Apart from their title, the Millennium Development Goals are not new. These problems were already major concerns for world leaders and international cooperation agencies in the 1990s. The Millennium Declaration of 2000 was signed to stop and reverse human conditions that worsened since the 1980s, and particularly since the end of the Cold War. As such, the Declaration itself covers or cuts across issues of peace security and development, including the environment, protection of vulnerable groups, human rights and governance. First set of goals shared by developing and developed countries alike. It’s a shared responsibility between developed and developing countries: Goals 1-7 call on governments in developing countries to channel resources towards these objectives by reforming their policies and improving governance. Goal 8 calls on rich countries like Canada to recognize that meeting the Goals can only be achieved through a global partnership in which rich countries must provide more and better aid, debt relief and more just trade rules. First set of goals of this kind that are measurable and time-bound. Each of the 191 countries who signed the Millennium Declaration is required to synchronize their poverty reduction plans with the Goals and their specific targets. Reaching the Goals means progress towards human rights Each Goal has corresponding human rights to the extend that any progress on one Goal means that we are that much closer to securing human rights. Efforts on the Goals have mobilized huge resources that are helping promote crucial human rights like health and access to education. The Goals also provide benchmarks against which progress or failures to secure human rights can be tracked and actions taken to change the situation. The Goals are essential to global security Kofi Annan, (former) United Nations Secretary-General said: ““ development, security and human rights go hand in hand. In a world of inter-connected threats and opportunities, it is in each country’s self-interest that all of these challenges are addressed effectively”… Gross inequalities create global instability which contributes to war, terrorism, forced migration and the collapse of industry. Meeting the Goals would free people from dehumanizing conditions and promote peace.
These Goals contain 18 measurable targets and indicators to help track progress towards them . For example, the target for Goal 5 is to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters. Comparisons are in relation to world conditions prevailing in 1990. Reference for facilitator: Targets: Goal 1 Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. Goal 2 Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling. Goal 3 Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015. Goal 4 Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate of children under five. Goal 5 Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio. Goal 6 Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS. Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases. Goal 7 Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water. Achieve significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020. Goal 8 Include more and better aid, trade justice and debt cancellation
After the Summit in 2000, the United Nations launched a worldwide Millennium Campaign to encourage young people’s involvement in supporting the MDGs. In Canada, organizations and student groups concerned with global issues decided to combine their efforts in one Canadian campaign: 8 Goals for a Better World. By championing the Goals together and calling for policies to achieve them, students and organizations can multiply their power, ideas, and impact.
When October 16th, 17th, 18th, 2009: From 12 a.m. GMT (relevant local time) on the 16th October to 11.39 p.m. GMT (relevant local time) on the 18th October Where Wherever people who want to be involved in the fight against poverty and support the achievement of the MDGs are. What Stand Up, Take Action, End Poverty Now! A three day mobilization to send a loud and clear message from citizens to leaders of rich and poor countries to take urgent action to achieve the MDGs. And once again break the Guinness World Record. Participants will need to register their event at www.standagainstpoverty.org before the start of the mobilization and then to report their numbers after they have taken part. Numbers will be counted and verified by Guinness World Records. Thematic Focus This year Stand Up will once again provide an energetic, high impact platform for people to raise the profile of MDG- related issues relevant to their region, country or community. However, this year Stand Up will begin on October 16th, World Food Day, and on this one day the focus on food security and on hunger will be greater. As always, the policy demands will be determined at the national and local levels by participants. But in recognition of the fact that many of the MDGs directly linked to the status of women are not doing well, campaigners are encouraged to give this year's Stand Up a clear focus on holding governments accountable for improving the status of women and their rights. This might range from a focus on improving maternal mortality or hunger and nutritional status for women and girls in poor countries. In rich countries this could be adapted to demanding urgent reform of trade-distorting agricultural subsidies. Top line Messages to leaders and policy makers • Time is running out, urgent and decisive implementation of MDG-related policies, budgets and programmes cannot wait any longer • Do not use the financial crisis as an excuse for ignoring and reneging on your commitments to the MDGs, we, the citizens of your own countries will not stand for it. The poor didn't cause this crisis; they can't be allowed to suffer for it. • Do not believe that internal domestic challenges such as job losses, financial instability and insecurity will drive societies inwards. Despite these domestic challenges, it is clear now more than ever, that we live in an interdependent world and that we need to find global solutions to revert the current scenario. This is why we are even more ready to Stand Up and demand that promises made to end poverty and inequality are kept, for us and for everyone. More information on www.standagainstpoverty.org Each year WUSC receives a number of resources for the STAND UP event which will be distributed in the first week of October. It’s important to register your committee on My Committee, to indicate your interest in participating in the 8 Goals campaign, and to describe the activity that your committee is planning in order to receive these materials.
