Part 2:European Violence• Your goal: Understand the strategies and battles of World War II.
Violence, 1939–1945 Time Line 1939 Germany 1941 (June) Germans 1944 D-Day invasion invades Poland. invade Soviet Union. occurs. (Dec.) Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.1939 1945 1940 France 1943 Allies 1945 (May) Germany surrenders to German; defeat Japan at surrenders. (Aug.) Battle of Britain Guadalcanal. Atomic bombs begins. dropped; Japan surrenders.
Blitzkrieg on PolandSeptember 1, 1939 Soviet Union Greater Germany
Defeat of FranceJune 22, 1940 Greater Germany France
Winston Churchill“Those who can win a war well can rarely make a good peace.And those who could make a good peace would never have won British Prime Minister the war.”
Battle of Britain June 1940 --- May 194157 day attack onLondon and theNazis still didn’t win.This was Hitler’sfirst defeat.
The invention of radar was an effective tool for tracking enemy planes .Britain got a smuggled German Enigma code making machine.Now they could understand the Nazis’ encrypted messages.
Lend-Lease Act 1941• 1935-1937 US Is neutral BY LAW• 1941, Britain is the only Ally left, the outcome of the war could still be a Nazi Europe• 1941 Lend-Lease Act gets involved• US businesses can now sell weapons to the Allies, but they have to pick them up here.
Greer Incident 1941• German submarine fires on the US destroyer Greer• It is not the first time U-boats fire on American ships in World War II• Greer was not innocent• President Roosevelt then ordered the Navy to shoot U-boats on sight.• US is now more involved, but this is not a declaration of war --- yet.
Barbarossa 1941Germany invades the Soviet Union
Leningrad Blockade 1941-1944• Germans fully encircled the city• Attacked the city for 900 days• Blockade: cut off from outside world• Winter: no heating, no water supply, almost no electricity and very little food• City did not surrender
Stalingrad1942-1943• Germans encircled city• Inner city fighting• Red Army surrounded Germans and won the battle
Allies Invade Italy 1943 • Mussolini was arrested by the Fascist party • Nazis rescued him and put him in northern Italy.
D-Day Invasion 1944 • Mussolini was arrested by the Fascist party • Nazis rescued him and put him in northern Italy.
D-Day Invasion 1944 • Germans expected an invasion • We made them think it would come from Dover • Check out the inflatable tank • We attacked at Normandy
Battle Of The Bulge 1944 • Allies took back France • Hitler was fighting both West and East • Germans pushed deep into France • See the bulge?