--ﬁrst symphony by an African-American performed by a major orchestra--ﬁrst African-American to conduct a major US orchestra--ﬁrst opera by an African-American performed by a major US opera company
Afro-American Symphony, third movement “Humor” (1931) introduction syncopated, ragtime main theme Strings soar Solo oboe takes theme, passes it around Trombones & horns take it up Derivative motive in strings passed around Hints of main theme also present New theme, bluesy First theme comes back Rousing conclusion
Terry Riley: "I think I was noticing that things didnt soundthe same when you heard them more than once. And themore you heard them, the more different they did sound. Even though something was staying the same, it waschanging...In those days the ﬁrst psychedelic experienceswere starting to happen in America, and that was changing our concept of how time passes..."
Minimalism seems to favor• 1) complex structures and harmonies• 2) intentional simpliﬁcation