Unit5 suffering part 4b

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Unit5 suffering part 4b

  1. 1. Manhattan ProjectWhat Is It? Nuclear fission bomb project in New Mexico 1942- 1945How does it relate to World War II? It provided the two nuclear bombs dropped on Japan in 1945.Why is it important? It was the first successful attempt at creating nuclear weapons.
  2. 2. We knew the world would not be the same. A few people laughed, a few people cried, most people were silent. I remembered the line from the Hindu scripture … Vishnu … takes on his multi-armed form and says, "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds." I suppose we all thought that, one way or another. J. Robert Oppenheimer
  3. 3. HiroshimaWhat Is It? A city in Japan with over 400,000 people. That’s the size of Sacramento today.How does it relate to World War II? In 1945, the US dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, killing one third of the population.Why is it important? It was the first time an atomic bomb had been used in warfare.
  4. 4. NagasakiWhat Is It? A city in Japan.How does it relate to World War II? The US dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, three days after the bombing of Hiroshima.Why is it important? It was the last time an atomic bomb has been used in warfare.
  5. 5. The bombing What do you think happened? How did this change the world?
  6. 6. Hiroshima What do you think happened? How did this change the world?
  7. 7. Hiroshima What do you think happened? How did this change the world?
  8. 8. Hiroshima
  9. 9. Many people were vaporized, leaving only a shadow where they were.Hiroshima There were no bodies near ground zero.
  10. 10. Hiroshima The ones who died were the lucky ones. The survivors suffered horribly.
  11. 11. Many people werevaporized, leaving only ashadow where they were.There were no bodies nearground zero.
  12. 12. Survivors suffer:•Hair loss•Nerve damage•Intestinal damage•Nausea•Headache•Diarrhea•Vulnerable to disease•Cancer•Cataracts•Leukemia•Birth defects•Premature aging•Emotional damage
  13. 13. The consequences:•Buildings burn.•People die or get sick.•Japan surrenders.•The rest of the world wants the same powerful weapon.•The rest of the world wants the same clean energy.
  14. 14. The most important consequence.• World War II ended
  15. 15. How was the decision made?• People had to decide whether the suffering caused by the bomb would be worth the value of what it might achieve.
  16. 16. Cost Benefit AnalysisDropping the atomic bomb on JapanCosts Benefits
  17. 17. Cost Benefit Analysis of dropping the atomic bomb on JapanCosts• $2 billion dollars• Up to 200,000 people killed• Civilians killed• Radiation illness, cancer, burns, etc.• Domestic and International criticism
  18. 18. Cost Benefit Analysis of dropping the atomic bomb on JapanBenefits• Saved 1 million American lives• Saved the cost of a land invasion of Japan• Ended WWII immediately• Convinced the Japanese to surrender• Showed the world the strength of the US• Demonstrated what the $2 billion was spent on
  19. 19. Cost Benefit Analysis of dropping the atomic bomb on JapanRisks• Maybe the bomb doesn’t work• Maybe spies give the bomb to an enemy• Maybe scientists working on the bomb die while still developing it• Maybe the bomb blows up at the wrong place or time• Maybe the bomb starts a nuclear chain reaction that destroys the entire planet
  20. 20. Other examples of human cost• Imperialism• Munich Conference• Capitalism• Stalin’s Five Year Plans

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