Funded by US Department of Education office of Educational Research and Improvement
Research based messages that are clear and directly relevant to classroom practice
Why is this important?
What should superintendents know about effective instruction?
Why is this important?
Research: How People Learn
You have 25 minutes. Jigsaw “How People Learn.” Groups of 4
2-page 15-17, starting with Implications
3-page 18- Bringing Order
4-page 21, top to pg 23
Read to yourself first. You will then teach your section to the group. Underline, etc.
Identify one “golden line”
Be ready to discuss.
Looking at the Research
How People Learn – Key Findings
Students come to the classroom with preconceptions about how the world works.
To develop competence in an area of inquiry, students must have opportunities to learn with understanding.
A “metacognitive” approach to instruction can help students learn to take control of their own learning.
Why a focus on instruction?
“The top performing school systems recognize that the only way to improve outcomes is to improve instruction”
McKinsey & Company . How the Worlds Top Performing Systems Come Out On Top (2007)
Impact of teachers and schools Scenario Percentile Entering Percentile Leaving Average School / Average Teacher 50 50 Highly Ineffective School / Ineffective Teacher 50 3 Highly Effective School / Ineffective Teacher 50 34 Ineffective School / Highly Effective Teacher 50 63 Highly Effective School / Highly Effective Teacher 50 96 Highly Effective School / Average Teacher 50 78
Factors Affecting Student Achievement
Guaranteed & Viable Curriculum
Challenging goals and effective feedback
Parent & community involvement
Safe and orderly environment
Collegiality and professionalism
Classroom curriculum design
Marzano “What Works n Schools”
Factors-teachers and schools
Schools where teachers participate in Professional Learning Communities (PLC’s) are 400% more likely to improve an individual students’ achievement level than schools where teachers operate in isolation.
Why Collaborate in PLC’s?
If instruction is the key, and PLC’s are the structure
How do we talk about instruction?
An Instructional Protocol
Provides a common language and a clear target
The first instructional protocol?
We use The Student Learning Protocol
“The Essential Practices of High Quality Teaching and Learning” MacGregor
What an instructional framework is NOT…
Intended to be used for evaluation
A silver bullet
It will not be the tool, but how teachers utilize it that will make the difference
A program, a new thing to add to already overloaded teachers
Teachers already talk about instruction
This tool provides clarity and focus
Two powerful tools for teachers:
A structure that allows them to talk to each other and share knowledge
Professional Learning Communities, Critical Friends, etc.
And a way to talk to each other, an instructional framework or protocol
Provides a common language and clear target
To provide teachers with tools, support and encouragement
To turn over the ownership of raising student achievement to those who have the greatest impact…teachers.
Using the Student Learning Protocol…
Not every practice every day
Look for evidence in what students are doing
Page for reflection
With partner, look through it and find indicators that are from How People Learn
A tool for use in PLC’s
Common language, clear target
A Professional Learning Community…what better way to improve practice than with other experts?
Teacher factor…school factor
PLC’s…collaboration? Talking about what?
The results suggest that although these types of organizational reforms may succeed in improving the culture within which teachers teach, they alone are unlikely to improve instruction and student learning. The communities that develop are often not communities engaged in instructional improvement (Supovitz, 2002).
It is clearly not enough for teachers just to collaborate; there needs to be a focus on instructional practice and an intentional structure for observation and dialogue
A four year study in a district
Developing Communities of Instructional Practice by Jonathan Supovitz
About a fourth of the time Professional Learning Communities made an impact on student achievement.
A multiplier effect
A structure, a Professional Learning Community
A tool that provides a target for instruction
A survey that gives direction to instructional teams
World’s Best Systems
Read your section
Identify key points
Create a poster that will help your group share the key points with your cohort
Read them over, by section.
Rate your current system, and write the result in the margin
Share results with a partner
Key Findings NSDC Study
Sustained and intensive professional development for teachers is related to student achievement gains.
US teachers, unlike colleagues around the world, bear much of the cost of their professional development
9 out of 10 teachers professional learning consists of short term conferences or workshops
How will your system become the best?
Look over posters, notes.
In reflection journal write what you will do to create a system that is the BEST!