1010 f11 10-10

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Spirituals, Ragtime, Jazz

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  • 1010 f11 10-10

    1. 1. Spirituals, Ragtime, Jazz
    2. 2. Spirituals
    3. 3. • Religious songs created by enslaved Africans in America
    4. 4. Maple Leaf Rag, 1899
    5. 5. Maple Leaf Rag, 1899
    6. 6. Maple Leaf Rag, 1899
    7. 7. Scott Joplin (1868-1917)
    8. 8. So what’s “Ragtime?”
    9. 9. • saloons, brothels, etc.
    10. 10. • saloons, brothels, etc.• elements of African-American traditions
    11. 11. • saloons, brothels, etc.• elements of African-American traditions• dance music
    12. 12. • saloons, brothels, etc.• elements of African-American traditions• dance music• immensely popular with young people
    13. 13. Syncopation--regularly spaced accents against the meter--accompaniment two pulses, melody three (hemiola)
    14. 14. Syncopation --regularly spaced accents against the meter --accompaniment two pulses, melody three (hemiola)melody: x  o  o  x  o  o  x  o  o  x o o xaccomp.: x  o  x  o  x  o  x  o  x  o x o x
    15. 15. “Maple Leaf Rag”||: A :||: B :|| A ||: C :||: D :||
    16. 16. “Maple Leaf Rag”||: A :||: B :|| A ||: C :||: D :||
    17. 17. “Maple Leaf Rag”||: A :||: B :|| A ||: C :||: D :||
    18. 18. Joplin’s ragtime music features a regular beat playing against accents off the beat. This is called ________. 1. syncretism 2. ostinato 3. syncopation 4. polytonality
    19. 19. New Orleans Jazz
    20. 20. New Orleans Jazz• dominant Jazz style just after WWI• 12-bar blues progressions • melody presented • solos follow• “Hotter than that”
    21. 21. New Orleans Jazz• dominant Jazz style just after WWI• 12-bar blues progressions • melody presented • solos follow• “Hotter than that”
    22. 22. New Orleans Jazz• dominant Jazz style just after WWI• 12-bar blues progressions • melody presented • solos follow• “Hotter than that”
    23. 23. Leading New Orleans Jazz Musicians• Joe “King” Oliver (1885–1938), cornet• Louis Armstrong (1901–1971), trumpet• Jelly Roll Morton (1890–1941), piano
    24. 24. King Oliver and Louis Armstrong• King Oliver moved to Chicago in 1918 and formed his own band in 1920.• In 1922, Armstrong joined King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band.• They made some of the most important recordings in jazz history• Armstrong later formed his own band called the Hot Five or Hot Seven.
    25. 25. “West End Blues”• composed King Oliver• recorded Louis Armstrong• Intro, five choruses (including scat singing)
    26. 26. “West End Blues”• composed King Oliver• recorded Louis Armstrong• Intro, five choruses (including scat singing)
    27. 27. “West End Blues”• composed King Oliver• recorded Louis Armstrong• Intro, five choruses (including scat singing)
    28. 28. Swing
    29. 29. • Duke Ellington, “Cotton Tail”
    30. 30. • Duke Ellington, “Cotton Tail”
    31. 31. • Duke Ellington, “Cotton Tail”
    32. 32. Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington (1899-1974)
    33. 33. Ellington
    34. 34. What instrument did “Duke” Ellington play?1. Banjo2. Saxophone3. Piano4. Trumpet
    35. 35. • improvisation• “swing” rhythm
    36. 36. • improvisation• “swing” rhythm
    37. 37. • improvisation• “swing” rhythm
    38. 38. • Sections of band--roles
    39. 39. Which is not a section of the Jazz orchestra?1. Trumpets2. Rhythm3. Strings4. Saxophones
    40. 40. Choruses in “Cotton Tail”1. Tune (“Head”) presented2. Tenor saxophone solo3. Tenor saxophone solo4. Trumpets, Baritone saxophone, piano5. Saxophone section6. “Shout” chorus, Trumpet & Saxophone sections (head returns)
    41. 41. Choruses in “Cotton Tail”1. Tune (“Head”) presented2. Tenor saxophone solo3. Tenor saxophone solo4. Trumpets, Baritone saxophone, piano5. Saxophone section6. “Shout” chorus, Trumpet & Saxophone sections (head returns)
    42. 42. Choruses in “Cotton Tail”1. Tune (“Head”) presented2. Tenor saxophone solo3. Tenor saxophone solo4. Trumpets, Baritone saxophone, piano5. Saxophone section6. “Shout” chorus, Trumpet & Saxophone sections (head returns)
    43. 43. Bebop
    44. 44. Charlie Parker Miles Davis
    45. 45. Charlie Parker Miles Davis
    46. 46. Charlie Parker Miles Davis
    47. 47. Charlie Parker (1920-1955)
    48. 48. Charlie Parker played what instrument?1. Piano2. Drums3. Trumpet4. Saxophone
    49. 49. • small combos • alto sax, trumpet, tenor sax • piano, bass, drums
    50. 50. Which is not a way Bebop differs from Swing?1. Bebop uses smaller numbers of instruments2. Bebop does not feature improvisation3. Bebop is meant as “listening music”
    51. 51. Choruses for “Ornithology”1. Head, trumpet & saxes2. Alto saxophone solo3. Trumpet solo4. Tenor saxophone solo5. Head, trumpet & saxes
    52. 52. Choruses for “Ornithology”1. Head, trumpet & saxes2. Alto saxophone solo3. Trumpet solo4. Tenor saxophone solo5. Head, trumpet & saxes
    53. 53. Choruses for “Ornithology”1. Head, trumpet & saxes2. Alto saxophone solo3. Trumpet solo4. Tenor saxophone solo5. Head, trumpet & saxes

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