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Key note address first ofab consultative meeting november 2010
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Key note address first ofab consultative meeting november 2010

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  • 1. OFAB - Agricultural Biotechnology and Agricultural Development for SSA Dr. Jacob Mignouna, Technical Operations Director AATF, 24 TH November 2010 Safari Club, Nairobi OFAB-AFRICA FIRST PROGRAMMING COMMITTEE CONSULTATIVE MEETING
  • 2. Biotechnology: A 10,000 years journey Plant tissue cultured 1922 - 1934 Discovery of Agrobacterium - 1907 Bt discovered - 1901 Mendel’s laws 1865-1901 Cell theory - 1839 Plant breeding / Seed trading 1742 Leeuwenhoek (Bacteria) 1683 Cheese / dairy products 1000BC Bread 3000BC Brewing / Fermentation 6000BC Domestication of plants 8000BC
  • 3. Biotechnology: A 10,000 years journey China approves Bt rice and biotech phytase maize 2009 Herbicide resistant soybean, maize, canola Bt cotton commercialized 1996 Bt cotton field trials Virus resistance 1986 1st transgenic plants 1983 Human insulin produced 1982 Clone Bt toxin gene 1981 Schell & Van Montagu Discover plasmids in A tumefaciens 1974 Watson & Crick DNA double helix 1st virus free plants 1953 Plant tissue cultured 1922 - 1934
  • 4. Biotech crop countries have better development indices
  • 5.
    • 1996 to 2008 - economic gains of US$51.9 billion generated through
      • Reduced production costs (50%),
      • Substantial yield gains (50%) of 167 million tons ;
      • the latter would have required 62.6 million additional hectares
      • had biotech crops not been deployed, hence biotech crops are an
      • important land saving technology.
      • Pesticide reduction estimated at 356 million kg of active ingredient (a.i.), a saving of 8.4% in pesticides
      • Global value of the biotech seed market alone was valued at US$10.5 billion in 2009
      • An additional 32 countries, totaling 57 since 1996, have granted regulatory approvals for biotech crops
      • A total of 762 approvals have been granted for 155 events in 24 crops
    General Progress – ISAAA 2009 Report
  • 6. Biotech in Africa
      • South Africa, Burkina Faso, and Egypt – lead in biotech in Africa
      • Total  biotech crop  area in South  Africa in 2009 was  2.1  million hectares, up significantly from 1.8  million hectares in 2008
      • In 2008,  about 4,500  Burkina Faso farmers successfully  produced 1,600  tonnes of Bt cotton  seed on a total of 6,800  farmer fields; the first 8,500  hectares  of commercial Bt cotton  was planted  in the country  in 2008
      •  
      • In 2009,  about 115,000 hectares of commercial Bt cotton  were  planted  in Burkina Faso up from 8,500 hectares in 2008
      • In 2009, Egypt in its second year, planted  approximately 1,000 hectares of Bt maize, a modest  increase of approximately 15% over 2008, when  approximately 700  hectares were planted
      • A number of countries have given approval for various CFT of biotech crops (GM) (ISAAA 2009 Report)
  • 7. African Agriculture - under serious threat
    • 60-70% of the African population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods
    • Only 4% of cropped land has access to irrigation
    • 33% of cropped land is subject to moderate drought, 25% subject to severe drought
    • Climate change is predicted to make things even worse
  • 8. The central challenge for SSA: Increase agricultural productivity Yield of cereals (ton/ha)
  • 9. Changes in Cereal Production From Changes in Area and Yield
  • 10.
    • In the end, non-adopters of technology will be obliged to adopt the competitive products developed by those regions with advanced technologies
    WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?
  • 11.
    • IMPROVED PRODUCTIVITY AND INCOME – Increased yields of 5 to 50%. Farm income gains of $7 billion in 2006 & $34 billion 1996-2006; $17.5 billion in industrial, $16.5 billion in dev countries
    • PROTECT BIODIVERSITY - Double crop production on same area of 1.5 million hectares of crop land - save forests/biodiversity - 13m ha loss/year in DCs
    • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT - Reduce need for external inputs - Saving of 289,000 MT a.i. pesticides from 1996 to 2006
        • - Saved 15 bill kg C0 2 in 2006- 6.5m less cars - climate change
        • - Conservation of soil & WATER = SUSTAINABILITY
    • SOCIAL BENEFITS
    • - Contribution to alleviation of poverty of 11 million small farmers in 2007, compared with 9.3 million in 2006
        • MORE AFFORDABLE FOOD,FEED &FIBER
    Impact of Biotech Crops Source; Compiled by Clive James , 2008
  • 12.
