World War II Slideshow Part Two


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European violence

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World War II Slideshow Part Two

  1. 1. Part 2:European Violence• Your goal: Understand the strategies and battles of World War II.
  2. 2. Violence, 1939–1945 Time Line 1939 Germany 1941 (June) Germans 1944 D-Day invasion invades Poland. invade Soviet Union. occurs. (Dec.) Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.1939 1945 1940 France 1943 Allies 1945 (May) Germany surrenders to German; defeat Japan at surrenders. (Aug.) Battle of Britain Guadalcanal. Atomic bombs begins. dropped; Japan surrenders.
  3. 3. Blitzkrieg on PolandSeptember 1, 1939 Soviet Union Greater Germany
  4. 4. Defeat of FranceJune 22, 1940 Greater Germany France
  5. 5. What About Britain?
  6. 6. Winston Churchill“Those who can win a war well can rarely make a good peace.And those who could make a good peace would never have won British Prime Minister the war.”
  7. 7. Battle of Britain June 1940 --- May 194157 day attack onLondon and theNazis still didn’t win.This was Hitler’sfirst defeat.
  8. 8. The invention of radar was an effective tool for tracking enemy planes .Britain got a smuggled German Enigma code making machine.Now they could understand the Nazis’ encrypted messages.
  9. 9. Lend-Lease Act 1941• 1935-1937 US Is neutral BY LAW• 1941, Britain is the only Ally left, the outcome of the war could still be a Nazi Europe• 1941 Lend-Lease Act gets involved• US businesses can now sell weapons to the Allies, but they have to pick them up here.
  10. 10. Greer Incident 1941• German submarine fires on the US destroyer Greer• It is not the first time U-boats fire on American ships in World War II• Greer was not innocent• President Roosevelt then ordered the Navy to shoot U-boats on sight.• US is now more involved, but this is not a declaration of war --- yet.
  11. 11. Greer Incident 1941 USS Greer
  12. 12. Barbarossa 1941Germany invades the Soviet Union
  13. 13. Leningrad Blockade 1941-1944• Germans fully encircled the city• Attacked the city for 900 days• Blockade: cut off from outside world• Winter: no heating, no water supply, almost no electricity and very little food• City did not surrender
  14. 14. Stalingrad1942-1943• Germans encircled city• Inner city fighting• Red Army surrounded Germans and won the battle
  15. 15. Allies Invade Italy 1943 • Mussolini was arrested by the Fascist party • Nazis rescued him and put him in northern Italy.
  16. 16. D-Day Invasion 1944 • Mussolini was arrested by the Fascist party • Nazis rescued him and put him in northern Italy.
  17. 17. D-Day Invasion 1944 • Germans expected an invasion • We made them think it would come from Dover • Check out the inflatable tank • We attacked at Normandy
  18. 18. Battle Of The Bulge 1944 • Allies took back France • Hitler was fighting both West and East • Germans pushed deep into France • See the bulge?
  19. 19. Germany Surrenders 1945
  20. 20. Germany Surrenders 1945 Hitler commits suicide as Allied troops approach. Mussolini tries to escape to Switzerland, but is captured and hung.
  21. 21. 1. What is lebensraum?a) a city in Germanyb) living spacec) a Nazi generald) a kind of sandwich
  22. 22. 2. Anschluss isa) a Russian winterb) racism against Jewsc) the joining of Austria and Germanyd) a river in Czechoslovakia
  23. 23. 3.The Blitzkrieg on Poland was important becausea) Poland had never been in a war beforeb) Hitler never authorized itc) It was the start of fighting in World War IId) Russia tried to stop it
  24. 24. 4. In 1936, Hitler sent troops to occupy a river valley between Germany and France calleda) The Rhinelandb) The Winelandc) Seine River Valleyd) Versailles Canyon
  25. 25. 5. Hitler wanted the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia becausea) It had too many Jews in itb) He wanted the treesc) He used to live thered) There were Germans living there
  26. 26. 6. Trying to solve a problem by giving someone what they want is calleda) apportionmentb) appeasementc) aftershockd) punchless
  27. 27. 7. After attacking Poland, Hitler next attackeda) the Soviet Unionb) Britainc) North Dakotad) France
  28. 28. 8. In 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a nonaggression pact becausea) they have always been friendsb) they wanted to divide up Polandc) the United States made themd) they needed money
  29. 29. 9. After World War I, the Weimar Republic wasa) Germany’s official governmentb) A country in Africac) Hitler’s political partyd) a Dutch trading company
  30. 30. 10. When Hitler was in prison, he wrote a book titleda) Nightb) Mein Kampfc) Germany Over Alld) Supersize Me