AIR BARRIER  PAPER IS THE WATER RESISTANT PAPER INSTALLED OVER SHEATHING AND UNDER SIDING OR SHINGLES TO INSULATE IN THE H...
SOFFIT  VENTS ARE USED TO VENT AIR OUT OF ATTICS THROUGH THE SOFFIT.
Ridge Vents  are used to vent air out of attics at the ridge of the roof. It is most commonly seen on hip roofs.
Gable Vents  are used to vent air through the gable of the house
Roof turbines  are used to vent air through the roof.
A  BACKHOE  IS A MACHINE USED TO DIG LARGE DEEP HOLES WITH THE USE OF HYDRAULICS THAT CONTROL AN ARM WITH A BUCKET ON THE ...
BATTER BOARDS  ARE A TEMPORARY FRAME BUILT JUST OUTSIDE THE CORNER OF AN EXCAVATION TO CARRY MARKS THAT LIE ON THE SURFACE...
BRICK ARCH #1 GOTHIC ARCH
BRICK ARCH #2 PARABOLIC ARCH
ARCH WITH KEYSTONE ROMAN ARCH
CENTERING  IS TEMPORARY FORMWORK FOR AN ARCH, DOME, OR VAULT.
This is a flemish bond. In a flemish bond every other brick on each course is a rowlock.
This pattern is much like a flemish bond but has four courses of running bonds in between every flemish bond.
Rowlocks
Headers
Soldiers
Sailors
Stretcher rowlock (shiner)
Bick Size #1  Modular: 3 ½  x 7 ½ x 2 ¼
Brick Size #2 Closest on chart is Utility: 3 ½ x 11 ½ x 3 ½
A  bulldozer  is a machine that runs on tracks with a blade on the front used to bush dirt around and roughly level a sight.
Brick Clad Structure
EIFS
Stone Clad Structure Random Ashlar
Wood Board Clad Structure
Wood Shingle Clad Structure Wood Shake : a single board to be used as cladding by overlapping with many more differentiate...
29” x 30” = 870sq.”  20” AFF IBC requirements: Must have opening of 5.7 square feet unless sill is below 44”. This window ...
Riser height: 7 ½” Tread depth: 10 ¾” IBC  requires that a stair with a nosing have a maximum riser height of  7 ¾” and a ...
A  CONTROL JOINT  IS AN INTENTIONAL, LINEAR DISCONTINUITY IN A STRUCTURE OR COMPONENT, DESIGNED TO FORM A PLANE OF WEAKNES...
AN  ISOLATION JOINT  IS A CONCRETE JOINT THAT SEPARATES TWO POURS WITH A FIBER MATERIAL IN ORDER TO PROTECT EACH SLAB FROM...
A  CONCRETE MASONRY  UNIT IS A BLOCK OF HARDENED CONCRETE, WITH OR WITHOUT HOLLOW CORES, DESIGNED TO BE LAID IN THE SAME M...
A  CONCRETE MASONRY  UNIT IS A BLOCK OF HARDENED CONCRETE, WITH OR WITHOUT HOLLOW CORES, DESIGNED TO BE LAID IN THE SAME M...
Ribbed block  Split Block
Panel Stile Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom Rail Flush Door  Ext. Panel Door
A  TRANSOM  IS A SMALL WINDOW DIRECTLY ABOVE A DOOR. A  SIDELIGHT  IS A TALL NARROW WINDOW DIRECTLY ALONG SIDE A DOOR.
Underground transformer box Transfers power from main electrical lines to the service head.
Service head Routes wires from guideline to the power meter
Meter The meter monitors the amount of power used by a household.
Service Panel Houses breakers that routes the electricity to each load.
Duplex Receptacle Transfers electricity from wires in wall to load.
#1 Anchor Bolt
#2 Sill Plate
#3 Floor Joist
#4 Subflooring
#5 Sole Plate
#6 Stud
#7 Top Plate
#8 Ceiling Joist
#9 Rafter
#10 Roof Decking
#11 Sheathing
#12 Stringer
A  front end loader  is a machine that runs on tracks used to move massive amounts of dirt/fill in a large bucket. It is u...
GYPSUM BOARD  IS INTERIOR FACING PANELS. CONSISTING OF A GYPSUM CORE SANDWICHED BETWEEN PAPER FACES.
One advantage of heat pumps is they have rapid response times. One disadvantage of electric heat pumps is they are noisy. ...
Air Handling Unit : pulls air from return duct and moves it over cooling or heating coils and then back into the house.
Insulation  is material placed in walls ceilings and floors to create an envelope that minimizes heat flow. Blanket insula...
