Mental Models & Leadership
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  • 1. Mental Models & Leadership Field-Based Superintendents’Program: August Seminar Mental Models & Leadership
  • 2. Mental Models of Leadership
    • At your tables:
      • What do you expect from a really good leader?
      • What don’t you expect?
      • If someone is described as a really good superintendent, what do they spend most of their time doing?
  • 3. Mental Models Select Data Add Meaning Make Assumptions Draw Conclusions Adopt Beliefs Take Actions Data Reflexive Loop Ladder of Inference - Chris Argyris
  • 4. Ladder of Inference
    • Take Actions
    • Adopt Beliefs
    • Draw Conclusions
    • Make Assumptions
    • Add Meanings
    • Select Data
    • Observable Data & Experiences
  • 5. Climbing the ladder
    • Our experience influences our ladders
    • We are often unaware of this structure in our thinking
    • Once we have beliefs in place, we rapidly select data and make judgments
    • We have a combination of good experience, bad experience, and no experience
  • 6. There are two sides to the ladder
    • What “A” Concludes
    • What “A” Infers
    • What “A” Sees
    • What “B” Concludes
    • What “B” Infers
    • What “B” Sees
  • 7. Mental Models of Leadership a continuum
    • Authoritarian Hierarchy
      • Boss
      • Decision maker
      • Manager
      • Organizer
      • Control
    • Learning Organization
      • Designer
      • Steward
      • Teacher
  • 8. The Fifth Discipline developed the foundation for an alternative to the authoritarian hierarchy.
    • Traditional authoritarian organizations
      • Managing
      • Organizing
      • Controlling
      • Compliance
    • Learning Organizations
      • Values
      • Vision
      • Mental Models
      • Commitment
  • 9. Personal Mastery Mental Models Team Learning Systems Thinking Shared Vision ASPIRATIONS CURRENT REALITY structural tension Individual Group
  • 10. Examining our mental models
    • We intend to mess with your mental models in this program
    • We will be working with you to identify and apply an INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP theory of action
    • We will continually ask the question: “What mental models of leadership will serve the future?
    • Reading: The Leader’s New Work: Building Learning Organizations (keep for future reference – Senge overview)
  • 11. REFLECTION: Pay attention to the ladders in your head
    • Become more aware of you own thinking and reasoning
    • Slow your thinking down
    • Open up your thinking
    • Our mental models shape how we behave
    • Often, untested and unexamined
    • “ Experts” have the greatest difficulty