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2012Role Of Management In Safety                    By                    Khalid Alhosani                    Waleed Alyafa...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012Contents1     Summary.......................................................................
Role Of Management In Safety 2012Summary This report is to complete the course of health, safety and environment.The subje...
Role Of Management In Safety 20121 IntroductionUnfortunately the safety rules and regulations in any organization are tooo...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012more to avoid harm. The staff have the right to be enough protected fromdanger caused by ...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012from harm.You need to consider a few things:                          1. Can I get rid of...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012      1. A proper check was made.      2. You asked who might be affected.      3. You de...
Role Of Management In Safety 20123 Safety managementThe below figure indicates the five steps of successful safety managem...
Role Of Management In Safety 20123.1 Key elements of safety management3.1.1 Set your policy     The same types of events t...
Role Of Management In Safety 20123.1.2 Step 2: Organize your staff  To make the policy of health and safety more essential...
Role Of Management In Safety 20123.1.3 Step 3: Plan and set standards      Planning is very important in health and safety...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012     Do you have a health and safety plan?     Is health and safety always considered bef...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012     Do you know how well you perform in health and     safety?     How do you know if yo...
Role Of Management In Safety 20124 Total Quality Management   Ensuring the good quality in health and safety management be...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012  After maintaining the manuals that have been produced and distributed,  it’s really imp...
Role Of Management In Safety 20124.3 Relationship between total quality and safety management    The techniques of the saf...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012   It means that you need to improve continuous and also have the right  actions when app...
Role Of Management In Safety 20126 Training on Safety     In 2009, Abu Dhabi distribution company ( ADDC) organized traini...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012   instance, if someone full down and hurt his hands. Golden rule provide   steps to proc...
Role Of Management In Safety 2012Safety committee can also perform the following:To promote and maintain the interest of e...
Role Of Management In Safety 20129 References  1. Codjia, Marquis. "The Role of a Safety Manager." EHow. Demand Media, 08 ...
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Safety Role of management

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  1. 1. 2012Role Of Management In Safety By Khalid Alhosani Waleed Alyafaie MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra 6/3/2012
  2. 2. Role Of Management In Safety 2012Contents1 Summary.................................................................................................................................. 32 Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 43 Risk assessment ..................................................................................................................... 4 3.1 Methods of assessing the risks in work areas: ................................................................ 5 3.1.1 Identify the hazard .................................................................................................... 5 3.1.2 Decide who might be harmed and how .................................................................... 5 3.1.3 Evaluate the risks and decide on precaution ........................................................... 5 3.1.4 Record your findings and implement them ............................................................... 6 3.1.5 Review your assessment and update if necessary ...................................................74 Safety management ................................................................................................................. 8 4.1 Key elements of safety management .............................................................................. 9 4.1.1 Set your policy .......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.2 Step 2: Organize your staff ......................................................................................10 4.1.3 Step 3: Plan and set standards ............................................................................... 11 4.1.4 Step 4: Measure your performance ......................................................................... 12 4.1.5 Step 5: Learn from experience - audit and review .................................................. 135 Total Quality Management ..................................................................................................... 14 5.1 Total Quality Management system challenges ............................................................... 14 5.2 The elements of total management ................................................................................ 15 5.3 Relationship between total quality and safety management .......................................... 166 Company safety policy ............................................................................................................ 17 6.1 Borouge Vision ................................................................................................................ 