1010f11 9-16

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American Musical

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1010f11 9-16

  1. 1. The American Musical
  2. 2. Precursive & Contemporaneous Genres <ul><li>Vaudeville </li></ul><ul><li>Revues </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ziegfeld follies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Operettas </li></ul>
  3. 3. Musicals <ul><li>Stage play plus singing and dancing </li></ul><ul><li>Popular styles </li></ul><ul><li>Often comedic </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is one difference between Operettas and Musicals? <ul><li>1) Operettas are performed in theatres, Musicals are not </li></ul><ul><li>2) Operettas have spoken dialogue, Musicals do not </li></ul><ul><li>3) Operettas are more closely tied to the classical tradition, while Musicals are oriented toward popular song. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Vehicle for star performer, loose plots </li></ul><ul><li>Showboat (1927) changed this </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Jerome Kern, music </li></ul><ul><li>Oscar Hammerstein II, text and lyrics </li></ul><ul><li>social issues </li></ul>Showboat (1927)
  7. 7. <ul><li>“Can’t Help Lovin’ Dat Man” </li></ul><ul><li>“Ol’ Man River” </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>1) It combined music and acting </li></ul><ul><li>2) Its plot dealt with sensitive issues such as racism </li></ul><ul><li>3) There was a working river on the stage </li></ul>One of the innovative features of Showboat was?
  9. 9. Oklahoma! (1943) <ul><li>Richard Rogers, music; Hammerstein, lyrics </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Lynn Riggs play Green Grow the Lilacs </li></ul><ul><li>Unprecedented run of 2, 212 performances </li></ul><ul><li>Special Pulitzer prize awarded 1944 </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Set in 1906, Oklahoma territory </li></ul><ul><li>Curley and Laurey </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>“Oh What a Beautiful Mornin’” </li></ul><ul><li>“The Surrey with the Fringe on Top” </li></ul><ul><li>“Oklahoma” </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>1) Kern and Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>2) Rogers and Hammerstein </li></ul><ul><li>3) George and Ira Gershwin </li></ul><ul><li>4) San Francisco Giants </li></ul>Oklahoma! was a product of the outstanding team:
  13. 13. West Side Story (1957) <ul><li>Leonard Bernstein, music </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen Sondheim, lyrics </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur Laurents, book </li></ul><ul><li>Jerome Robbins, choreography </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>retelling of Romeo & Juliet </li></ul><ul><li>Jets & Sharks </li></ul><ul><li>Tony & Maria </li></ul><ul><li>Anita & Bernardo </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>1) Street gangs: one White (Polish) and the other Puerto Rican </li></ul><ul><li>2) Two fathers: one works in a nuclear power plant, the other owns the Kwik-e-Mart </li></ul>In West Side Story , the role of the “feuding families” is played by
  16. 17. <ul><li>“Cool” </li></ul><ul><li>“Maria” </li></ul><ul><li>“America” </li></ul><ul><li>“Tonight” </li></ul>

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