Loose Fill Insulation
Foamed insulation
Rigid Board Insulation
Lintel : a beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening
Mortar Joint #1 Tooled Size: 3/8” Public building Type: N
Mortar Joint #2 Neither tooled nor troweled Size 3/8” Single family housing Type O
OSB  IS A NONVENEERED BUILDING PANEL COMPOSED OF LONG SHREDS OF WOOD FIBER ORIENTED IN SPECIFIC DIRECTIONS AND BONDED TOGE...
Lavatory Uses 1 ½” drain piping
Water Closet Uses 3” drain piping
Manufactured Tub
Plumbing Roof Vent The vent allows for waste to flow through pipes without creating a vacuum in the pipes.
Kitchen Sink Drop-in
PLYWOOD  IS A WOOD PANEL COMPOSED OF AN ODD NUMBER OF LAYERS OF WOOD VENEER BONDED TOGETHER UNDER PRESSURE. Veneer : A thi...
A  RADIANT BARRIER  IS A REFLECTIVE FOIL PLACED ADJACENT TO AN AIRSPACE IN ROOF OR WALL ASSEMBLIES AS A DETERRENT TO THE P...
½” Rebar #4 The deformations in the rebar give the concrete a surface to bond to.
A  GUTTER  IS A CHANNEL THAT COLLECTS RAIN WATER AND SNOWMELT AT THE EAVE OF A ROOF. A  DOWNSPOUT  IS A VERTICAL PIPE FOR ...
UNDERLAYMENT  IS A LAYER OF WATERPROOF MATERIAL SUCH AS BUILDING FELT BETWEEN ROOF SHEATHING AND ROOFING. UNDERLAYMENT IS ...
Clay tile roof
A  SHINGLE  IS A SMALL UNIT OF WATER-RESISTANT MATERIAL NAILED IN OVERLAPPING FASHION WITH MANY OTHER SUCH UNITS TO RENDER...
Metal Panel Roof Aluminized Steel
Gable Roof
Gambrel
Hip
Mansard
A  RIDGE  IS THE LEVEL INTERSECTION OF TWO ROOF PLANES IN A GABLE ROOF.   A  VALLEY  IS A TROUGH FORMED BY THE INTERSECTIO...
AN  EAVE  IS THE HORIZONTAL EDGE OF THE LOW SIDE OF A SLOPING ROOF. A  RAKE  IS THE SLOPING EDGE OF A STEEP ROOF. SOFFIT  ...
Fascia : The exposed vertical face of an eave With Fascia Without Fascia
Random Rubble  Coursed Rubble
Random Ashlar  Coursed Ashlar
Vapor Retarder : Obstructs the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. Most commonly put on the interior side ...
Waterproofing : keeps groundwater from penetrating through a buildings foundation. Liquid applied (brushed on)
A  WEEP HOLE  IS A SMALL OPENING INA A BRICK VENEER WHOSE PURPOSE IS TO PERMIT DRAINAGE OF WATER THAT ACCUMULATES INSIDE A...
WWF 2”x4”
Window #1 Type:Casement It cranks open vertically
Window #2 Type: Single Hung To open this window the bottom sash is slid up.
Window #3 Type: Awning To open this window it is swung out and up.
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Visual Dictionary-waler

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Visual Dictionary-waler

  1. 2. AIR BARRIER PAPER IS THE WATER RESISTANT PAPER INSTALLED OVER SHEATHING AND UNDER SIDING OR SHINGLES TO INSULATE IN THE HOUSE. THE PAPER IS ALSO WATERPROOFING THE HOUSE.
  2. 3. SOFFIT VENTS ARE USED TO VENT AIR OUT OF ATTICS THROUGH THE SOFFIT.
  3. 4. Ridge Vents are used to vent air out of attics at the ridge of the roof. It is most commonly seen on hip roofs.
  4. 5. Gable Vents are used to vent air through the gable of the house
  5. 6. Roof turbines are used to vent air through the roof.
  6. 7. A BACKHOE IS A MACHINE USED TO DIG LARGE DEEP HOLES WITH THE USE OF HYDRAULICS THAT CONTROL AN ARM WITH A BUCKET ON THE END. WIDTH OF BUCKET: 22”
  7. 8. BATTER BOARDS ARE A TEMPORARY FRAME BUILT JUST OUTSIDE THE CORNER OF AN EXCAVATION TO CARRY MARKS THAT LIE ON THE SURFACE PLANES OF THE BASEMENT THAT WILL BE BUILT IN THE EXCAVATION.
  8. 9. BRICK ARCH #1 GOTHIC ARCH
  9. 10. BRICK ARCH #2 PARABOLIC ARCH
  10. 11. ARCH WITH KEYSTONE ROMAN ARCH
  11. 12. CENTERING IS TEMPORARY FORMWORK FOR AN ARCH, DOME, OR VAULT.