17 6.2 Borouge safety policy: ..................................................................................................... 177 Training on Safety ..................................................................................................................188 Ethics ......................................................................................................................................189 Safety Committee ................................................................................................................... 19 9.1 Purpose............................................................................................................................ 19 9.2 Safety Committee Duties ................................................................................................. 1910 References .......................................................................................................................... 21 2 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  3. 3. Role Of Management In Safety 2012Summary This report is to complete the course of health, safety and environment.The subject of the report is the role of management in safety. The purposeof the report is to understand and analyze the role of management, safetyplans and HSE programs in minimizing the risk of hazards in the UAEindustries. Safety is very important in any company and especially inindustries. Every industry should have a safety section that control all thehazards and decrease the number of accidents and incidents. 3 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  4. 4. Role Of Management In Safety 20121 IntroductionUnfortunately the safety rules and regulations in any organization are toooften occurring after response to accidents and injuries. A safety managerusually in control of the activities and the operation in the company andindustrial processes and make sure that all these industrial processes andoperations are essential, functional and safe. The safety manager alsoensures that the employees are aware of all safety rules and regulationswhen they work in their duties.Operational Role Safety manager will lead the safety and loss efforts making sure thatthese efforts are within the laws and regulations. If there is an accident inany company, the safety manager also assists in investigating theaccidents and controls the accidents results.Supervisory Role In any project in a company, the safety manager will plan and guidethe workers ensuring them that they work in safe conditions. The manageralso ensures that employees conform to Occupational Safety and HealthAdministration guidelines when performing tasks.2 Risk assessmentRisk assessment is too significant to maintain the safe environment for staffand business as well as to be in line with the law. It will give you clear idea 4to concentrate on the risks that occur in your workplace. Risk assessmentis critical test of what in your work may cause harm and hazard so youthink of whether have enough safety conditions or you need to develop it MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  5. 5. Role Of Management In Safety 2012more to avoid harm. The staff have the right to be enough protected fromdanger caused by technical failure to make measurements in controllingthe problem. On other hands, the law will not expect you to work incompany without risks. However, you should be aware of most risks and tryto minimize it. This happens by significant methods for risk assessment.2.1 Methods of assessing the risks in work areas:2.1.1 Identify the hazardFirstly, you need to work around the area of the work and check what thepossible hazards that may cause harm to the staff are. Secondly, it’s usefulas a safety manager to regularly ask the employees what hazards maycause harm because you may not noticed but other may notice. Anotheruseful approach is to visit the HSE website. HSE website updates any newhazards that cause harm and what are the procedures to control them. Alsoit’s important to check the instructions in the manual of the mechanicalequipments in the work place which will help you to have good picture andaware of the possible hazards and control them.2.1.2 Decide who might be harmed and howConsidering who might be harmed and how will help you in riskmanagement. This doesn’t mean that you will list the names of the staff thatmight be harmed. Only name a specific group. For instance, you need toknow are the workers young, new or disabled people. This will help you tospecify the risks that depend on the workers. Also the cleaners,contractors, visitors and maintenance workers will not always work in sameplace. If you make any activities, you need to think how could be harm.2.1.3 Evaluate the risks and decide on precaution 5After pointing the hazards, you have to know what to do about them. Thelaw allows you to do your decisions that can be used to project the staff MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  6. 6. Role Of Management In Safety 2012from harm.You need to consider a few things: 1. Can I get rid of the hazard altogether? 2. If not, how can I control the risks so that harm is unlikely? 3. Try a less risky option (eg switch to using a less hazardous chemical). 4. Prevent access to the hazard (eg by guarding). 5. Organize work to reduce exposure to the hazard (eg put barriers between Pedestrians and traffic). 6. Issue personal protective equipment (eg clothing, footwear, goggles etc)2.1.4 Record your findings and implement themIt’s very useful when you make practice in risk assessment and record theresults of the practice and this will help to maintain the safety to the peopleand business. You also when you record the findings, share it with the staffand discuss how to improve the level of the safety. In this section, you needto consider and show that: 6 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  7. 