Upcoming SlideShare
×

# 1010f11 10-3

403 views
380 views

Published on

Concerto

0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
• Full Name
Comment goes here.

Are you sure you want to Yes No
• Be the first to comment

• Be the first to like this

Views
Total views
403
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
3
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• \n
• ### 1010f11 10-3

1. 1. Virtuosity pt. 1 Concertos
2. 2. What’s virtuosity?
3. 3. • Relative to the instrument / voice• Display over expression• Extremes (tempo, register)
4. 4. What’s a concerto?
5. 5. Concerto• Concertare = skirmish, contend, dispute• Conserto = to bind, join together• Contrast
6. 6. Soloist(s) & Orchestra
7. 7. Early 18th C. (Baroque) vs.Later 18th C. (Classical
8. 8. Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)• Venice, “The Red Priest”• Pio Ospedale della Pietà• over 500 Concertos
9. 9. The Concerto contrast between
10. 10. The Concerto contrast betweensmall group
11. 11. The Concerto contrast betweensmall group large group
12. 12. ...orcontrast between
13. 13. ...or contrast betweensoloist
14. 14. ...or contrast betweensoloist orchestra
15. 15. volume virtuosity Contrasttimbre themes
16. 16. A baroque concerto contrasts asoloist or solo group with a ______. 1. larger ensemble 2. basso continuo 3. chorus of singers 4. second soloist
17. 17. Ritornello Form alternation betweenSmall group/ Large group/ soloist orchestra
18. 18. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4Ritornello = something that returns
19. 19. The ritornello in aconcerto is a kind of ____.1. accompaniment2. orchestra refrain3. solo section4. fugue subject
20. 20. Vivaldi, Four Seasons (1723)• 4 Violin concertos (3 mvts each) • Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter• Written to go with sonnets• Often depicts characteristics of the season• program music
21. 21. “Winter”mvt 1 To tremble from cold in the icy snow, In the harsh breath of a horrid wind; To run, stamping ones feet every moment, Our teeth chattering in the extreme coldmvt 2 Before the ﬁre to pass peaceful, Contented days while the rain outside pours down.mvt 3 We tread the icy path slowly and cautiously, for fear of tripping and falling. Then turn abruptly, slip, crash on the ground and, rising, hasten on across the ice lest it cracks up. We feel the chill north winds course through the home despite the locked and bolted doors... this is winter, which nonetheless brings its own delights.
22. 22. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
23. 23. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
24. 24. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
25. 25. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
26. 26. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
27. 27. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
28. 28. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
29. 29. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
30. 30. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
31. 31. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
32. 32. R1 S1 R2 S2 R3 S3 R4 “to “in the “to run, “our teeth, tremble harsh chattering stampingfrom cold breath of in the in the icy a horrid one’s extreme snow” wind” feet” cold”
33. 33. Program music is music which:• 1) has a text (lyrics)• 2) is performed in concerts• 3) refers to a story, event, or idea• 4) is heard in the background
34. 34. In Vivaldi’s Winter, the repetitive ﬁgure in both the orchestra and solo parts suggests:• 1) stamping of the feet• 2) ducks attacking• 3) trembling in the cold wind• 4) sitting under a shade tree
35. 35. “Autumn” mvt 1Celebrates the peasant, with songs and dances,The pleasure of a bountiful harvest.And ﬁred up by Bacchus liquor, many end their revelry in sleep mvt 2Everyone is made to forget their cares and to sing and danceBy the air which is tempered with pleasureAnd (by) the season that invites so many, manyOut of their sweetest slumber to ﬁne enjoyment mvt 3The hunters emerge at the new dawn,And with horns and dogs and guns depart upon their huntingThe beast ﬂees and they follow its trail;Terriﬁed and tired of the great noiseOf guns and dogs, the beast, wounded, threatensLanguidly to ﬂee, but harried, dies.
36. 36. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
37. 37. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
38. 38. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
39. 39. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
40. 40. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
41. 41. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
42. 42. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
43. 43. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
44. 44. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
45. 45. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
46. 46. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
47. 47. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
48. 48. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 S1 S2 S3 S4 aaabcc aabcc acc aasong & song & cc dance dance sleep drunk
49. 49. Later 18th C. (Classical)
50. 50. Mozart concertos• 30 for piano• 5 for violin• 2 ﬂute, 1 oboe, 1 clarinet, 4 horn, 1 bassoon• various multiple- instrument concertos
51. 51. Piano concertos
52. 52. Piano concertos• Fortepiano
53. 53. Piano concertos• Fortepiano• 1771-1791
54. 54. Piano concertos• Fortepiano• 1771-1791• Vienna subscription series
55. 55. Piano concertos• Fortepiano• 1771-1791• Vienna subscription series• for himself and others
56. 56. Classical concertos are a hybrid of• 1) Ritornello and Sonata forms• 2) Ritornello and Fugue• 3) Dance movements and opera
57. 57. Classical concerto form “hybrid” of sonata and ritornello forms
58. 58. Ritornello form
59. 59. Ritornello formR1 R2 R3 R4 S1 S2 S3
60. 60. Ritornello formR1 R2 R3 R4 S1 S2 S3 Sonata form
61. 61. Ritornello form R1 R2 R3 R4 S1 S2 S3 Sonata formExposition Development Recapitulation
62. 62. Ritornello form R1 R2 R3 R4 S1 S2 S3 Sonata formExposition Development RecapitulationTh1, Br, Th2, Closing
63. 63. Ritornello form R1 R2 R3 R4 S1 S2 S3 Sonata formExposition Development RecapitulationTh1, Br, Th2, Th1, Br, Th2, Closing Closing
64. 64. Classical Concerto FormExposition Development RecapitulationR1 S1 (R2) S2 (R3) S3 R4.1 Cadenza R4.2
65. 65. Piano Concerto in A, K488 (1786)
66. 66. Mozart, Piano Concerto in A, K. 488, mvt. 1Orchestral Expo 1. lyrical strings 2. energetic full orchestra 3. lyrical, conjunct strings then windsSolo Expo 1., elaborated soloist 2., modulating orchestra plus soloist 3., new key soloist 4., new theme orchestra
67. 67. Mozart, Piano Concerto in A, K. 488, mvt. 1Orchestral Expo 1. lyrical strings 2. energetic full orchestra 3. lyrical, conjunct strings then windsSolo Expo 1., elaborated soloist 2., modulating orchestra plus soloist 3., new key soloist 4., new theme orchestra
68. 68. Development 4., fragmented winds, soloist, orch. dialogueRecapitulation 1. solo + orch 2., stays in home key solo + orch 3., in home key solo + orch 4., in home key solo + orch 2. orchestra 4. orchestra Cadenza improvisation soloist Coda 3. orchestra
69. 69. Development 4., fragmented winds, soloist, orch. dialogueRecapitulation 1. solo + orch 2., stays in home key solo + orch 3., in home key solo + orch 4., in home key solo + orch 2. orchestra 4. orchestra Cadenza improvisation soloist Coda 3. orchestra