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Origins of us govt part 5
 

Origins of us govt part 5

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    Origins of us govt part 5 Origins of us govt part 5 Presentation Transcript

    • Part 5: ConstitutionPart 5: Constitution  Your goal: Be able to describeYour goal: Be able to describe the Constitutional system ofthe Constitutional system of separated and shared powers.separated and shared powers.
    • Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention  Delegates met toDelegates met to reviserevise the Articles ofthe Articles of Confederation, to make aConfederation, to make a more effective government.more effective government.  The ConstitutionalThe Constitutional Convention met May, 25,Convention met May, 25, 1787.1787.  They were NOT supposedThey were NOT supposed to write a new constitution.to write a new constitution.
    • Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention ““for the sole and express purpose offor the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles ofrevising the Articles of Confederation and reporting toConfederation and reporting to Congress … when agreed to inCongress … when agreed to in Congress … to render the [ArticlesCongress … to render the [Articles of Confederation] adequate to …of Confederation] adequate to … preservation of the Union.”preservation of the Union.” The United States Congress Assembled, February 21, 1787
    • Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention  Key AgreementsKey Agreements  Articles of Confederation couldn’t be fixedArticles of Confederation couldn’t be fixed  New government was neededNew government was needed  Increased power of central governmentIncreased power of central government  Power needed to be divided between 3 branchesPower needed to be divided between 3 branches  Power of states to coin money or interfere withPower of states to coin money or interfere with creditor’s rights would be limitedcreditor’s rights would be limited  Absolute Secrecy – 20 year code of silenceAbsolute Secrecy – 20 year code of silence
    •  James Madison wasJames Madison was a strong advocate ofa strong advocate of a strong nationala strong national government.government.  He is called “theHe is called “the father of thefather of the Constitution” becauseConstitution” because he was the author ofhe was the author of the basic plan ofthe basic plan of government that wasgovernment that was eventually adopted.eventually adopted.
    •  The delegates came to theThe delegates came to the agreement that they shouldagreement that they should begin a new government.begin a new government.
    •  They agreed that the newThey agreed that the new government should be limitedgovernment should be limited and representative;and representative;  3 branches of government;3 branches of government; limit the state’s power whenlimit the state’s power when coining money or interferingcoining money or interfering with creditor’s rights;with creditor’s rights;  they agreed the nationalthey agreed the national government should begovernment should be strengthened.strengthened.
    • Virginia PlanVirginia Plan  TheThe Virginia PlanVirginia Plan proposed aproposed a government based on 3 principles:government based on 3 principles:  (1.) a strong national legislature(1.) a strong national legislature with 2 chambers – lower housewith 2 chambers – lower house chosen by the people and anchosen by the people and an upper house chosen by the lowerupper house chosen by the lower house;house;  (2.) a strong national executive(2.) a strong national executive chosen by the national legislature;chosen by the national legislature; andand  (3.) a national judiciary chosen by(3.) a national judiciary chosen by the legislature.the legislature.
    • Virginia PlanVirginia Plan  TheThe Virginia PlanVirginia Plan  It became the basis for theIt became the basis for the Constitution.Constitution.  It favored the larger statesIt favored the larger states population wise.population wise.
    • New Jersey PlanNew Jersey Plan  TheThe New Jersey PlanNew Jersey Plan wantedwanted to keep the unicameralto keep the unicameral legislature, with one vote eachlegislature, with one vote each state;state;  Congress could levy taxes andCongress could levy taxes and regulate trade; a weakregulate trade; a weak executive with more than oneexecutive with more than one person would be picked byperson would be picked by congress;congress;  and a national judiciary wouldand a national judiciary would appointed by the executive.appointed by the executive.
    • New Jersey PlanNew Jersey Plan  TheThe New Jersey PlanNew Jersey Plan  This plan favored the smallerThis plan favored the smaller states – gave equality. The Va.states – gave equality. The Va. Plan favored larger states.Plan favored larger states.
    • Connecticut CompromiseConnecticut Compromise  The ConnecticutThe Connecticut CompromiseCompromise suggestedsuggested the legislative branchthe legislative branch have 2 houseshave 2 houses  a House ofa House of Representatives basedRepresentatives based on population, and aon population, and a Senate with 2 rep. perSenate with 2 rep. per state picked by thestate picked by the legislature.legislature.
    • Connecticut CompromiseConnecticut Compromise  Larger states had theLarger states had the advantage in the House;advantage in the House; smaller were protected in thesmaller were protected in the Senate with equalSenate with equal representation.representation.
    • Three-fifths CompromiseThree-fifths Compromise  TheThe Three-fifthsThree-fifths CompromiseCompromise ended theended the debate on the number ofdebate on the number of representatives a staterepresentatives a state would get in the House.would get in the House.
    • Three-fifths CompromiseThree-fifths Compromise  Three-fifths of theThree-fifths of the enslaved peoples wouldenslaved peoples would be counted for taxes andbe counted for taxes and the purpose ofthe purpose of representation.representation.
    •  June 21, 1788, theJune 21, 1788, the Constitution goes intoConstitution goes into effect when Neweffect when New Hampshire becameHampshire became the ninth state to ratifythe ninth state to ratify it.it.
    •  The political debateThe political debate ended may 29, 1790ended may 29, 1790 when Rhode Islandwhen Rhode Island agreed to approve it.agreed to approve it.
    •  Two opposing viewpointsTwo opposing viewpoints arose about thearose about the Constitution:Constitution: Anti-Anti- federalistsfederalists andand Federalists.Federalists.  The Anti-federalists saidThe Anti-federalists said the Constitution wasthe Constitution was drafted in secrecy anddrafted in secrecy and waswas extralegal,extralegal, notnot sanctioned by law. Theysanctioned by law. They were against it.were against it.
    •  The FederalistsThe Federalists argued that a strongargued that a strong national governmentnational government was to stopwas to stop anarchy,anarchy, political disorder.political disorder. They were for theThey were for the Constitution. TheyConstitution. They promised a Bill ofpromised a Bill of Rights added to it.Rights added to it.