Robert Frost (1874-1963) Course: American LiteratureProfessor: Yony Cárdenas Cornelio.Student: Gabriela Paredes Baquerizo.
EARLY LIFE • Robert Frost was born in1874 San Francisco, California on March 26. • His father, a journalist and1875 local politician, died when Frost was eleven years old. • His Scottish mother resumed her career as a schoolteacher1875- to support her family. • The family lived in Lawrence,1892 Massachusetts, with Frosts paternal grandfather. • Frost graduated from a high1892 school and attended Dartmouth College for a few months.
ADULT LIFE • The New York Independent published Frosts poem1894 "My Butterfly" and he had five poems privately printed.1894 - • Frost worked as a teacher and continued 1897 to write and publish his poems in magazines.1897 - • Frost studied at Harvard, but left without receiving 1899 a degree.
MARRIAGE AND FAMILY • He married a former1895 schoolmate, Elinor White; they had six children1896 • Their first child named Elliot, was born on September - 29, 1896. Elliotts death, from cholera, in July of 1900, was the first of many family1900 tragedies that Frost would endure.
DARK YEARS • Frosts mother died1900 of cancer. • The following year saw the death of his1901 grandfather, William Prescott Frost • Elinor and Robert had five1899- more children--another son, Carol, and four daughters, the last of1907 whom lived for only three days.
RISKY MOVES • His grandfather let him the use of his farm in Derry, New Hampshire, for a1901 period of ten years, after which Robert would become its owner. • The only period of Frosts life in1901- which he worked seriously at farming, and in the last five of1911 them he also found it financially necessary to teach school.
RISKY MOVES • He sold the farm when it became1911 his. • He moved his family to England in August,1912 hoping to find there the literary success that had eluded him in his own country.
The Frost farm, where the family lived from 1900-1911
Success Abroad In England he published his first collection of poems, A Boys Will(1913) followed by North of Boston (1914), which gained international reputation. Frost met numerous literary figures, including Ezra Pound, Hilda Doolittle, and William Butler Yeats (who tells Pound that A Boys Will is "the best poetry written in America for a long time").
Frosts manuscript ofa poem from A BoysWill (1915)Frost in Franconia, N.H., 1915
A BOY’S WILL The collection contains some of Frosts best-known poems: "The Death of the Hired Man," “Fire and Ice” “Stopping by Woods on an Snowy Evening“ “Desert Places” “Nothing Gold Can Stay”
The New American Genius After returning to the US in 1915 with his family, Frost bought a farm near Franconia, New Hampshire. 1916: Frost began teaching at Amhert College.
The New American Genius 1924 - Awarded Pulitzer Prize for New Hampshire in May. Receives Honorary Litt.D. degrees from Middlebury College and Yale University. Gives notice to Amherst of his acceptance of lifetime appointment at University of Michigan as Fellow in Letters. 1931 – Awarded his second Pulitzer Prize for Collected Poems. 1937 – Awarded his third Pulitzer Prize for Further Range. 1943 – Awarded his fourth Pulitzer Prize for A Witness Tree.
Tragedy and Depression In 1934 his beloved daughter Marjorie died after the birth of her first child. In March 1938, after a long and often difficult marriage, Elinor herself died of heart attack. In October 1940, Frosts son Carol, feeling himself a failure despite Frosts strenuous efforts to convince him otherwise, committed suicide.
He participated in theinauguration of PresidentJohn Kennedy in 1961 byreciting two of his poems,Dedication and The GiftOutright.„
HIS LATER YEARS Frost suffered from depression and continual self-doubt. At the time of his death on January 29, 1963, Frost was regarded as a kind of unofficial poet laureate of the United States.
Frost’s Writing Style Writing free verse is like playing tennis with the net down.
Frost’s Style He wrote in a plain style He used traditional forms and structures while exploring modern themes of alienation and isolation He wrote many pastoral poems Celebrates the ideals of rural life He combined traditional form and colloquialisms with modern sense of isolation and loss
Aspects of Frosts poetry: It uses contraries and contradictions It uses common, everyday speech Poems are set in nature Deep meanings exist beneath a simple exterior
Motifs in Frosts Poetry: The cycle of the seasons The alternation of night and day Natural phenomenon Rural images
The End of The World!!! (according to Mr. Robert Frost) “Fire and Ice”Some say the world will end in fire,Some say in ice.From what Ive tasted of desireI hold with those who favour fire.But if it had to perish twice,I think I know enough of hateTo say that for destruction iceIs also greatAnd would suffice. To perish : to die, especially in a sudden violent way To suffice: to be enough for sb/sth.
“THE ROAD NOT TAKEN”Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,And sorry I could not travel bothAnd be one traveler, long I stoodAnd looked down one as far as I couldTo where it bent in the undergrowth;Then took the other, as just as fair,And having perhaps the better claimBecause it was grassy and wanted wear,Though as for that the passing thereHad worn them really about the same,And both that morning equally layIn leaves no step had trodden black.Oh, I marked the first for another day! To diverge : to separate and go inYet knowing how way leads on to way different directionsI doubted if I should ever come back. Grassy: covered with grass Trodden: to put your foot downI shall be telling this with a sigh while you are stepping or walking.Somewhere ages and ages hence: Sigh: to take and then let out aTwo roads diverged in a wood, and I, long deep breath that can be heard.I took the one less traveled by, Hence: for this reason.And that has made all the difference.
-How difficult it is to make a choice.-The possibility of regrets.-The future expeculation.
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