Culture & Civilization of Quebec (Montreal), Jan. 2010 (FR 291)


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In January 2010, students in Wagner College's "Culture & Civilization of Quebec" course (FR 291) spent a week in Montreal, studying in person what they had previously studied in the classroom. The course was part of Wagner's Expanding Your Horizons program. To view the video presentation that accompanies this PowerPoint presentation, go to

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Culture & Civilization of Quebec (Montreal), Jan. 2010 (FR 291)

  1. 1. A presentation by Allison Smeck, Anthony Santoro, Laura Mahoney, and Nicole Mahoney Facts, Fiction, Fragmentation and Foie Gras: Our Montréal Experience in the Dead of Winter
  2. 2. Jacques Cartier and the Founding... <ul><li>Arrived in Montréal in 1534 </li></ul><ul><li>Found the Iroquois indians, who peaceably accepted the French language </li></ul><ul><li>Canada had far fewer natural resources to offer than did Latin America. Ex: animal furs, wood </li></ul>Flag of Québec Flag of Montréal
  3. 3. History of the City <ul><li>Throughout its history, Montreal has been a meeting place for people with different origins, languages, religions and cultural traditions. </li></ul><ul><li>In the beginning, Montreal was comprised mainly of Aboriginal, French and British people, who were later joined by Jewish, Slavic, and Italians immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>The cohabitation of these people has not always been easy, sometimes creating tension and conflict. But on many occasions, solutions have been found and alliances have been created. </li></ul>
  4. 4. BURRRRRR !!! The daily temperature in January is -10.2 degrees Celsius (14 degrees Fahrenheit) Only EYH trip to brave the Canadian cold during winter
  5. 5. Montréal: The Golden Age <ul><li>• In 1760, the Canadian territory was surrendered by France to Great Britain after their victory in the Seven Years War . Under British imperialism, the city of Montréal flourished and became an industrial and cultural epicenter. </li></ul><ul><li>• During the second half of the 19 th century, the rapid development of infrastructure, including the construction of railroads and canals, as well as the factory boom incited an urban migration of French Canadians to the city. </li></ul><ul><li>• With these links, Montréal secured its place in the world industrial market and was fondly regarded as the jewel in the British imperial crown. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Linguistic Turbulence The Language Crisis of 1969 * Montreal’s traditional linguistic balance began to be questioned by nationalistic groups, who were concerned by the “anglicization” of immigrants. * Unrest reached its peak in 1969 and numerous riots and protests ensued. * The crises led to the foundation and adoption of new language laws, including Bill 101, and the reinforcement of French as the official language in Montreal.
  7. 7. *Charter of the French Language = La charte de la langue française* Loi 101 = Bill 101 Linguistic F r a g m e n t a t i o n... ...a law in the province of Quebec defining French as the language of the majority of the population, and as the sole official language of Quebec. This law outlines fundamental language rights for everyone in the province. Selected Fundamental Language Rights : 3. Right of workers to carry out their activities in French 4. Right of consumers to be informed and served in French 5. Right of persons eligible for instruction in Quebec to receive that instruction in French
  8. 8. Religion in Montreal L’oratoire Saint- Joseph “ This is the first time I was ever in a city where you couldn't throw a brick without breaking a church window” -Mark Twain Notre Dame de Montréal
  9. 9. Émile Nelligan: The Father of Québécois Poetry (1879-1941) <ul><li>Looking at the European Symbolist movement, Émile Nelligan’s poetry reflected urban realities and the anxiety of both interior and exterior alienation. His poems depicted emotional extremes, from pain to disappointment, and concluded that emotions would trump all else. </li></ul><ul><li>- First published at age 16, Nelligan’s short-lived literary career came to a halt in 1899 when he was admitted to an asylum by his parents after a psychotic breakdown. Four years later, his collected poems were published in a book titled Le Récital des Anges , which received critical acclaim in Canada that he never knew. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Our Film Experience <ul><li>While in Montreal, the class went to see “J’ai Tue Ma Mere” (I Killed My Mother) </li></ul><ul><li>Written and directed by Xavier Dolan. </li></ul><ul><li>This semi-autobiographic film centered on a typical teenage boy’s relationship with his mother, and his rebelliousness on his quest for independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the frigid weather, going to the movies is a popular past-time in Montreal. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Quebecois Film <ul><li>In class, we watched films which mainly focused on family relationships and religion, both of which are themes central to Quebecois film. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Culture of Food L’entrecote St. Jean
  13. 13. EHY: Montréal 2010