7. Role Of Management In Safety 2012 1. A proper check was made. 2. You asked who might be affected. 3. You dealt with all the obvious significant hazards, taking into account the number of people who could be involved. 4. The precautions are reasonable, and the remaining risk is low. and you involved your staff or their representatives in the process.2.1.5 Review your assessment and update if necessaryEvery year, the technology changed and the equipments also changed.Therefore, new hazards will be occur and should be considered. So youneed to check if there are new updates in your risk assessment and checkif you need to make any changes or improvements. Also make sure thatrisk assessment is updated regularly for safety issues. Many safetymanagers forget about updating the risk assessment when ever developinga part of a project. Therefore, you should always update the riskassessment when ever any changes that occur in a company. 7 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  8. 8. Role Of Management In Safety 20123 Safety managementThe below figure indicates the five steps of successful safety management.Those five steps will ensure the safety environment for the staff anddecrease the costs of injuries, illness, property and equipment damage.You will have fewer stoppages, higher output, and better quality. Figure 1 , Key elements of successful health and safety management By complying with the law and avoiding fines you will avoid damaging publicity. You cannot be a quality organization unless you apply sound management principles to health and safety. 8 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  9. 9. Role Of Management In Safety 20123.1 Key elements of safety management3.1.1 Set your policy The same types of events that make injuries and illness can affect the company production and damage the property so you should control all the accidents loss. Review the risk assessment by measure the precaution that needed and check if they are helpful. Improve the quality and ensure safe production. The safety policy should include in all activities such as selection of people, equipment and materials, the way work is done and how you design and provide goods and services.To set your policy, you need to ask yourself: 1. Do you have a clear policy for health and safety; is it written down? 2. What did you achieve in health and safety last year? 3. How much are you spending on health and safety and are you getting value for money? 4. How much money are you losing by not managing health and safety? 5. Does your policy prevent injuries, reduce losses and really affect the way you work? 9 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  10. 10. Role Of Management In Safety 20123.1.2 Step 2: Organize your staff To make the policy of health and safety more essential, the staff should be involved and aware of it. This called positive health and safety culture. The four Cs of positive health and safety culture: Competence Control Co-operation Communication allocating responsibiliti recruitment, es, securing between spoken, training and commitment, individuals written and advisory instruction and groups. visible. support. and supervision. Ask yourself: 1. Have you allocated responsibilities for health and safety to specific people - are they clear on what they have to do and are they held accountable? 2. Do you consult and involve your staff and their representatives effectively? 3. Do your staff have sufficient information about the risks they run and the preventive measures? 4. Do you have the right levels of expertise? Are your people properly trained? 5. Do you need specialist advice from outside and have 10 you arranged to obtain it? MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  11. 11. Role Of Management In Safety 20123.1.3 Step 3: Plan and set standards Planning is very important in health and safety management. It will make the work successful. Plan is involve state objectives, identifying hazards, assessing risks, implementing standards of performance and developing a positive culture. It is often useful to record your plans in writing. The plan should provide for: Mutual agreement To be in line with between Identifying hazards health and safety supervisors and and assessing risks. law. managers on health and safety targets.Standards will help to create a strong good culture and reduce risks.Standards state out what staff should do in the organization to achieve thepolicy. Standards should be measurable, achievable and realistic.In this section, you need to ask yourself: 11 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  12. 12. Role Of Management In Safety 2012 Do you have a health and safety plan? Is health and safety always considered before any new work is started? Have you identified hazards and assessed risks to your own staff and the public, and set standards for premises, plant, substances, procedures, people and products? Do you have a plan to deal with serious or imminent danger, eg fires, process deviations etc? Are the standards put in place and risks effectively controlled?3.1.4 Step 4: Measure your performance You need to measure your health and safety performance whether you are in good condition or not. You need to know where are you, where you want to be and what is the difference and why. Active monitoring is needed to avoid and control risks. This done by regular inspection and ensuring the management stick with the standards and also management control are working. Reactive monitoring after accidents occurred. This done by study the mistakes, whether they are involves injuries and illness, property damage. In step 4, you need to ask yourself: 12 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  13. 