li>A/Uruguay/716/2007 (H3N2) </li></ul><ul><li>B/Brisbane/60/2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Possible Mismatch of Vaccine to Circulating Viruses Circulating in Early 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>197 Flu Viruses Circulating </li></ul><ul><li>New substrain has emerged A/Brisbane (H3N2) From A/Brisbane/10/2007 (H3N2) (drift) </li></ul>
  17. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) Prevalence
  18. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1)
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  20. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) USE OF ANTIVIRALS <ul><li>Tamiflu and Relenza only. </li></ul><ul><li>May decrease duration and severity of illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Must be given within the first 24 – 48 hrs. </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal Influenza has shown some resistance to antivirals. Swine Flu has now demonstrated occasional resistance. </li></ul>
  21. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) <ul><li>. </li></ul>
  22. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) <ul><li>. </li></ul>
  23.  
  24. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1)
  25. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) <ul><li>. </li></ul>
  26. Influenza A 2009 H1N1 A / Mexico / 001 / 2009 (H1N1) <ul><li>. </li></ul>
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  32. SHOULD I GET THE SWINE FLU VACCINE ? (Non Healthcare Worker) <ul><li>1. I SHOULD GET IT TO PROTECT MY LOVED ONES. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I SHOULD GET IT SO THAT I CAN TAKE CARE OF MY LOVED ONES IF THEY GET SICK. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I SHOULD GET IT SO THAT I DON’T MISS WORK. </li></ul><ul><li>4. I SHOULD GET IT BECAUSE I AM AT HIGH RISK OF COMPLICATIONS </li></ul>
  33. SHOULD I GET THE SWINE FLU VACCINE ? ( Healthcare Worker) <ul><li>1. I SHOULD GET IT TO PROTECT MY LOVED ONES. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I SHOULD GET IT SO THAT I CAN TAKE CARE OF MY PATIENTS WHO HAVE IT. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I SHOULD GET IT SO THAT I DON’T MISS WORK. </li></ul><ul><li>4. I SHOULD GET IT SO THAT I DON’T CARRY IT HOME TO MY LOVED ONES. </li></ul><ul><li>5. I SHOULD GET IT BECAUSE IT IS MY DUTY. </li></ul>
  34. SHOULD I GET THE SWINE FLU VACCINE ? ( Healthcare Worker)

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