Current status of research in the Arab world  region
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Current status of research in the Arab world region

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A presentation delivered in 2004 at a conference in Saudi Arabia...I wonder..did anything change in the last 8 years?

A presentation delivered in 2004 at a conference in Saudi Arabia...I wonder..did anything change in the last 8 years?

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Current status of research in the Arab world  region Current status of research in the Arab world region Presentation Transcript

  • CURRENT STATUS OFRESEARCH IN THE ARABWORLD REGIONPROF. WALID MAANIDEPARTMENT OF NEUROSURGERYFACULTY OF MEDICINEUNIVERSITY OF JORDANSaudi Medical Journal 25th Anniversary Event2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In The EasternMediterranean Region
  • STUDIES  The Arab World’s Scientific Desert, Daniel Del Castillo, The Chronicle of Higher Education,2004  Research in the Who East Mediterranean Region, where do we stand? Basim Yaqub, Saudi Medical Journal,2004  Brain Drain Threatens Future of Arab Science, GCSS,2004  Arab Human Development Report, UNDP,2003 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 2
  • FACTS No Arab country spends more than 0.2% 0f its DNP on its scientific research, the USA, Israel spend 10 times more. The Arab world spends $4 per person on research, whereas it is $12,000 in the USA. Less than 25% of Arab university students study sciences. There are only 20 computers per 1,000 people in the Arab world, with a global average of 78. Around 370 patents were registered in Arab countries in the last 20 years, South Korea had 16,000 in the same period. 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 3
  • FACTS  Arab Universities spend 1% of their budget on research, while USA universities spend 40%.  There are 8,000 researchers in the Arab world, compared to 400,000 in the USA.  Around 10.000 books were translated into Arabic in the last 1,000 years, Spain translates the same number each year. 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 4
  • FACTS  Brain drain from the Arab world is 30% of developing countries drain to the west.  45% of Arab students do not go back to their countries after graduating abroad. 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 5
  • What do famous Arab scientists-whomade it in a different environment- say?  “The teaching of science in the Arab world is a disaster right now”. Farouk el Baz  “Availability of funding, resources, encouragement, the environment and the want to achieve were major factors in making me what I am”. Ahmad Zewail 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 6
  • What Do Officials and Organizations inthe Arab World Say?  “The crisis facing the region is real and very serious and the road is long, that’s why Arab nations should double their efforts to further development” Amr Mousa  “If the 10.000 Egyptian who work abroad in the medical and biotechnology sector come back, it would be enough to start a technological revolution in Egypt” Kamel Gouda  “In the sciences, not only is Arab production very limited, but also what is produced is often irrelevant” Reema Khalaf 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 7
  • Is It True?  Dr. Abdus Salam, was asked, "What happened to Islamic Science?" He replied "Nothing. What we cultivated in Isfahan and Cordoba is now being cultivated in MIT, Caltech and at Imperial College, London. Its just a geographical translation of place." 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 8
  • Why Are We In The Situation That We AreIn?  Is it that we have more important concerns than science and scientific research?  Is it that we have the resources to buy the products of science, so why bother trying to create them?  Is it that, even if we wanted, we do not have the capability to conduct research?  Is it that our educational systems are not geared to produce the human power capable of conducting research? 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 9
  • Is It Correct To Say? Unless the educational system in schools is changed to critical thinking, we will continue to produce students who copy but not think? Unless the university instructional methods are changed to emphasize self learning and research, the university graduate will not differ from a high school student? Unless promotion of university staff is tied to quality research published in international journals, the role of universities in development will remain meager? 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 10
  • Is It Correct To Say? Unless the universities’ research be part of the national development plan, then all efforts will be fragmented and non-relevant? Unless the sabbatical leaves granted by universities are spent in actual monitored research in recognized labs, then it is a waste of time and money to grant the leaves. Unless the right environment for research is created, then we will continue to lament our bad fortune? 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 11
  • Is It Correct To Say? That the Arab private sector still posses the mentality of the street vendor, who wants to earn as much to take home? That our reliance on “foreign experts” did not give a chance to our experts to prove their capabilities? That our political fragmentation, reflected it self on the lack of joint major research projects? 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 12
  • Since We Know All Of This, What Shall We Do To rectify The Situation? A six track policy should be adopted nationally and regionally Reform the school educational system. Reform the university systems. Involve research institutions in the national development plans. Involve the private sector in research and its finance. Allocate more resources to research. Create inter-Arab scientific research bodies. 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 13
  • But All of Us Know This The following major reports diagnosed the problems and suggested the solutions:  The final communiqué of the meeting of the Arab ministers of Higher Education and Scientific Research held in Cairo 24th -27th, Dec. 2001  The Final communiqué of the International Arab Conference on Information Technology, held in Jordan 13th - 15th Nov. 2001  The UNDP, Arab Human Development Report, 2003 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 14
  • But, was enough done to remedy thesituation? THE SIMPLE ANSWER IS NO 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 15
  • Steps taken, which should be emulated,and supported  The creation of the Arab Science and Technology Foundation.  The imposition, through legislation, on companies in certain Arab countries of R&D allocation as a percentage of their annual profits.  The creation of pan-Arab scientific journals.  The shy steps of networking in certain professional groups. 2nd Regional Conference On Medical Journals In 16