13. Role Of Management In Safety 2012 Do you know how well you perform in health and safety? How do you know if you are meeting your own objectives and standards for health and safety? Are your controls for risks good enough? How do you know you are complying with the health and safety laws that affect your business? Do your accident investigations get to all the underlying causes - or do they stop when you find the first person who has made a mistake? Do you have accurate records of injuries, ill health and accidental loss?3.1.5 Step 5: Learn from experience - audit and review Monitoring will help you to review the information of the activities and also help you to develop the performance. Audits that are done by your own staff will ensure if the organization, policy and systems are making the good results. It shows you how essential is the systems. 13 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  14. 14. Role Of Management In Safety 20124 Total Quality Management Ensuring the good quality in health and safety management becomes important business. To achieve the good management quality, you need to achieve some challenges:4.1 Total Quality Management system challenges Creating procedures To document how the company works in certain area, you need to create procedures. You need to formulate it in efficient way and this can be done by creating a group of editors to take care of the writing and review it. Distributing procedure manuals After writing and finishing the procedures, everyone should be aware of these procedures. Maintaining manuals This is not the end; editor’s team needs to update the procedure manual from time to time. This is because the organization activities are always changing. Controlling the process 14 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  15. 15. Role Of Management In Safety 2012 After maintaining the manuals that have been produced and distributed, it’s really important to have strong control over their use and application.4.2 The elements of total management Management commitment comes first. In this element, management team should consider and believe in the program and give a hand to all members who work in same program. They consider talent, time and financial resources. They commit the policy of the health and safety. The second element is Goal Setting. In this second, management team will set up targets, quality, productivity and financial performance. Engineering element come next. It’s the first thing that safety staff should remove the hazard. Engineering staff will try to eliminate hazards by do some safety inspections, good housekeeping and job safety analysis. Training element is very important. Most accidents occurred due to unsafe actions and are caused by staffs that have poor background in safety. Accident investigating is another important element. Engineer should learn from his mistakes and never repeat it again. Also investigate near miss accidents. Finally, Employee Safety Committee which is play significant and useful rule in total safety management. Safety engineers should do monthly meeting to review about the safety police because from time to time, company buy equipment with new technology which require new safety policy. 15 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  16. 16. Role Of Management In Safety 20124.3 Relationship between total quality and safety management The techniques of the safety management and total quality management are quite the same. On other hands, the factors that cause accidents and injuries are the same who cause excessive cost in production and lead to a poor quality. Both of quality and safety management require: Planning You need to plan your strategies, goals and polices to maintain a good condition on both quality and safety management. This also includes priorities, structure, job specifications, allocated responsibility and accountability for resources. Implementation A group of steps that describe the processes required to implement a good quality management system and also required to achieve a good safety management system. Monitoring In this stage, the organization should focus on the objectives and audits it just to ensure if the quality management is effectively implemented. Another point is to provide safety survey and safety monitoring to ensure the safety activities and to check the safety related changes. 16 Improvement MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  17. 17. Role Of Management In Safety 2012 It means that you need to improve continuous and also have the right actions when appropriate.5 Company safety policy5.1 Borouge Vision Borouge Company is one of the ADNOC group. One of the world’s major oil and gas companies, and Austria based Borealis, a leading provider of chemical and innovative plastics solutions, Borouge is a groundbreaking international partnership at the forefront of the next generation of plastics innovation. They have certain policy in safety.5.2 Borouge safety policy: The following are the pillars of Borouge safety policy and procedures:Pursuing a goal of no harm to people, the environment, the community or thereputation of Borouge.Minimizing waste and emissions, conserving energy and optimizing the use of naturalresources.Identifying all operational hazards and minimizing the associated risks to a level whichis as low as reasonably practicable.Ensuring that design, operational and technical integrity of assets are sustainedthroughout their life cycle.Establishing appropriate security measures and controls against identified threats.Understanding and respecting the social, cultural and legal aspects where we operate,and working together with various stakeholders to add value and make a positivecontribution.Advancing sustainable development across the value chain by ensuring that our 17products are properly used and handled, and that they are produced to maximize thepositive health, safety and environmental impacts throughout their entire life cycle. MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  18. 