World War IIThere are three parts to this unit.1.European nonviolence2.European violence3.The PacificChapter 15, Section 2 through 4Chapter 16, Section 1 through 4
Part 1:European Nonviolence• Your goal: Understand what led up to the battles of World War II.
Nonviolence, 1919–1939 Time Line 1919 Weimar 1933 Hitler 1936 1938 1938 Munich Republic named German Rome-Berlin Sudetenland Conference established. chancellor. axis1919 1939 1929 Great 1936 Rhineland 1938 Anschluss 1939 Germany and Depression Soviet Union sign begins. nonaggression pact.
What’s wrong with the Treaty of Versailles?1. Impossible interest2. Great Depression3. All war guilt on Germany4. Germany did not agree to it.5. Not everyone gets paid.
Hitler took a chance.He guessed that theLeague of Nationswouldn’t try to stop him.1936: Hitler senttroops to the Rhineland. He was right. Nobody stopped him.
Rhineland definitionWhat is it? River valley between Germany and FranceHow does it relate to World War II? Hitler sent troops there in 1936 before the war began.Why is it important? The Treaty of Versailles prohibited troops in the Rhineland, but when Hitler invaded, the League of Nations did nothing to stop him.
Rome-Berlin AxisWhat is it? An alliance between Italy and Germany.How does it relate to World War II? It began in 1936 after Hitler occupied the Rhineland. It joined Hitler and Mussolini as allies during World War II.Why is it important? Mussolini saw Hitler’s growing strength and thought it best to join forces. This is where the potential for world war increased dramatically.
SudetenlandRemember Hitler’splan to unifyall Germans?There were lotsof Germans in Hitler demandedthe Sudetenland. that Czechoslovakia give him the Sudetenland.
Munich ConferenceFrance and Britainprepared for war todefendCzechoslovakia.Mussolini suggestedthey talk it out. In 1938, Britain, France, Germany and Italy met
Munich ConferenceHitler convincedFrance and Britainthat he would besatisfied with theSudetenland, andwould not push formore. France and Britain thought that they had avoided war by giving Hitler what he wanted.
Trying to resolvea conflict bygiving someonewhat they wantis calledappeasement British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
Many peoplein the USbelieved weshouldn’t getinvolved. isolationismDidn’t welearn fromWorld War I?
NonaggressionPact -- 1939Hitler and Stalinagreed to befriends for 10 years.They did NOT likeeach other.Hitler got part ofPoland, and oneless enemy.Stalin got part ofPoland. Wonder How Long the Honeymoon Will Last?