American Literature - Edgar Allan Poe


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A presentation for the American Literature course, taught by Mrs. Yony Cardenas in the UNMSM -Peru.

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American Literature - Edgar Allan Poe

  1. 1. 1825 Engaged to Sarah March 27, 1834January Elmira19, 1809 John Allan dies RoysterEdgar Allan January 29, 1845Poe was 1815 Becomes famous for January 30, 1847Born to May 16, 1836 1826 “The Raven” which VirginiaDavid & Eliza Edgar lives with the Attended the Poe marries his 13 was published in Clemm, Poe’sin the city of Allan’s in England & University of year old New York wife dies of T.B.Boston. attends school in Virginia. cousin, Virginia and Poe London & Stroke- Clemm in became ill. Newington. Richmond February 28, 1829December 8, 1811 October 7, Frances Allan dies of Febuary, 18Eliza dies on a 1835 1849 T.B. 41theatrical tour in Moves to Poe Poe died in aRichmond. Richmond with became hospital in cousin Virginia editor of Baltimore and Clemm and her Graham’s was buried in 1821 1827 mother Magazine the Poe Arguments with John Allan Westminster continues so leaves for Boston where Presbyterian to go to he publishes poems such Church school in as Tamerlane and joined June 1839 Richmond the army assistant editor for the Magazine Burton’s Gentleman
  2. 2.  Poe’s professional life was full of failure His greatest success was “The Raven,” which brought him fame, but earned him only $14.00 Poe wrote many short stories simply for the money; ironically he is most famous for these stories He saw himself as a poet, but could not make a living from writing poetry He is credited with the invention of the detective story (these stories provided Poe with the order & logic that was lacking in his own life)
  3. 3. Poe explored the dark and often irrational side of the human mind . His stories often are filled with a sense of anxiety & have a dreamlike quality Poe saw women as angelic figures: “Women have been angels of mercy to me.” Poe’s characters are often tortured by guilt Poe’s stories are quite modern in their psychoanalytical componentsLike many of his characters, Poe was caught between•Rationality & irrationality•Order & chaos
  4. 4.  Helen, thty beauty is to me Like those Nicean barks of yore That gently, oer a perfumed sea, The weary, way-worn wanderer bore To his own native shore. On desperate seas long wont to roam, Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face, Thy Naiad airs have brought me home To the glory that was Greece, And the grandeur that was Rome. Lo, in yon brilliant window-niche How statue-like I see thee stand, The agate lamp within thy hand, Ah! Psyche, from the regions which Are Holy Land!-.Thy: your-Yore : long ago-Roam: to walk or travel around without a direction-Thee : you-Agate: a hard stone with bands or areas of colour, used in jewellery-Nicean: refers to boats from the city of Nicea in Asia Minor. Poe creates the phrase for its melodious sound- Wont: accustomed.-Hyacinth: wavy and perfumed-Naiad : in classical mythology, a water nymph-Psyche: goddess of the soul
  5. 5.  The narrator moves through a sequence of changing moods. When first awakened by the raven, he is gloomy. Terror quickly follows, then curiosity as he seeks a simple explanation for the tapping. The entrance of the bird makes him smile. But soon the uncanny aptness of the same, cruel answer causes bitter self-questioning, sad memory, near hysteria, and finally permanent hopelessness. The raven in the end never flits, still sitting there, with devil eyes, its shadow falling on the floor; and the man’s soul is in that shadow, forever. The subject of the poem deals with the death of a beautiful woman, which could be Virginia or others whom the Poe speaker loves, and the sorrow of a lover whose beautiful lady has been taken from him by death.
  6. 6.  He is continually reminded of the pain he feels from her loss (the bird will leave him in the morning like Lenore; Lenore will never sit in the chair as he does in the poem). As much as the narrator wants to forget his loss, he can’t help but remember.
  7. 7.  The poem contains internal rhyme: “Once upon a midnight dreary while I wandered weak and weary” Poe establishes immediately, an atmosphere/tone of darkness/melancholy/ suspense/fear/anxiety
  8. 8.  “The Raven” reflects the darkness, anger and frustration Poe felt while watching his wife Virginia die for five years During that time, Poe struggled to keep Virginia fed and warm, and also to give her the medicine she desperately needed The guilt & anger he felt are expressed in the darkness of “The Raven”
  9. 9. In the story we read about how the main character lives with an old man in his house.However, the old man has a red, vulture’s eye.For some reason this bothers the main character so much that he wants to get rid of it! Then he starts spying on the old man every night in the dark, but one night the old man realizes he’s there.The old man I killed and buried in his house.Days later, the police went to the house and the main character confessed his crime.
  10. 10.  The conflict of the story is that the old man’s eye bothers the main character so much that he wants to get rid of it. In the end, he gets rid of the eye by killing the old man but the main character can still hear the old man’s heartbeat.
  11. 11.  Murderer Old man Police officers
  12. 12. The Duality of Man › Light vs. Dark, Good vs. Evil – every man has to find a way to balance these out in the hopes that the light/good will be the predominate side in his life.
  13. 13. In The Tell-Tale Heart some foreshadowing is used. He also uses a simile and repetition of important ideas of the story.
  14. 14.  The Tell-Tale Heart is a Horror short story. Edgar Allen Poe published mostly horror fiction stories.