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1010 f11 10-10
 

1010 f11 10-10

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Spirituals, Ragtime, Jazz

Spirituals, Ragtime, Jazz

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1010 f11 10-10 1010 f11 10-10 Presentation Transcript

  • Spirituals, Ragtime, Jazz
  • Spirituals
  • • Religious songs created by enslaved Africans in America
  • Maple Leaf Rag, 1899
  • Maple Leaf Rag, 1899
  • Maple Leaf Rag, 1899
  • Scott Joplin (1868-1917)
  • So what’s “Ragtime?”
  • • saloons, brothels, etc.
  • • saloons, brothels, etc.• elements of African-American traditions
  • • saloons, brothels, etc.• elements of African-American traditions• dance music
  • • saloons, brothels, etc.• elements of African-American traditions• dance music• immensely popular with young people
  • Syncopation--regularly spaced accents against the meter--accompaniment two pulses, melody three (hemiola)
  • Syncopation --regularly spaced accents against the meter --accompaniment two pulses, melody three (hemiola)melody: x  o  o  x  o  o  x  o  o  x o o xaccomp.: x  o  x  o  x  o  x  o  x  o x o x
  • “Maple Leaf Rag”||: A :||: B :|| A ||: C :||: D :||
  • “Maple Leaf Rag”||: A :||: B :|| A ||: C :||: D :||
  • “Maple Leaf Rag”||: A :||: B :|| A ||: C :||: D :||
  • Joplin’s ragtime music features a regular beat playing against accents off the beat. This is called ________. 1. syncretism 2. ostinato 3. syncopation 4. polytonality
  • New Orleans Jazz
  • New Orleans Jazz• dominant Jazz style just after WWI• 12-bar blues progressions • melody presented • solos follow• “Hotter than that”
  • New Orleans Jazz• dominant Jazz style just after WWI• 12-bar blues progressions • melody presented • solos follow• “Hotter than that”
  • New Orleans Jazz• dominant Jazz style just after WWI• 12-bar blues progressions • melody presented • solos follow• “Hotter than that”
  • Leading New Orleans Jazz Musicians• Joe “King” Oliver (1885–1938), cornet• Louis Armstrong (1901–1971), trumpet• Jelly Roll Morton (1890–1941), piano
  • King Oliver and Louis Armstrong• King Oliver moved to Chicago in 1918 and formed his own band in 1920.• In 1922, Armstrong joined King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band.• They made some of the most important recordings in jazz history• Armstrong later formed his own band called the Hot Five or Hot Seven.
  • “West End Blues”• composed King Oliver• recorded Louis Armstrong• Intro, five choruses (including scat singing)
  • “West End Blues”• composed King Oliver• recorded Louis Armstrong• Intro, five choruses (including scat singing)
  • “West End Blues”• composed King Oliver• recorded Louis Armstrong• Intro, five choruses (including scat singing)
  • Swing
  • • Duke Ellington, “Cotton Tail”
  • • Duke Ellington, “Cotton Tail”
  • • Duke Ellington, “Cotton Tail”
  • Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington (1899-1974)
  • Ellington
  • What instrument did “Duke” Ellington play?1. Banjo2. Saxophone3. Piano4. Trumpet
  • • improvisation• “swing” rhythm
  • • improvisation• “swing” rhythm
  • • improvisation• “swing” rhythm
  • • Sections of band--roles
  • Which is not a section of the Jazz orchestra?1. Trumpets2. Rhythm3. Strings4. Saxophones
  • Choruses in “Cotton Tail”1. Tune (“Head”) presented2. Tenor saxophone solo3. Tenor saxophone solo4. Trumpets, Baritone saxophone, piano5. Saxophone section6. “Shout” chorus, Trumpet & Saxophone sections (head returns)
  • Choruses in “Cotton Tail”1. Tune (“Head”) presented2. Tenor saxophone solo3. Tenor saxophone solo4. Trumpets, Baritone saxophone, piano5. Saxophone section6. “Shout” chorus, Trumpet & Saxophone sections (head returns)
  • Choruses in “Cotton Tail”1. Tune (“Head”) presented2. Tenor saxophone solo3. Tenor saxophone solo4. Trumpets, Baritone saxophone, piano5. Saxophone section6. “Shout” chorus, Trumpet & Saxophone sections (head returns)
  • Bebop
  • Charlie Parker Miles Davis
  • Charlie Parker Miles Davis
  • Charlie Parker Miles Davis
  • Charlie Parker (1920-1955)
  • Charlie Parker played what instrument?1. Piano2. Drums3. Trumpet4. Saxophone
  • • small combos • alto sax, trumpet, tenor sax • piano, bass, drums
  • Which is not a way Bebop differs from Swing?1. Bebop uses smaller numbers of instruments2. Bebop does not feature improvisation3. Bebop is meant as “listening music”
  • Choruses for “Ornithology”1. Head, trumpet & saxes2. Alto saxophone solo3. Trumpet solo4. Tenor saxophone solo5. Head, trumpet & saxes
  • Choruses for “Ornithology”1. Head, trumpet & saxes2. Alto saxophone solo3. Trumpet solo4. Tenor saxophone solo5. Head, trumpet & saxes
  • Choruses for “Ornithology”1. Head, trumpet & saxes2. Alto saxophone solo3. Trumpet solo4. Tenor saxophone solo5. Head, trumpet & saxes