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Circassia, Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing - Part 1
 

Circassia, Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing - Part 1

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  • كل الشكر والتقدير والإمتنان للأخ وليد هاكوز على هذه الجهود القومية الشركسية الإعلامية التوعوية في كافة المحافل المحلية والدولية
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  • Dear Walid
    you have done a wonderful job by publishing these enlightening presentations... I congratulate you for their high quality... you translated the text from different languages to English which is not an easy task... I’m proud of you .. You have a big loyalty to our history which is I valued allot... Keep the good work ..God bless you ..
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    Circassia, Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing - Part 1 Circassia, Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing - Part 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Circassia Ethnic Cleansing & Genocide Walid Hakouz Part I Toronto - Canada 2011
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    • Introduction
      • 1763 - Russians invaded the city of Mozdok , in the eastern Circassia , which was the beginning of the Russian-Circassian War .
      • 1774 - As a result to the Russian-Turkish War , the Kaynarca Kuchuk treaty, attached Kabarda , the eastern part of Circassia , under the Russian rule.
      • 1787 - After the Russian-Turkish War , the northern Circassia was occupied, and Anapa city was attacked.
    • Circassia Resisting
      • 1796 – After the Russian-Persian War, Astrakhan was invaded, and Derbant was occupied.
      • 1801 – Russians invaded Georgia, and as a result of Turkmenchia treaty, Georgia was occupied in 1828 .
      • 1829 - After the Russian-Turkish War, and as a result of Adrianople, Anapa city was concurred, and Circassian Black Sea coast, was blocked.
      • Russians forces marched from the occupied territories of Circassia “ Kabarda ” by the end of the Crimean War
      • Ethnic cleansing and destruction started.
      • Settling the Kozaks in the Circassian villages.
      • 1856 – Circassian migrating started.
      • 1862 – Circassian deportation started .
      Circassian Migration
    • Circassian Mass Migration
      • Published a report dated Feb. 7 th 1860, that, 20,000 Circcassian immigrants had disembarked in Istanbul.
      • Pointed to a letter dated Aug. 14 th 1860, that, more thousands of Circassian refugees are expected.
      • Reported, that, hundreds of them drowned in the Black Sea due to the storms.
      Headline of the Levant Herald in London – 1860. “Circassian Mass Migration”
    • According to Hermann Daniel , his estimate of the Circassian depurated to the Ottoman Empire during 1856 – 1878 is: 1,008,000. Among them : 595,000 they were re-settled in the European Ottoman area. “ 1,008,000 ” German Consul General Hermann Daniel
      • He estimated the number of Circassians depurated :
      • During 1855 – 1865, the total : 300,000.
      • During 1864 alone, the total : 700,000.
      • During this time, 100,000 died, and drowned.
      • “ 900,000 ”
      Italian Consul General A. Ubicini
    • He estimated the total number of deported Circassians from Circassia are one million, and, that 600,000 had arrived into Turkey, and that, 400,000 were settled in the European parts of Turkey. “ 1,000,000 ” Turkish Historian Salah Deen Bey
    • According to a French source, the Illustrated News , published a report in it’s winter issue – 1876 , that, the Ottoman Authorities finally admitted set telling 595,000 Circassians in Bulgaria , Albania , and Sirbia . Moreover, a total of 400,000 Circassians were settled in the Anadoul and other areas. “ 995,000 ” The Illustrated News
      • He estimates the total Circassians deported during:
      • 1858 – 1863 : from all Black Sea ports
      • 493,197
      • 1863 – 1864 : from Anapa, and Sochi ports
      • 332,068
      • " 825,265 "
      Turkish Historian A. P. Berzhe
    • Circassian Exodus
    • Circassians Deportees , Sochi Port - 1864 14,190 6,359 7,831 1,870 Grand Total 1501 799 706 382 795 417 96 100 Abadzakh Bzhadug 20/11 Ta’ef 2300 1013 1287 213 Abadzakh 20/11 Majeedieh 300 139 161 50 Abadzakh 15/11 Naft Baqri 344 169 165 24 Abadzakh 10/11 Shat Yaylo 380 177 203 51 Abadzakh 10/11 Asheel Ghilat 2500 1148 1352 319 Abadzakh 8/11 Sunjk Shadi 1640 410 633 180 1007 230 234 86 Abadzakh Shapsug 20/10 Majeedieh 2200 1003 1197 401 Abadzakh 20/10 Ta’ef 410 1416 181 639 229 777 73 223 Abadzakh Shapsug 14/10 Sunjk Shadi Total Female Male Famiy Clan Date Ship
    • Circassian Genocide & Ethnic Cleansing Committed by Tsarist Russia deported more than 1,000,000 Circassians