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Keirsey Temperament Sorter

Keirsey Temperament Sorter






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  • When these elements are paired, they trump the other elements in creating predictable “type” behaviors or preferences. Note that these elements are drawn from the second, third and fourth domains – but not the first. Thus, these are more important determiners than extroversion and introversion.

Keirsey Temperament Sorter Keirsey Temperament Sorter Presentation Transcript

  • Keirsey Temperament Sorter (KTS) Effective leadership begins with knowledge of self
  • The KTS
        • created by Dr. David Keirsey in 1978.
        • based on pioneering work by Carl Jung
        • adapted from a psychometric instrument developed by Isabel Myers and Katherine Briggs – the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (1962).
  • Uses
        • The KTS is widely used by businesses, government agencies, religious organizations, colleges and universities to determine the temperament type of individuals – especially for team-building.
  • The KTS helps people in organizations to . . .
    • • understand themselves and their behaviors
    • appreciate and benefit from individual strengths and differences
    • see a range of perspectives and approaches to problems
    • communicate more effectively with supervisors, peers, and employees
  • Applying insights from the KTS can help you. . .
    • • choose professional pathways
    • improve teamwork
    • solve organizational or personal problems
    • make the most of an organization’s human resources . . .
    • understand and adapt to differences in management style
    • understand contributions of others to the organization
    • resolve conflicts
        • The KTS measures preferences, not skills.
        • We can all do things we do
        • not prefer, but we “default” to preferred behaviors when we can, and when we are stressed.
        • Because there is no “best type,” there are no right or wrong responses—only those that are more accurate descriptions of you.
  • Guide to taking the KTS
    • Answer each of the 70 questions on a KTS answer sheet (10 – 15 minutes)
    • Be spontaneous. Don’t “second guess” the inventory.
    • Follow directions for tallying and deriving a four-letter “code” for your temperament type.
    • Write your name in the box on the wall chart to show your type.
    • Then we’ll talk!
  • Interpreting the Types: Four Primary Domains
    • The E – I (extroversion- introversion continuum tells how one is primarily energized E: social experience I: internal reflection.
    • 2. The N – S (intuition-sensation) continuum tells how one creates meaning: N: intuition, imagination and constructs of the mind; focuses on
    • possibility S: facts, experience, evidence from
    • the five senses; focuses on reality.
    • The T-F (thinking-feeling) continuum tells how one prefers to make decisions
    • T: by logical or objective, rule-based
    • criteria
    • F: by personal value judgments,
    • case-by-case
    • The J–P (judging – perceiving)
    • continuum tells whether one prefers to have things settled and decided or fluid and open.
    • J: pushes for conclusion
    • P: seeks more data, more options
  • Interpreting the Types
        • These pairings determine four primary types:
        • NT (intuitive, thinking) Rationalist
          • NF (intuitive, feeling) Idealist
          • SJ (sensing, judging) Guardian
          • SP (sensing, perceiving) Artisan
  • NT
    • Only 12% of population
    • Moved to “understand, control, predict and explain” realities.
    • Loves intelligence and must be competent. (Even play is about improvement!)
    • Most self-critical of all types; fears failure.
    • Weighs “credentials” of critics; tests authority.
    • Believes others should work to same high standard.
  • NF
    • Only 12% of population.
    • Seeks self-actualization, integrity and unique identity – to become “what I am meant to be.”
    • Works to find meaning and “make a difference.”
    • Wants to work with words, transmit ideas.
    • Devotes enormous energy to relationships.
    • Has trouble limiting work; over-commits.
    • Often carries unique influence in groups.
  • SJ
    • About 38% of population.
    • Acts as protector and caretaker of others.
    • Must earn places of status and belonging.
    • Intensely loyal and responsible.
    • Believes in hierarchy, established norms.
    • Plans and conserves for future (SJ created Boy Scouts, “Murphy’s Law.”)
  • SP
    • About 38% of population.
    • Hungers for action. (SP’s don’t plan and practice; they do !)
    • Thrives on “testing the limits.”
    • Loves situations with unknown outcomes.
    • Enjoys randomness, varied experience; often leaps before looking.
    • Not product oriented. (To SP, work is play!)
    • Often colorful, electric, envied, admired.
  • Four NT’s
    • ENTJ
      • Takes charge quickly
      • Expects compliance
      • Imposes order and high expectations
      • Employs long-term strategies and
      • supportive logistics.