  12. 13. This is a flemish bond. In a flemish bond every other brick on each course is a rowlock.
  13. 14. This pattern is much like a flemish bond but has four courses of running bonds in between every flemish bond.
  14. 15. Rowlocks
  15. 16. Headers
  16. 17. Soldiers
  17. 18. Sailors
  18. 19. Stretcher rowlock (shiner)
  19. 20. Bick Size #1 Modular: 3 ½ x 7 ½ x 2 ¼
  20. 21. Brick Size #2 Closest on chart is Utility: 3 ½ x 11 ½ x 3 ½
  21. 22. A bulldozer is a machine that runs on tracks with a blade on the front used to bush dirt around and roughly level a sight.
  22. 23. Brick Clad Structure
  23. 24. EIFS
  24. 25. Stone Clad Structure Random Ashlar
  25. 26. Wood Board Clad Structure
  26. 27. Wood Shingle Clad Structure Wood Shake : a single board to be used as cladding by overlapping with many more differentiated planks Wood Shingle : a board used as cladding that is overlapped with similar boards. This house uses wood shakes.
  27. 28. 29” x 30” = 870sq.” 20” AFF IBC requirements: Must have opening of 5.7 square feet unless sill is below 44”. This window meets these requirements
  28. 29. Riser height: 7 ½” Tread depth: 10 ¾” IBC requires that a stair with a nosing have a maximum riser height of 7 ¾” and a minimum tread depth of 10” so these stairs meet the code.
  29. 30. A CONTROL JOINT IS AN INTENTIONAL, LINEAR DISCONTINUITY IN A STRUCTURE OR COMPONENT, DESIGNED TO FORM A PLANE OF WEAKNESS WHERE CRACKING CAN OCCUR IN RESPONSE TO VARIOUS FORCES SO AS TO MINIMIZE OR ELIMINATE CRACKING ELSEWHERE IN THE STRUCTURE.
  30. 31. AN ISOLATION JOINT IS A CONCRETE JOINT THAT SEPARATES TWO POURS WITH A FIBER MATERIAL IN ORDER TO PROTECT EACH SLAB FROM SHIFTS AND MOVEMENTS IN THE OTHER. HERE TWO SLABS POURED AT DIFFERENT TIMES ARE BEING SEPARATED
  31. 32. A CONCRETE MASONRY UNIT IS A BLOCK OF HARDENED CONCRETE, WITH OR WITHOUT HOLLOW CORES, DESIGNED TO BE LAID IN THE SAME MANNER AS BRICK OR STONE. TYPICAL DIMENSIONS: 7 5/8 X 7 5/8 X 15 5/8
  32. 33. A CONCRETE MASONRY UNIT IS A BLOCK OF HARDENED CONCRETE, WITH OR WITHOUT HOLLOW CORES, DESIGNED TO BE LAID IN THE SAME MANNER AS BRICK OR STONE. Different size CMU than previous slide
  33. 34. Ribbed block Split Block
  34. 35. Panel Stile Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom Rail Flush Door Ext. Panel Door
  35. 36. A TRANSOM IS A SMALL WINDOW DIRECTLY ABOVE A DOOR. A SIDELIGHT IS A TALL NARROW WINDOW DIRECTLY ALONG SIDE A DOOR.
  36. 37. Underground transformer box Transfers power from main electrical lines to the service head.
  37. 38. Service head Routes wires from guideline to the power meter
  38. 39. Meter The meter monitors the amount of power used by a household.
  39. 40. Service Panel Houses breakers that routes the electricity to each load.
  40. 41. Duplex Receptacle Transfers electricity from wires in wall to load.
  41. 42. #1 Anchor Bolt
  42. 43. #2 Sill Plate
  43. 44. #3 Floor Joist
  44. 45. #4 Subflooring
  45. 46. #5 Sole Plate
  46. 47. #6 Stud
  47. 48. #7 Top Plate
  48. 49. #8 Ceiling Joist
  49. 50. #9 Rafter
  50. 51. #10 Roof Decking
  51. 52. #11 Sheathing
  52. 53. #12 Stringer
  53. 54. A front end loader is a machine that runs on tracks used to move massive amounts of dirt/fill in a large bucket. It is used to load trucks and move materials on a jobsite. It differs from a backhoe in that it has a much larger bucket that it pushes instead of pulls. It differs from a bulldozer in that it has a bucket instead of a blade.
  54. 55. GYPSUM BOARD IS INTERIOR FACING PANELS. CONSISTING OF A GYPSUM CORE SANDWICHED BETWEEN PAPER FACES.
  55. 56. One advantage of heat pumps is they have rapid response times. One disadvantage of electric heat pumps is they are noisy. Compressor/Condenser : Compresses refrigerant and runs it through coils then condenses it. This process creates a heat exchange that is used to either heat or cool the house.