8 Goals (ENG)
Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>In September 2000, </li></ul><ul><li>the international </li></ul><ul><li>community pledged </li></ul><ul><li>its commitment </li></ul><ul><li>towards the </li></ul><ul><li>eradication of world </li></ul><ul><li>poverty by 2015 by </li></ul><ul><li>ratifying the MDGs. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Amidst a deepening financial crisis and with only six years remaining until the 2015 deadline, now is an important time to ensure that achievement of the MDGs remains at the top of political and public agendas worldwide. </li></ul>MDGs: Towards 2015
The Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve universal primary education </li></ul><ul><li>Promote gender equality and empower women </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Improve maternal health </li></ul><ul><li>Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a global partnership for development </li></ul>
Reduce extreme poverty and hunger <ul><li>Approximately 1.4 billion persons survive on less than $1.25 US a day. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009, an estimated 55 million to 90 million more people will be living in extreme poverty than </li></ul><ul><li>anticipated before the economic crisis. </li></ul>
Ensure primary education for all Photo Chloë Ernst <ul><li>Approximately 72 million school age children lack access to primary schools. </li></ul>
Promote gender equality and the empowerment of women <ul><li>The proportion of women in non-agricultural wage employment in developing countries rose from 43% in 1990 to 47% om 2004. Let’s continue the trend! </li></ul>
Reduce infant mortality Photo: Kinia Adamczyk <ul><li>Worldwide, about 9 million children die every year from preventable, treatable causes. </li></ul><ul><li>That averages out to almost 25,000 deaths a day. </li></ul>
Improve maternal health Photo: Kinia Adamczyk <ul><li>One in every 16 mothers in Africa still die in childbirth compared to 1 in 4,000 in industrialized countries. </li></ul>
Fight HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases <ul><li>33 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>7 million people living with AIDS in developing countries still do not access AIDS treament </li></ul>
Ensure a sustainable environment Photo Jamie Komarnicki <ul><li>1.1 billion people lack access to safe drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>About 2.6 billion people (half the developing world) live without adequate sanitation. </li></ul>
Institute a world partnership for development <ul><li>The poorest countries cannot achieve Goals 1-7 without: </li></ul><ul><li>more and better aid </li></ul><ul><li>fairer trade opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>debt relief </li></ul>
Case Study: Uniterra At Work Health for Mother & Child on the Bolivian Plateau
<ul><li>Curahuara de Carangas (population 5,000): </li></ul><ul><li>A small indigenous community located in the heart of the Bolivian Altiplano, nearly 4,000m above sea level. </li></ul>Case Study: Uniterra At Work Health for Mother & Child on the Bolivian Plateau
<ul><li>2006: Over 90% of expectant women in Curahuara de Carangas were delivering at home instead of in health centres. </li></ul><ul><li>Mortality rates among the region’s mothers and newborns were spiralling out of control. </li></ul>Case Study: Uniterra At Work Health for Mother & Child on the Bolivian Plateau
<ul><li>Uniterra built a culturally-adapted birthing centre right in the community, attended by a traditional midwife. </li></ul><ul><li>By reducing the distance traveled, and by giving the centre a culturally appropriate design, expectant mothers became much more likely to deliver in a clean, safe and properly equipped health centre. </li></ul>Case Study: Uniterra At Work Health for Mother & Child on the Bolivian Plateau
<ul><li>After one year: </li></ul><ul><ul><li># of institutional births increased fivefold (x5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>84% of the municipality’s pregnant women receiving medical resources. </li></ul></ul>Case Study: Uniterra At Work Health for Mother & Child on the Bolivian Plateau
What is the Goals Campaign? <ul><li>The 8 Goals Campaign mobilizes Canadian post-secondary students to champion the MDGs. </li></ul><ul><li>Once informed on the issues, we can work together and call for policies to strengthen Canada’s contribution to global development. </li></ul>
Why should Local Committees take part? <ul><li>We have skills and interests in a variety of disciplines to contribute to the mobilization efforts in favour of the Millennium Development Goals. </li></ul><ul><li>We have strength in numbers. Together, we represent over half a million Canadian post-secondary students. </li></ul><ul><li>We have passion and energy. As young leaders of change, we have a big stake in the future. We must do our part to help make poverty history. </li></ul>
What You Can Do <ul><li>Organize a Stand Up and Take Action event: October 16-18, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Hold a Towards 2015 Symposium during International Development Week or Journées québécoises de la solidarité internationale (JQSI). </li></ul><ul><li>Take part in the Make Poverty History campaign and encourage others to sign on </li></ul>Join the 8 Goals campaign, hold a ‘Stand Up and Take Action’ event, sign on to Make Poverty History, champion the MDGs on campus, and call for policies to achieve them.
Days of Action <ul><li>Consider organizing your events around the </li></ul><ul><li>following designated 8 Goals campaign days: </li></ul>Stand Up & Take Action: October 16-18, 2009 International Development Week: February 7-13, 2010 Journées québécoises de la solidarité internationale : November 4-15, 2009
Stand Up and Take Action! October 16 – 18, 2009 <ul><li>In 2006, 23 million people stood up, in 2007 47 million people, last year 116 million people Stood Up and Took Action. Let's break the record again this year and send a louder message than ever - achieve the Millennium Developments </li></ul>
Make Poverty History <ul><li>Join a quarter million of Canadians who have signed on to Make Poverty History . We're calling for more and better aid, trade justice, debt cancellation, and an end to child poverty in Canada. </li></ul>
8 Goals – On The WEB <ul><li>For ideas, information, news, tips and resources on the 8 Goals campaign, please visit: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wusc.ca/en/campus/students/educate </li></ul>
Available Resources <ul><li>Find all of the following 8 Goals resources at: http://www.wusc.ca/en/campus/students/educate </li></ul><ul><li>8 Goals campaign poster </li></ul><ul><li>8 Goals information sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Links to Stand Up, Make Poverty History, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Local Committee Handbook (tips on event planning, fundraising, etc) </li></ul>
Sign Up! <ul><li>Sign up to participate in the Shine A Light campaign by logging in to My Committee! </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wusc.ca/en/campus/students/committee </li></ul>