Vocational Training for Afghan Women Project (VTAWP) (ENG)


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Powerpoint presentation for WUSC's Vocational Training for Afghan Women Project (VTAWP) project - in connection with the Afghanistan Challenge campaign. A tool for WUSC Local Committees to use to inform and engage campus communities. [ENG]

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Vocational Training for Afghan Women Project (VTAWP) (ENG)

  1. 1. Vocational Training for Afghan Women Project (VTAWP) By Michel Tapiero
  2. 2. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN <ul><li>GOAL: To assist the GoA to implement its social protection strategy particularly as it pertains to support vulnerable women </li></ul><ul><li>PURPOSE: to increase self-sufficiency of vulnerable women and their families including widows and female-headed households in Kabul </li></ul>
  3. 3. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN <ul><li>3 components in the project: </li></ul><ul><li>Technical and vocational training for widows in Kabul: acquired skills, literacy and self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Family and Community acceptance of women in vocational and technical trades: Awareness and gender equality, Community and family support </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Capacity building: Partnerships, capacity building Voc Tech local Partners </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocational Training Cycle Holistic Vocational Training Cycle Vocational Training Course Delivery, National Testing & Certification Tracer Studies Credit Employment and Self-Employment Career Support Tools of the Trade (TOT) Industrial Training / On the-Job Training (OJT) Employment Skills Including Personal Empowerment, Life skills, Gender, Workers’ Rights and Responsibilities & Entrepreneurship Training Institutional Capacity Building Support and Training: NVQ and VT Sector Reform requirements, Management, Administration, Finance, Gender and Teaching Techniques Vocational Training Preparation Includes Soft Skills such as Career Orientation, Gender, Health (Safety, First Aid, HIV and AIDS, Nutrition) & Life Skills Planning and Preparation Process Based on Labour Market Assessment & Employment Results; Preparation Includes Selecting Staff, Purchasing Equipment, Selecting Trainees, & Constructing/Renovating Facilities
  5. 5. Planning Process Labour market survey, business feasibility, project and partner review, nationally recognized syllabus, LOA with IPO, instructor selection, mobilization of women for employment, Coordination wil local gvment authorities VTAWP Project Cycle © by WUSC-EUMC Tool Kits, Productive Assets & Links to micro-credit Networking Introduction of trainee to Employer, forums, VT provider, forming women’s associations Community & Family Acceptance of women and employment Research/M&E Tracer studies (6 months & 2 years), Lessons learned, Graduates meetings, Case studies, IPO meetings Employment and Self Employment assistance Post-Course Training Workers rights & Responsibilities Family meetings <ul><li>Vocational Training </li></ul><ul><li>Trades training </li></ul><ul><li>Crèche </li></ul><ul><li>Safety equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul><ul><li>Examinations </li></ul>Additional Skill Training Integrated in VT Empowerment, literacy, career orientation, safety & first aid, reproductive health & nutrition, leadership, life skills/ counseling, family awareness on gender, MED, savings and credit. Institutional Capacity Building VT, organizational & business management, teacher training, syllabus & material development, gender/WEE training, infrastructure for VT & businesses. Establish small businesses, producer groups & provide business counseling Trade specific marketing & financial skills training Monitoring On-the-job training <ul><li>Project Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment , purchase, renovation, select trainees, food and transportation for trainees. </li></ul>
  6. 6. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN <ul><li>Context and existing conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong cultural, religious, societal traditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low literacy levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited access to sustainable employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child labour to supplement income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low income and large family size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased rent prices and levels of debt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited access to credit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobility challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate nutrition </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN <ul><li>Labour Market Situation </li></ul><ul><li>Crafts and trades are the major category of business </li></ul><ul><li>Service/shop category is the second most prevalent </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access to credit for SMEs </li></ul>
  8. 8. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN <ul><li>Cross-Cutting Themes </li></ul><ul><li>Integrates a gender strategy to empower women </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive participation of all groups ( women, families, community) </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity development ( skills training and increase their income-earning capacity). </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance planning and management capacity of government, NGO and private sector partners </li></ul><ul><li>Establish strong partnerships ( local civil society organizations, private sector and government ministries.) </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination and sharing best practices and lessons learned with all stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Application of RBM </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Results as of March 31 , 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Out of 1025 trainees: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>65% are women (widows/mothers 33%, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>daughters 32%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>35% male youths (sons) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>463 successfully graduated, </li></ul><ul><li>the remaining trainees still in courses </li></ul><ul><li>10 trainees accessed On the Job Training (OJT) </li></ul><ul><li>100% of graduates received tool kits </li></ul><ul><li>100% of graduates received additional skill training </li></ul><ul><li>41% of graduates employed or self-employed 6 months after training </li></ul>Project Goal : 1700 individuals successfully complete VT training courses Target Group : Unemployed widows and their families
  10. 10. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN <ul><li>Trades classes offered </li></ul>No Trades Total number of classes 1 Bag Making 2 2 Bakery 3 3 Beautician 3 4 Carpentry 2 5 Charma / Dozy 4 6 Computer 4 7 Embroidery 11 8 Food Processing 2 9 House Wiring 4 10 Mobile Phone Repair 5 11 Plumbing 1 Total 41
  11. 11. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN Additional skills training modules 1 Female Trainee Empowerment 2 Career Orientation 3 Life Skills/Counselling 4 Reproductive Health (including HIV/AIDS) 5 Nutrition 6 Occupational Health & Safety 7 First Aid 8 Gender 9 Savings & Credit 10 Leadership 11 Cooperatives 12 Career Skills 13 Worker Rights & Responsibilities 14 Business Development Skills and how to set-up a Business Unit – throughout VT 15 Literacy - throughout VT
  12. 12. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN <ul><li>The project also provides capacity building initiatives with the local training partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreement with eight partners (providing 41 training classes in total) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twenty training classes (average 20-25 trainees/course) completed (22 on-going) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two training of trainers courses for fifty VT instructors employed by local training partners </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. VTAWP AFGHANISTAN <ul><li>Lessons learned from Sustainable Livelihood Projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The project must maintain a high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>degree of adaptability to respond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to market demands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An employment-oriented approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>is critical, as is up-front and follow-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>research on labour and employment markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without providing ongoing support and follow up assistance to employment and self-employment, the risk of not continuing in the trained trade is very high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business training and emphasis on quality control must be provided along with VT in order to lead to employment </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Lessons learned from Sustainable Livelihood Projects continued </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses should be linked to locally available resources and markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In traditional activities such as tailoring and embroidery, the market is highly competitive, therefore there must be emphasis on producing high quality products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological improvements can lead to higher quality and higher income earning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ages of the widows may determine which training is more suitable; therefore a mix of traditional and non-traditional trades is recommended to have more scope for involving widows of all ages </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Thank you <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>