  56. 57. Air Handling Unit : pulls air from return duct and moves it over cooling or heating coils and then back into the house.
  57. 58. Insulation is material placed in walls ceilings and floors to create an envelope that minimizes heat flow. Blanket insulation
  58. 59. Loose Fill Insulation
  59. 60. Foamed insulation
  60. 61. Rigid Board Insulation
  61. 62. Lintel : a beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening
  62. 63. Mortar Joint #1 Tooled Size: 3/8” Public building Type: N
  63. 64. Mortar Joint #2 Neither tooled nor troweled Size 3/8” Single family housing Type O
  64. 65. OSB IS A NONVENEERED BUILDING PANEL COMPOSED OF LONG SHREDS OF WOOD FIBER ORIENTED IN SPECIFIC DIRECTIONS AND BONDED TOGETHER UNDER PRESSURE.
  65. 66. Lavatory Uses 1 ½” drain piping
  66. 67. Water Closet Uses 3” drain piping
  67. 68. Manufactured Tub
  68. 69. Plumbing Roof Vent The vent allows for waste to flow through pipes without creating a vacuum in the pipes.
  69. 70. Kitchen Sink Drop-in
  70. 71. PLYWOOD IS A WOOD PANEL COMPOSED OF AN ODD NUMBER OF LAYERS OF WOOD VENEER BONDED TOGETHER UNDER PRESSURE. Veneer : A thin layer, sheet or facing
  71. 72. A RADIANT BARRIER IS A REFLECTIVE FOIL PLACED ADJACENT TO AN AIRSPACE IN ROOF OR WALL ASSEMBLIES AS A DETERRENT TO THE PASSAGE OF INFRARED ENERGY.
  72. 73. ½” Rebar #4 The deformations in the rebar give the concrete a surface to bond to.
  73. 74. A GUTTER IS A CHANNEL THAT COLLECTS RAIN WATER AND SNOWMELT AT THE EAVE OF A ROOF. A DOWNSPOUT IS A VERTICAL PIPE FOR CONDUCTING WATER FROM A ROOF TO A LOWER LEVEL. A SPLASH BLOCK IS A SMALL PRECAST BLOCK OF CONCRETE OR PLASTIC USED TO DIVERT WATER AT THE BOTTOM OF A DOWNSPOUT.
  74. 75. UNDERLAYMENT IS A LAYER OF WATERPROOF MATERIAL SUCH AS BUILDING FELT BETWEEN ROOF SHEATHING AND ROOFING. UNDERLAYMENT IS ADDED MOISTURE PROTECTION.
  75. 76. Clay tile roof
  76. 77. A SHINGLE IS A SMALL UNIT OF WATER-RESISTANT MATERIAL NAILED IN OVERLAPPING FASHION WITH MANY OTHER SUCH UNITS TO RENDER A SLOPING ROOF WATERTIGHT.
  77. 78. Metal Panel Roof Aluminized Steel
  78. 79. Gable Roof
  79. 80. Gambrel
  80. 81. Hip
  81. 82. Mansard
  82. 83. A RIDGE IS THE LEVEL INTERSECTION OF TWO ROOF PLANES IN A GABLE ROOF. A VALLEY IS A TROUGH FORMED BY THE INTERSECTION OF TWO ROOF SLOPES.
  83. 84. AN EAVE IS THE HORIZONTAL EDGE OF THE LOW SIDE OF A SLOPING ROOF. A RAKE IS THE SLOPING EDGE OF A STEEP ROOF. SOFFIT IS THE UNDERSURFACE OF A HORIZONTAL ELEMENT OF A BUILDING, ESPECIALLY THE UNDERSIDE OF A ROOF OVERHANG.
  84. 85. Fascia : The exposed vertical face of an eave With Fascia Without Fascia
  85. 86. Random Rubble Coursed Rubble
  86. 87. Random Ashlar Coursed Ashlar
  87. 88. Vapor Retarder : Obstructs the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. Most commonly put on the interior side of the insulation.
  88. 89. Waterproofing : keeps groundwater from penetrating through a buildings foundation. Liquid applied (brushed on)
  89. 90. A WEEP HOLE IS A SMALL OPENING INA A BRICK VENEER WHOSE PURPOSE IS TO PERMIT DRAINAGE OF WATER THAT ACCUMULATES INSIDE A BUILDING COMPONENT OR ASSEMBLY.
  90. 91. WWF 2”x4”
  91. 92. Window #1 Type:Casement It cranks open vertically
  92. 93. Window #2 Type: Single Hung To open this window the bottom sash is slid up.
  93. 94. Window #3 Type: Awning To open this window it is swung out and up.

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