National Food Production and Agricultural Productivity

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Dr Jammie Penm's talk from the Australian Agricultural & Resource Economics Society's event "Reframing the Food Agenda: Setting the Scene for Australia" held August 19, 2011

Dr Jammie Penm's talk from the Australian Agricultural & Resource Economics Society's event "Reframing the Food Agenda: Setting the Scene for Australia" held August 19, 2011

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  • 1. Australian food production and agricultural productivity Jammie Penm General Manager, Agricultural Commodities and Trade
  • 2. National Food Plan
    • Food security
    • Productivity
    • Sustainability
    • Health and nutrition
    • Other policies relating to the food sector
  • 3. What is food security?
    • All people, at all times, have physical and economic
    • access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets
    • their dietary needs and food preferences for an active
    • and healthy life (FAO 2003).
  • 4. Share of agricultural production exported average for 2008-09 to 2010-11s
  • 5. Australia’s food exports and imports
  • 6. Food imports per person for selected countries, 2009-10
  • 7. Energy content of food imports kilojoules per person per day 2008-09   Domestic production Imports Share of domestic production   (kJ) (kJ) Grain-based products 33 824 814 2% Sugar-based products 9 305 129 1% Oilseeds, oil and fat 5 727 1 546 27% Fresh and processed fruit and nuts 1 391 302 22% Fresh and processed vegetables 2 013 329 16% Meat and meat products 3 283 165 5% Dairy products 3 281 240 7% Seafood 145 190 131% Eggs 120 0 0% Other 757 Total 59 089   4 470   8%  
  • 8. Potential challenges to food production
    • Climate variability and climate change
    • Competition for resources
    • Slowdown in productivity growth
  • 9. Impact of recent weather events
    • November to mid-December rainfall:
    • agricultural exports $950 million
    • Late December to January flooding:
    • agricultural production by $1 billion
    • coal exports by $2 to 2.5 billion
    • Tropical Cyclone Yasi:
    • agricultural production in Far North Queensland by
    • $300 million
  • 10. Total winter crop production
  • 11. Murray–Darling Basin water storage
  • 12. Productivity trends and terms of trade Broadacre TFP 2% Terms of trade – 2.2% Pre-1994 TFP 2.2% Post-1994 TFP 0.4%
  • 13. Framework for agricultural productivity ↑ Agricultural productivity growth Farm-level factors Macroeconomic conditions External factors
    • Exchange rate
    • Interest rates
    • Terms of trade
    • Consumer preferences
    • Resource quality
    • Using new technologies
    • Enterprise mix
    • Economies of size
    • Human capital
    • Structural change
  • 14. Framework for agricultural productivity ↑ Agricultural productivity growth Farm-level factors An innovative operating environment Macroeconomic conditions External factors Policy approaches
  • 15. Enablers of productivity growth: R,D&E Broadacre productivity growth of 2% a year (1953–2008)
  • 16. Output Incentives for productivity growth Production frontier Input Most farms can increase productivity by ‘catching up’ to the best farms Technical efficiency change: grain growers 1978 to 2008 –0.3%
  • 17. Incentives for productivity growth
    • water market reform
    • drought reform
    • reform of agricultural and veterinary chemical regulation
    • liberalised world agriculture markets
    • climate change policies
  • 18. Conclusions
    • productivity growth: the insurance policy for the future
    • new ABARES research underlines importance of R&D and extension
    • policy reforms creating uncertainty
  • 19.