WCT DanceMedieval, Renaissance, Baroque
Music for Dancing
Which is probably not a characteristic of    dance music?• 1) complex melodies• 2) clear, steady beat• 3) lots of repetition
Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie   • several repeated sections   • clear meter   • very steady beat
Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie   • several repeated sections   • clear meter   • very steady beat
Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie   • several repeated sections   • clear meter   • very steady beat
Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie   • several repeated sections   • clear meter   • very steady beat
Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie   • several repeated sections   • clear meter   • very steady beat
Cantigas de Santa Maria
Cantigas de Santa Maria
Cantigas de Santa Maria
Alfonso el Sabio, “He Who Gladly Serves”• Cantigas• Repetition and Contrast• Three textures
Introduction drumsSection A   monophony      Shawms 1 & 2 unisonSection B   monophonySection A   monophonySection A   homo...
Introduction drumsSection A   monophony      Shawms 1 & 2 unisonSection B   monophonySection A   monophonySection A   homo...
Introduction drumsSection A   monophony      Shawms 1 & 2 unisonSection B   monophonySection A   monophonySection A   homo...
In “He Who GladlyServes,” we hear _____.•   1) percussion    instruments•   2) string instruments•   3) wind instruments• ...
Renaissance Dance      Music
In the 1500s:   • many new instruments developed or     perfected   • dance music more and more popular   • social status
Popular Renaissance Dances
Popular Renaissance Dances• pavan •   solemn dance, slow duple meter, formal     stepping and stopping
Popular Renaissance Dances• pavan  •   solemn dance, slow duple meter, formal      stepping and stopping• galliard  •   li...
Popular Renaissance Dances• pavan  •   solemn dance, slow duple meter, formal      stepping and stopping• galliard  •   li...
• characteristic rhythm to support steps• simple textures & tunes• frequent repetition
Galliard, “Daphne”•   clear beat, triple meter feel•   simple homophonic texture•   aabbcc
Galliard, “Daphne”•   clear beat, triple meter feel•   simple homophonic texture•   aabbcc
Galliard, “Daphne”•   clear beat, triple meter feel•   simple homophonic texture•   aabbcc
“Kemp’s Jig”•   fast duple meter•   aab•   increasing ornamentation
“Kemp’s Jig”•   fast duple meter•   aab•   increasing ornamentation
“Kemp’s Jig”•   fast duple meter•   aab•   increasing ornamentation
Which of these two   dances is faster?• 1) Galliard• 2) Jig
Susato, “Moorish         Dance”• entertainment for large gatherings• large ensemble•a a b b
Susato, “Moorish         Dance”• entertainment for large gatherings• large ensemble•a a b b
Susato, “Moorish         Dance”• entertainment for large gatherings• large ensemble•a a b b
Baroque Dance Suites
A “suite” is• a collection of short dances• dances contrast with one another• solo instrument or ensemble
Some examples (don’t write all of this down)Allemande  4/4  Moderate  Upbeat 16th note, flowingCourante 3/2      Moderate s...
• most are binary (a a b b)
• most are binary (a a b b)• Minuet & Trio / Gavotte & Trio
• most are binary (a a b b)• Minuet & Trio / Gavotte & Trio   • a a b b c c d d ab
• most are binary (a a b b)• Minuet & Trio / Gavotte & Trio   • a a b b c c d d ab
• most are binary (a a b b)• Minuet & Trio / Gavotte & Trio   • a a b b c c d d ab
Bach’s Fifth French Suite• Allemande• Courante• Sarabande• Gavotte• Bourée• Loure• Gigue
Are Baroque suites      solo or ensemble           music?•   1) Solo•   2) Ensemble•   3) Both/either•   4) Neither
Handel, Water Music       (1717)• King George I river party• stylized dance music• suite
Rigaudon
RigaudonA   A      B   B
RigaudonA   A      B   B
RigaudonA   A      B   B
Hornpipe
HornpipeA   A     B        B
HornpipeA   A     B        B   (Strings)A   A     B        B   (Winds)                        (StringsA   A     B        B...
HornpipeA   A     B        B   (Strings)A   A     B        B   (Winds)                        (StringsA   A     B        B...
HornpipeA   A     B        B   (Strings)A   A     B        B   (Winds)                        (StringsA   A     B        B...
1010 f11 10-17
1010 f11 10-17
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1010 f11 10-17

