1010 f11 8-26

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Historical periods in WCT

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1010 f11 8-26

  1. 1. Periodization in classical music
  2. 2.  Medieval (??? – 1400) Renaissance (1400-1600) Baroque (1600-1750) Classical (1750-1830) Romantic (1830-1920) Modern (1920-??)
  3. 3.  Innovation Shifts in Cultural Attitudes Technology Boredom
  4. 4.  “Middle Ages” or “Dark Ages” Domination of Church and Court Societal divisions  Wealth or poverty  Well-schooled or not at all
  5. 5.  Sacred music  Courtly love songs  Dance piecesKey Characteristics: Monophonic, Dominated by Church and Court
  6. 6.  Ancient Greek & Roman ideals Humanism Learning, Literacy, Exploration
  7. 7.  Rich harmony Close relationship with text Mostly a capella, but… Also dance pieces Key Characteristics: a Capella harmony, text-driven
  8. 8. Josquin des Prez(1440-1521)
  9. 9. Handel & Bach
  10. 10.  Light & Shade Perspective Active rather than static Contrast
  11. 11.  Absolute Monarchs (Louis XIV) Elaborate palaces, clothing, habits, and music
  12. 12.  Dramatic shifts in dynamics, other elements Highly active texture Frilly, fussy melodies
  13. 13. Haydn & Mozart
  14. 14.  Kant’s “Moral Law Within” Equal Rights Social Reform Democracy Interest in common good
  15. 15.  Music for General Public Public Concerts Simple, immediately pleasing, balanced Generalized emotion, not individual
  16. 16. Romanticism (1830-1920)Berlioz, Liszt, Brahms
  17. 17.  Individual Truth Nature and the Supernatural Longing for the unattainable
  18. 18.  Pushed boundaries Freelance composing Artist as hero, Artist as outsider
  19. 19.  Reconsideration of established forms Musical storytelling Fragments & Monoliths Expanded harmonies, unbalanced melodies, rhythmic freedom, internal logic
  20. 20.  20th Century Extreme fragmentation of styles Reconsideration of inherited tradition Influence of popular music
  21. 21.  Impressionism Expressionism Abstraction / Experimentation
  22. 22.  Minimalism Polystylism

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