      • Formulating and implementing biosafety legislations that encourage innovations and trade
      • Building scientific capacity
      • Understanding and strengthening IPR regimes and managing them for national benefits
      • Creating awareness and informing public discourse
        • Food safety – food as safe, or safer, than conventional
        • Environmental Impact
        • Gene Flow -conservation of biodiversity- coexistence
        • Effect on non-target organisms – Target specific tech
        • Management of Bt resistance – durability - a challenge
        • Ownership of the technology
        • Role of the Private sector , IPR
        • Ethical considerations
    Challenges that face biotechnology development in Africa e.g.
  • 13.
    • To ensure that Africa is in a position to harness the benefits of this powerful technology, the debate should be about
      • which policies need to be formulated
      • which strategies need to be adopted
      • what investments should be made and where
      • African scientists should work closely with African policy makers to define an African agenda for biotechnology in Africa
      • AU/NEPAD High Level Panel on Modern Biotechnology, 2006-2007
    BIOTECHNOLOGY DEBATE IN SSA
  • 14.
    • Politics plays a key role in enhancing biotechnology
      • Burkina Faso Case – Presidential decree
      • AU/NEPAD High Level Panel on Biotechnology – Advocacy
      • Role of country parliaments in passing legislation
    • Development Partners play a key role
      • Support of initiatives such as ABNE
    • Research Projects
      • Various agricultural biotech projects indicate need for legislation
    • World Trends
      • Developments in other parts of the world are key influencers
    What is Africa Doing About Agricultural Biotechnology?
  • 15.
    • “ Africa should learn from Europe’s mistakes and not repeat them”
    • “ The new ingredient in Biotech crops is not black magic or radioactivity;
    • it is KNOWLEDGE”
    • Mark Cantley (2006) – Opening of OFAB in 2006
    LEARNING FROM OTHERS
  • 16.
    • As the world moves into a knowledge-based economy, it is those societies, countries and regions that are best able to generate, acquire and make use of knowledge that will be better able to overcome constraints, generate wealth, solve their health problems, improve their environment.
    • Mark Cantley (2006) – Opening of OFAB in 2006
  • 17. OPEN FORUM ON AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY (OFAB) IN AFRICA
    • AIM - To enhance knowledge-sharing and awareness on biotechnology that will
      • raise understanding and appreciation of agricultural biotechnology and
      • contribute to building an enabling environment for decision making
      • OFAB is expected to ensure that quality knowledge is disseminated to both policy makers and the larger public through provision of factual information
      • OFAB directly impacts the ability for AATF to achieve a vision of “Prosperous Farmers and a Food Secure sub-Sahara Africa through innovative agriculture”.
  • 18.
    • As an African organisation set up to access and deliver proprietary technologies that will increase the productivity of African smallholder farmers, AATF facilitated set up of OFAB as a platform that provides an opportunity for biotechnology stakeholders to:
      • network
      • share knowledge & experiences
      • explore new avenues for collaboration in bringing the benefits of biotechnology to all across Africa
    • This is in line with its third strategic thrust
      • Managing knowledge and information to support technology identification, development and the policy environment
    OFAB – A STRATEGIC INITIATIVE
  • 19. OFAB CHAPTERS
    • Set-up by collaborative agreement between like-minded institutions
      • Kenya – AATF & ISAAA
      • Uganda – AATF, UNCST & PBS
      • Tanzania – AATF & COSTECH
      • Nigeria – AATF, NABDA, ARCN
      • Egypt – ISAAA & EBC
  • 20. OFAB PROGRESS
    • Through OFAB several meetings have been held in each country to discuss pertinent issues contributing to good debate on biotechnology and biosafety
    • Chapters have reported
      • Raised levels of awareness
      • Closing gap between scientists and journalists
      • New contacts and business links
    • From a new initiative 4 years ago – OFAB has grown into 5 countries
    • AATF congratulates all country partners for this enormous progress
    • AATF especially recognises effort by Kenya OFAB Chapter – keeping active and sharing learnings with new Chapters
  • 21. 1 st OFAB Chapters Consultative Meeting
    • Meeting OFAB goals is key to the future of OFAB
    • The importance of attaining the goals will show the difference between moving OFAB from incubation to full bloom
    • This 1 st meeting will be key to deciding how to progress and build on what has been put on the ground
    • It will also contribute to team building
    • I would like to urge openness and thinking outside the box to ensure you capture new ideas and revamp old ones for a better OFAB
  • 22. Conclusion
    • Adoption of new agricultural technologies, including biotechnologies, will play an important role in closing the current yield gap of African agriculture and in helping African farmers cope with the impact of global warming
    • It is essential for African countries to understand the importance of minimizing the cost of regulations in order to maximize the benefits from biotechnology; positions taken by other regions may not necessarily be in the best interest of Africa
    • Encouraging open discussions of difficult issues will impact how we move biotechnology forward in SSA
    • Congratulate all the OFAB chapters -
  • 23.