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  • 1010 f11 10-17

    1. 1. WCT DanceMedieval, Renaissance, Baroque
    2. 2. Music for Dancing
    3. 3. Which is probably not a characteristic of dance music?• 1) complex melodies• 2) clear, steady beat• 3) lots of repetition
    4. 4. Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie • several repeated sections • clear meter • very steady beat
    5. 5. Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie • several repeated sections • clear meter • very steady beat
    6. 6. Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie • several repeated sections • clear meter • very steady beat
    7. 7. Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie • several repeated sections • clear meter • very steady beat
    8. 8. Medieval dance music• Carole-- “Circle Dance”• Estampie • several repeated sections • clear meter • very steady beat
    9. 9. Cantigas de Santa Maria
    10. 10. Cantigas de Santa Maria
    11. 11. Cantigas de Santa Maria
    12. 12. Alfonso el Sabio, “He Who Gladly Serves”• Cantigas• Repetition and Contrast• Three textures
    13. 13. Introduction drumsSection A monophony Shawms 1 & 2 unisonSection B monophonySection A monophonySection A homophony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2: droneSection B heterophony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2:Section A heterophony embellished melodySection A homphony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2: droneSection A mono/hetero various
    14. 14. Introduction drumsSection A monophony Shawms 1 & 2 unisonSection B monophonySection A monophonySection A homophony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2: droneSection B heterophony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2:Section A heterophony embellished melodySection A homphony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2: droneSection A mono/hetero various
    15. 15. Introduction drumsSection A monophony Shawms 1 & 2 unisonSection B monophonySection A monophonySection A homophony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2: droneSection B heterophony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2:Section A heterophony embellished melodySection A homphony Shawm 1: melody, Shawm 2: droneSection A mono/hetero various
    16. 16. In “He Who GladlyServes,” we hear _____.• 1) percussion instruments• 2) string instruments• 3) wind instruments• 4) wind and Percussion Instruments
    17. 17. Renaissance Dance Music
    18. 18. In the 1500s: • many new instruments developed or perfected • dance music more and more popular • social status
    19. 19. Popular Renaissance Dances
    20. 20. Popular Renaissance Dances• pavan • solemn dance, slow duple meter, formal stepping and stopping
    21. 21. Popular Renaissance Dances• pavan • solemn dance, slow duple meter, formal stepping and stopping• galliard • lively dance, fast triple meter, kicking and leaping steps
    22. 22. Popular Renaissance Dances• pavan • solemn dance, slow duple meter, formal stepping and stopping• galliard • lively dance, fast triple meter, kicking and leaping steps• jig • very fast dance in compound meter
    23. 23. • characteristic rhythm to support steps• simple textures & tunes• frequent repetition
    24. 24. Galliard, “Daphne”• clear beat, triple meter feel• simple homophonic texture• aabbcc
    25. 25. Galliard, “Daphne”• clear beat, triple meter feel• simple homophonic texture• aabbcc
    26. 26. Galliard, “Daphne”• clear beat, triple meter feel• simple homophonic texture• aabbcc
    27. 27. “Kemp’s Jig”• fast duple meter• aab• increasing ornamentation
    28. 28. “Kemp’s Jig”• fast duple meter• aab• increasing ornamentation
    29. 29. “Kemp’s Jig”• fast duple meter• aab• increasing ornamentation
    30. 30. Which of these two dances is faster?• 1) Galliard• 2) Jig
    31. 31. Susato, “Moorish Dance”• entertainment for large gatherings• large ensemble•a a b b
    32. 32. Susato, “Moorish Dance”• entertainment for large gatherings• large ensemble•a a b b
    33. 33. Susato, “Moorish Dance”• entertainment for large gatherings• large ensemble•a a b b
    34. 34. Baroque Dance Suites
    35. 35. A “suite” is• a collection of short dances• dances contrast with one another• solo instrument or ensemble
    36. 36. Some examples (don’t write all of this down)Allemande 4/4 Moderate Upbeat 16th note, flowingCourante 3/2 Moderate sometimes 6/4 measuresSarabande 3/4 Slow no upbeat, accent on beat 2Minuet 3/4 Moderate plainGavotte 4/4 Moderate upbeat 2 quarter notesBourée 2/2 Fast Short upbeatSiciliana 12/8 Moderate uneven rhythms, gently movingGigue 6/8 Fast Short Upbeat, uneven rhythms, lively
    37. 37. • most are binary (a a b b)
    38. 38. • most are binary (a a b b)• Minuet & Trio / Gavotte & Trio
    39. 39. • most are binary (a a b b)• Minuet & Trio / Gavotte & Trio • a a b b c c d d ab
    40. 40. • most are binary (a a b b)• Minuet & Trio / Gavotte & Trio • a a b b c c d d ab
    41. 41. • most are binary (a a b b)• Minuet & Trio / Gavotte & Trio • a a b b c c d d ab
    42. 42. Bach’s Fifth French Suite• Allemande• Courante• Sarabande• Gavotte• Bourée• Loure• Gigue
    43. 43. Are Baroque suites solo or ensemble music?• 1) Solo• 2) Ensemble• 3) Both/either• 4) Neither
    44. 44. Handel, Water Music (1717)• King George I river party• stylized dance music• suite
    45. 45. Rigaudon
    46. 46. RigaudonA A B B
    47. 47. RigaudonA A B B
    48. 48. RigaudonA A B B
    49. 49. Hornpipe
    50. 50. HornpipeA A B B
    51. 51. HornpipeA A B B (Strings)A A B B (Winds) (StringsA A B B & Winds)
    52. 52. HornpipeA A B B (Strings)A A B B (Winds) (StringsA A B B & Winds)
    53. 53. HornpipeA A B B (Strings)A A B B (Winds) (StringsA A B B & Winds)

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