1010f11 9-7

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Music & Text 1: Madrigals & Lieder

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1010f11 9-7

  1. 1. Music & Txt <ul><li>Madrigals & Lieder </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Text secondary to music </li></ul><ul><li>Music servant of text </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>text shapes the music </li></ul></ul></ul>Two Views
  3. 3. <ul><li>Text expression </li></ul><ul><li>Text depiction </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Poetry vs Prose </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ El Grillo” (The Cricket)
  6. 6. El grillo è buon cantoreChe tienne longo verso.Dalle beve grillo cantaEl grillo è buon cantore.Ma non fa come gli altri uccelli,Come li han cantato un poco,Van' de fatto in altro locoSempre el grillo sta pur saldo.Quando la maggior è 'l caldoAl'hor canta sol per amore.El grillo è buon cantoreChe tienne longo verso.Dalle beve grillo canta.El grillo è buon cantore. The cricket is a good singerWho can hold a long line.Of drinking the cricket singsThe cricket is a good singer.But he doesn't do what birds do:After they've sung a bit,They go somewhere else;The cricket always stays put.And when the weather is hottestHe sings solely for love.The cricket is a good singerWho can hold a long line.Of drinking the cricket sings.The cricket is a good singer.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Cricket can sing long notes </li></ul><ul><li>Cricket can stay in one place </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birds flit around </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cricket can sing drinking or love songs </li></ul>
  8. 8. El grillo è buon cantoreChe tienne longo verso.Dalle beve grillo cantaEl grillo è buon cantore.Ma non fa come gli altri uccelli,Come li han cantato un poco,Van' de fatto in altro locoSempre el grillo sta pur saldo.Quando la maggior è 'l caldoAl'hor canta sol per amore.El grillo è buon cantoreChe tienne longo verso.Dalle beve grillo canta.El grillo è buon cantore. The cricket is a good singerWho can hold a long line.Of drinking the cricket singsThe cricket is a good singer.But he doesn't do what birds do:After they've sung a bit,They go somewhere else;The cricket always stays put.And when the weather is hottestHe sings solely for love.The cricket is a good singerWho can hold a long line.Of drinking the cricket sings.The cricket is a good singer.
  9. 9. An example of word-painting in “The Cricket” is on the word(s):? <ul><li>1) buon (good) </li></ul><ul><li>2) cantore (singer) </li></ul><ul><li>3) uccelli (birds) </li></ul><ul><li>4) longo verso (long line) </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Madrigal
  11. 11. The Madrigal <ul><li>Most important secular genre in Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>emphasis on text </li></ul><ul><li>3, 4, or 5 voices </li></ul><ul><li>Amateur enjoyment </li></ul>
  12. 12. The poetry <ul><li>Single stanza (verse) </li></ul><ul><li>“Highbrow” poetry </li></ul><ul><li>sentimental and/or erotic </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Music <ul><li>Extreme attention to words </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>word-painting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>homophonic, polyphonic </li></ul><ul><li>instruments sometimes </li></ul>
  14. 14. Renaissance English madrigals represent music from the time of? <ul><li>1) Chaucer </li></ul><ul><li>2) Dickens </li></ul><ul><li>3) Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>4) King Arthur </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Italy first, then England </li></ul>
  16. 16. As Vesta was from Latmos hill descending She spied a maiden queen the same ascending, Attended on by all the shepherd’s swain; To whom Diana’s darlings came running down amain. First two by two, then three by three together Leaving their Goddess all alone, hasted thither; And mingling with the shepherds of her train, With mirthful tunes her presence did entertain. Then sang the shepherds and nymphs of Diana: Long live fair Oriana!!
  17. 17. Thomas Weelkes <ul><li>1575-1623 </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth I, James I </li></ul><ul><li>sacred and secular </li></ul><ul><li>dismissed for drunkenness </li></ul>
  18. 18. Weelkes, “Since Robin Hood” <ul><li>About dancing, William Kemp </li></ul><ul><li>Shifts from duple to triple </li></ul><ul><li>word-painting </li></ul><ul><li>melody preexisting dance tune </li></ul>
  19. 19. Since Robin Hood, Maid Marian,And Little John are gone,The hobby horse was quite forgot,When Kemp did dance alone.He did labour after the tabor.For to dance then into France.He took pains to skip itIn hope of gains.He did trip it on the toe,Diddle diddle diddle doe.
  20. 20. Since Robin Hood, Maid Marian,And Little John are gone,The hobby horse was quite forgot,When Kemp did dance alone. He did labour after the tabor.For to dance then into France.He took pains to skip it In hope of gains. He did trip it on the toe,Diddle diddle diddle doe. He did trip it on the toe,Diddle diddle diddle doe. He did trip it on the toe,Diddle diddle diddle doe. ---iambic: short--LONG --trochaic: LONG--short --anapestic: short--short--LONG
  21. 21. “Since Robin Hood” has more than one: <ul><li>1) poem </li></ul><ul><li>2) meter </li></ul><ul><li>3) language </li></ul><ul><li>4) composer </li></ul>
  22. 22. When the meaning of a word or group of words is highlighted musically, this is called? <ul><li>1) Word-painting </li></ul><ul><li>2) Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>3) Strophic form </li></ul><ul><li>4) Meter </li></ul>
  23. 23. Nineteenth-century Song
  24. 24. Lied (Lieder)
  25. 25. strophic through-composed modified strophic
  26. 26. Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
  27. 27. Robert & Clara Schumann
  28. 28. “ Dedication” (1840)
  29. 29. How many different sections of music are there in “Dedication”? <ul><li>1) one </li></ul><ul><li>2) two </li></ul><ul><li>3) three </li></ul><ul><li>4) four </li></ul>
  30. 30. Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
  31. 31. Schubertiad
  32. 32. The German term used for 19th century song for solo voice and piano is: <ul><li>Erlkönig </li></ul><ul><li>ballad </li></ul><ul><li>aria </li></ul><ul><li>Lied </li></ul>
  33. 33. When all verses are set to the same music it is called:? <ul><li>1) through-composed </li></ul><ul><li>2) strophic </li></ul>
  34. 34. Der Erlkönig (The Elfking)
  35. 35. “Erlkönig”: Reichardt N F S F E F S poem by Goethe
  36. 36. E S F E S N
  37. 37. “Erlkönig”: Schubert N F S F E F S poem by Goethe
  38. 38. E S F E S N
  39. 39. Construction of Meaning in the Lied musical verbal singer piano poet composer
  40. 40. In Schubert’s “Erlkönig,” each strophe of the poem is set to: _____. <ul><li>the same music </li></ul><ul><li>different music, with some elements returning </li></ul>
  41. 41. In Schubert’s “Erlkönig,” the piano part suggests the ______. <ul><li>wind in the trees </li></ul><ul><li>father’s voice </li></ul><ul><li>horse’s gallop </li></ul><ul><li>Erlkönig’s presence </li></ul>
  42. 42. “ Im Wunderschönen Monat Mai” from Dichterliebe Robert Schumann

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