18. Role Of Management In Safety 20126 Training on Safety In 2009, Abu Dhabi distribution company ( ADDC) organized training on safety in workplace for the staff. It’s very important to teach the staff on how to work in workplace without getting injured or harmed. There have been revised on safety rules and regulation when working in water networks due to new equipment with new technology that need new rules and regulation in safety. This kind of conference should be updated regularly. In same conference, the safety manager was trying to create a good quality with his staff by involve them in safety training with good education and principles. This training was firstly introduced to the managers then passed to the staff.7 Ethics Ethics is branch of philosophy that focuses on morality. It tells you whether your actions are wrong or right. There is strong connection between ethics and safety management. Ethics is about doing the right thing. Safety management provides study the unsafe actions and unsafe conditions. Therefore, it should build up an ethical system that can analysis and take control of workplace hazards. Rights theory is a moral theory and important in ethics studies. Every worker in a company has the right to work in safe place. Company should provide the maximum safety condition to ensure good quality of safety management. It’s highly not ethical when managers think about money before safety. Safety is always first. 18 Another moral or ethical theory is the golden rule. Golden rule has some process that let you manage yourself in dangerous situations. For MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  19. 19. Role Of Management In Safety 2012 instance, if someone full down and hurt his hands. Golden rule provide steps to proceed. Firstly you need to think before you act. Also you need to check for possible solution to fix the problem. Another point is that treat the people as you wanted to be treated. For instance, the manager likes to work in place that has high safety condition. It’s not ethical that manager do not care about the staffs who work in very dangerous place without considering the safety.8 Safety Committee8.1 Purpose Safety committee is an organizational structure where members represent a group. This gives everyone a voice but keeps the meeting size to an effective number of participants. It’s really useful to make the workers involve with safety by making safety committee. Safety committee will create a good plan to ensure a good quality of safety. Committee also can develop other activities which encourage employees to support the Organization’s safety program.8.2 Safety Committee DutiesThe main duties for the safety committee are:Workplace self-inspections.Accident investigations.Developing safe work practicesDeveloping written Safety programs.Facilitating safety training. 19 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  20. 20. Role Of Management In Safety 2012Safety committee can also perform the following:To promote and maintain the interest of employees in health and safety issues.To educate managers, supervisors and employees through awareness and trainingactivities that they are primarily responsible for the prevention of workplaceaccidents.To help make health and safety activities an integral part of the organizationsoperating procedures, culture and programs.To provide an opportunity for the free discussion of health and safety problemsand possible solutions.To inform and educate employees and supervisors about health and safety issues,new standards, research findings. 20 MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi
  21. 21. Role Of Management In Safety 20129 References 1. Codjia, Marquis. "The Role of a Safety Manager." EHow. Demand Media, 08 Aug. 2010. Web. 16 May 2012. <http://www.ehow.com/facts_6832673_role-safety-manager.html>. 2. "Five Steps to Risk Assessment." Risk Management:. Heal and Safety Executive. Web. 16 May 2012. <http://www.hse.gov.uk/risk/fivesteps.htm>. 3. "Role of Management in Improving Workplace Safety and Health." Business Management Articles and Case Studies. MBA Knowledge Base. Web. 16 May 2012. <http://www.mbaknol.com/human-resource-management/role-of-management-in- improving-workplace-safety-and-health/>. 4. Managing Health and Safety. Health and Safety Executive, 1 May 1998. Web. 17 May 2012. <http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg275.pdf>. 5. "Total Safety Management." Total Safety Management. American Safety Management INC, 1 Jan. 2012. Web. 16 May 2012. <http://american-safety.com/services/total-safety- management/>. 6. "HSE & Quality Management." HSE & Quality Management. Ockham. Web. 17 May 2012. <http://www.webiso.be/hse.htm>. 7. Alhajri, Abdulaziz, and William Yau. "Borouge Sustainability Policy." Borouge Policy. Borouge. Web. 17 May 2012. <http://www.borouge.com/CorporateCitizenship/PDF%20Files/Policy%20Poster%20Eng %20-%20Arabic%20-%20Chinese.pdf>. 8. "The HSEQ Department Organizes a Seminar on Safety Requirements at Workplaces" The HSEQ Department Organizes a Seminar on Safety Requirements at Workplaces ADDC, 28 Oct. 2009. Web. 16 May 2012. <http://www.addc.ae/en/NewsDetails.aspx?id=48>. 9. "EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR THE SAFETY OF." Safety and Quality. EUROCONTROL, 7 Mar. 2001. Web. 31 May 2012. 21 <http://www.eurocontrol.int/safety/gallery/content/public/library/safety%20%20quality%2 0guidelines_1.0.pdf>. MECH N430 Dr. Me Chandra | HCT, Abu Dhabi

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