Wk11 the innovation development processPresentation Transcript
The Innovation Development Process Mini Laptop & Tablets Week11ForestD
NEED The One Laptop per Child (OLPC) Chairman Nicolas Negroponte Desire: “to create educational opportunities for the world’s poorest children by providing each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop with content and software designed for collaboration, joyful, self-empowered learning” www.wikipedia.OLPC This desire to empower children of the world is considered one of the innovative forces behind the development of the smaller laptop.
LEAD THINKERS Nicolas Negroponte, Chairman Rodrigo ArboledaHalaby, Chief Executive Officer Member Organizations AMD Red Hat eBay Marvell Google New Corporation
Mass Production ASUS in 2007 was the first mass producer of the Netbook The smaller laptop does have its roots with the concepts of OLPC. The mass production for consumer use was provided by alternative companies.
The Different * The Same Omitted certain features Smaller screens Smaller keyboards Reduced computing power www.wikipedia.com Currently, The are some computing differences, but with the availablility of net storage and continued technology advancements it can be difficult to tell the difference between a general laptop and a mini
2008 Market Share The Minis Flourish. Historically, there were issues with the success of the smaller less capable versions of laptops. Currently, “technology has matured enough to allow truly cost optimized implementations with enough performance to suit the needs of the majority of PC” consumers. (retrieved from www.wikipedia.com/minilaptop)
Decision Stage The individual or organization engages in activities that lead to a choice to adopt or reject an innovation (Rogers, p. 117). A trial period Entire group, selected group. A sample An incentive program
Implementation & Confirmation
Communication ChannelsThe Decision Process Channel – the means by which a message gets from the source to the receiver (p.204).
The dreaded S curve display SCurveForestD
Where the lines cross is the current year. Where tablet sales are predicted to surpass minisales.
Mini Laptop/Net book(line with arrow) 2. Tablets (line without arrow) Time The S Curve. Disclaimer. * I used a word document to make this. I may have a couple tools for communication, but I am learning that I need to learn the how to of the software available. If anybody has any advice please let me know. The S Curve. The Netbook was developed in 1997.
Persuasion Strategies We could discuss the need for the portable devices with the entities that hire us and ask for a cash incentive to aid in the financial constraints on adopting new technology. We could offer demonstrations at the monthly meetings. It could be mandated by the counties; however, there system must oblige a internet only form submittal process.
Suggestions: influenc the laggard. Provide our contractor with rave review on how beneficial the innovation is and ask them to transmit this to the other specialists. Provide demonstrations Since the innovation is one of a cluster the only need is to be able to access forms and transmit them all electronically this gives the specialist a choice. Emphasize the choice. The free will element.
Most influential attributes:Compatability & Relative Advantage Compatability The innovation is “consistent with past experiences and needs of potential adopters”(p. 240). The ease of carrying a smaller device in addition with the ease of document time constraints make this innovation cluster compatible to possible adopters Relative Advantage Adoption of a portable device minilaptop or tablet These are “better than the idea it supersedes”(p. 229) The larger laptop is very heavy Paper and pencil is too slow.
CENTRALIZEDOR DECENTRALIZEDWhich is the better approach for EI?
A Decentralized Approach Early Intervention is a group of subcontractors working with children age 0-3. The ability to use any innovation while exchanging ideas with other therapists maintains a sense of independence. Yet therapists are encouraged to work with each other to learn about new ideas. Conversely, if the county chooses to work with digital documents only, a centralized approach may be best. This approach is based on a top down model.
Change Agents Change Agents – individuals who influence [others] innovation decisions in a direction deemed desirable by a change agency (p. 400). Change agent socially positioned between organization or system and the adopters Able to understand the needs of the adopters Roles of change agent (retrieved from http://community2-diffusion.wikispaces.com/Milton+Week+8,citing Rogers) The need to change – The change from a larger laptop or desktop would not be difficult; however the goal would be to review/teach how to use digital forms and the internet from any location. Establishing an information exchange relationship – decide with a majority not full vote on how to exchange information. We as a group rely heavily on email. Would there be another way to exchange the information? Diagnose problems – Differences between a digital system and a snail mail system Create intent to change in the client – Translate intent into action -- Provide an awareness of the benefit and describe how it will be used to better track documents Stabilize adoption and prevent discontinuance -- stabilization through examination of the innovation. Achieve a terminal relationship – the early adopters can aid the later adotpers.
The EI Change Agent The client, the EI specialist: A desire to send and retrieve documents digitally. If that is the desire the tool needed to do that is a portable communication device. A portable device is a functional alternative to the paper process in existence. The change agent must communicate with the other members of the EI community. There are monthly meetings that provide face to face contact. In some instances the ability to meet face to face provides a more confident feeling with the adopter. However, the change agent can send snail mail or email to the EI specialists. Not every specialists attends a meeting; however, word of mouth is a big part of EI. Establishing a rapport with a few, could spread to many. Roger does discuss the fact that communication and access to communicate in the beginning of the diffusion process is a key role for the change agent. A discussion session provides a forum to discuss the issues with the current practices, and an opportunity to display how changing to digital documents are beneficial to the therapists. Change Agent -- Organizational Adoption/Diffusion. The role of Champions – a charismatic individual. The change agent who works with the Early Intervention specialists might be more successful if they are identified similarly to the concept of the middle manager described in Rogers on page 415. The innovation is “less radical” (p. 415), it is an extension of technology already used by most therapists. A person in a similar role to a middle manager could relate to other specialists having a homophilious relationship
Rate of Adoption Interactive Innovation
Organizational Adoption 1. Optional innovation-decisions Because we are sub contractors I don’t see anybody requiring us to carry portable devices to our client visits. Not at this point. 2. Collective innovation-decisions I believe this would be the most beneficial form of organization adoption. Collective innovation decision would allow therapists to maintain that element independence while allowing the innovation to improve our sending and retrieving of documents between all the entities. This would not affect who they are as therapists, specialists in their fields Authority innovation-decision. This sounds like a great way to achieve diffusion in our organization because we are a scattered group, with scattered innovations. However, at this point it would take getting the county on board. The county would probably be the best candidate as the authority figure in this model. This make the decision part of a bureaucracy, thus the outcome may not be what the independent therapists are trying to achieve. Virtual Organization. I don’t think our group of Early Intervention specialists is as intriguing as Complexia out of Santa Fe, NM. However, we do represent a group that could benefit from their model. “A network of geographically-distant employees, occasional face to face meetings, but daily work is carried out at a distance” (Rogers, 406). We are distant with in our counties. We work out of our clients homes, or our homes. We communicate face to fact with some specialists one time a month.