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SOCIAL LIFE The life of all the classes was dominated by the feudal system. Women were seen by many to be inferior to men during the middle ages. The church taught them that they should be meek and obedient to their fathers and husbands. 1. Music and Dance Musical Instruments : Troubadours, gong etc 2. Sport and Games Archery, Bowls, Colf, Gameball, Hammer-throwing, acrobat, etc
1. Latin: used by educated people: nuns and monks2. French: used by the Kings and Officials3. English (Anglo-Saxon) : used by common peopleThe religious spirit was themost important thing.Although it was struck, buteverything based on it,even the education andliterature Baker, Bookbinder, Farmer, Fisherman, Forester, etc. Many common surnames stemmed from the profession a person had.
IMPORTANT EVENTS 1. Battle of Hastings Took place in Senlac Hill, East Sussex, England on October, 1066 It is the beginning of Middle Ages in which William The Conqueror of Normandy invaded England and defeated Harold I .2. The hundred years war 1337-1453 in Northern france The Wars between England and France. It is began with The claim of King Henry III to inherit the France throne
3. War of roses Happened in 1455-1485 Dynastic civil wars for the throne of two rival branches of the Royal House of Lancaster and York4. The black death Started in 1328 lasted until 1351 Called as The Black Death because on of the symptoms produced a blackening of the skin around the swelling. was red at first, but later turned a dark purple or black. When a victim’s blood was let the blood that exuded was black, thick and vile smelling with a greenish scum mixed in it.
POLITICAL LIFE The types of Feudal System: •The Feudal System Right of Hunting •The Feudal System Right of Jurisdiction •The Feudal System Right of Safe Convoy •The Feudal System Right of Wearing Spurs •The Feudal System Rights of Knighthood •The Feudal System Right of having seats of honour in churches and Monuments •The Feudal System Right of Disinheritance •The Feudal System Right of common Feudalism was based on the ovenexchange of land for military •Feudal System Rights of Treasure Trove •The Feudal System Right of Shipwrecksservice. It was established by •The Feudal System Right of Shelter William the Conqueror.
Feudalism in England was established by William theConqueror and the Normans following the defeat ofthe English Anglo Saxons at the Battle of Hastings in1066. The system and structure of feudalism had beenwell established in Europe for some time and theNormans imposed Middle Ages feudalism in Englandfollowing the Norman Conquest.Feudalism was based on the exchange of land for militaryservice. King William the Conqueror used the concept offeudalism to reward his Norman supporters for their help inthe conquest of England. Life lived under the MedievalFeudal System, or Feudalism, demanded that everyone owedallegiance to the King and their immediate superior.
MAGNA CARTA OF 1215 a document that King John of England (1166 -What is it??? 1216) was forced into signing the charter because it greatly reduced the power he held as the King of England and allowed for the formation of a powerful parliament. The Magna Carta became the basis for English citizens rights. to curb the King and make him govern by the Purpose old English laws that had prevailed before the Normans came. The Magna Carta was a collection of 37 English laws - some copied, some recollected, some old and some new. The Magna Carta demonstrated that the power of the king could be limited by a written grant.Drafted by Archbishop Stephen Langton and the most powerful Barons of England
THE RELIGIONThe lives of the Medieval people of the Middle Ages was dominated by the church. The period of the Dark Ages saw the growth in the power of the Christian Church which was then referred to as the Catholic religion. Christians who opposed the Catholic church were treated harshly. Christianity then became the official religion of the Roman Empire instead of the old Roman religion that had worshipped many Gods. The Catholic Church was then able to influence the kings and rulers of Europe. PILGRIMAGE: religious travelling to visit the relics or resting places of revered saints, such as to Jerusalem or Rome.
THE HERITAGE Troubadours :Heddal Stave Church Mediaeval Music played by Winchester Cathedral Gothic artin Telemark, Norway Minstrels on Historical Musical InstrumentsSt Pauls Cathedra Lincoln Cathedral Late Antique Art Romansque Art
THE LITERATURE 1.Heroic The Characteristics 2.Religious Famous Author and the Work: 1. Venerable Bede + Geoffrey of Monmouth – King Arthur and the Knights 2. Layamon – Brut 3. Geoffrey Chaucer – Troilus and Criseyde, The House of Fame. The Cantebury Tales 4. John Gower – Confessio Amantics, 5. William Langland – Piers Plowman 6. etc Medieval Literature questions its society, making its readers think about the timesthey live in, as well as giving us a picture f the fast-changing society of the time. Themain writing of this period was in Poetry, but the tradition of drama was beginning at this time, too.
TIMELINE OF THE KINGS Events Timeline of Middle Ages Kings Timeline Key Dates Timeline of England 1066-1087 King William the ConquerorTimeline ofthe Norman King William Rufus (son of 1087-1100 Kings of William) England in the Middle King Henry I (William Rufus 1100-1135 Ages brother) 1066 -1154 King Stephen (nephew of Henry 1135-1154 I)
Timeline of Middle Ages Kings of Events Timeline Timeline Key Dates England 1154-1189 King Henry II (grandson of Henry I) Timeline of the The 1189-1199 King Richard I (third son of Henry II) Plantagenet Kings of 1199-1216 King John (fifth son of Henry II)England (Angevin Line) in 1216-1272 King Henry III (son of John) the Middle Ages 1272-1307 King Edward I (son of Henry III) 1154 - 1377 1307-1327 King Edward II (son of Edward I) 1327-1377 King Edward III (son of Edward II) King Richard II (grandson of Edward 1377-1399 III, son of the Black Prince) Timeline of the Royal King Henry IV (grandson of Edward 1399-1413Houses of Lancaster and III, son of John of Gaunt)York - Kings of England 1413-1422 King Henry V (son of Henry IV) in the Middle Ages 1422-1461 King Henry VI (son of Henry V) 1377 - 1485 King Edward IV ( youngest son of 1461-1483 Edward III ) 1483-1485 King Richard III (uncle of Edward V)