      • Abandons what interferes with mission
      • Blocks out other areas of life for work
  • NT’s
    • INTJ
      • Most self-confident (sense of “self power”)
      • Nearly always high-achieving
      • Thought process is empirical logic
      • Authority per se does not impress
      • Always focused on future and long-term goals
      • Wants to see systems translated into results
      • Often single-minded in pursuit of goals
  • NT’s
    • ENTP
      • Hallmark is rational ingenuity
      • Improvises in a crisis; may substitute
      • ingenuity for deep knowledge
      • Loves complexity; dislikes routine
      • Embraces new thinking
      • Fascinating conversationalist, debater
      • Exults in competence: “I can do it!”
  • NT’S
    • INTP
      • Only 1% of population – drawn to work as
      • mathematician, scientist, philosopher
      • An architect of ideas and systems
      • Impatient with implementation
      • Precise in thinking, language, analysis
      • Not socially driven, may seem difficult to know
  • Four NF’s
    • ENFJ
      • Only 5% of population
      • Goal or vision-oriented; plans ahead
      • Leads with personal style; excels in
      • sustained interactions
      • Fluent with language, especially speech
      • Adept at reading others
      • Often struggles to disengage or set
      • boundaries
  • NF’s
    • INFJ
      • Only 1% of population
      • A private visionary with creative inner life
      • Drawn to counseling, psychology,
      • individual therapy
      • Shows great personal warmth, depth of
      • concentration, sensitivity to others
      • Dislikes superficial interactions, conflict
      • Works well in organizational structures
  • NF’s
    • ENFP
      • Contagiously enthusiastic, inspiring
      • A high impact personality
      • Shows exceptional insight into others
      • Needs interaction and feedback
      • Dislikes routine and painstaking detail
      • Can solve most “people problems”
      • Keeps a wide network of contacts
  • NF’s
    • INFP
      • Only 1% of population
      • Presents calm, quiet exterior
      • Focuses deeply on personal values
      • Values and “honor” trump logic
      • Sacrifices for cherished persons, causes
      • Fiercely protects value system
      • Drawn to scholarly activities, service, mission
      • work – away from business.
  • Four SJ’s
    • ESTJ
      • 13% of population
      • Wants things done and done well!
      • Often rises to position of responsibility
      • Realistic, clear, direct, dependable, organized
      • Pillar of the community
      • Honors tradition; may resist change
      • May jump to conclusions without listening to
      • opposing views
  • SJ’s
    • ISTJ
      • A “pillar of strength” in practical affairs
      • Seeks justice and “right behavior”
      • Quiet, conservative, reliable, stable
      • Extraordinarily persevering, dependable
      • Drawn to work as auditor, securities
      • investor
      • Outstanding with difficult, detailed figures
      • May be impatient with individual people
  • SJ’s
    • ESFJ
      • Most sociable of all types
      • Supports and appreciates tradition
      • Brilliantly “personalizes” interactions
      • Loyal; duty and service-oriented
      • Fueled by appreciation
      • Focuses on people, things, practical
      • needs; not abstract or philosophical matters
  • SJ’s
    • ISFJ
      • Primarily desires to serve
      • Super dependable!
      • Carries a strong sense of history and
      • connection to the past
      • Relates well to those in need – students,
      • the “boss” – loses interest if not needed
      • When in charge, may “do it myself” rather than
      • insist that others do their jobs
  • Four SP’s
    • ESTP
      • Loves action! Makes things happen!
      • Outstanding as entrepreneur, diplomat,
      • peerless negotiator, salesperson, corporate
      • turnaround leader
      • Lives with a theatrical flourish!
      • Uncanny observer of people, motivations,
      • non-verbal cues
      • Appears to have nerves of steel!
  • SP’s
    • ISTP
      • Sees well-executed action as “the whole point”!
      • A master of tools, from scalpels to SST’s
      • Pits oneself, or one’s skill, “against all odds”
      • Views authority as useless or irrelevant
      • Converses little, or tersely
      • Hit men, gunslingers of the past, climbers, racers, surgeons, stunt men and artists (like Michelangelo and Leonardo) are likely ISTP’s.
  • SP’s
    • ESFP
      • Always has accurate real world data gained
      • through effortless, pinpoint observations
      • Excellent at working with people in crisis
      • Most generous of all types
      • Avoids being alone; always seeks company
      • Language flows easily
      • Loves excitement; always creates it
      • Low tolerance for anxiety (“Just do it!”)
  • SP’s
    • ISFP
      • Called to fine arts and athletics
      • Expresses self through artistic action—or not
      • at all
      • Doesn’t plan and prepare. Every act is full
      • performance.
      • Unique intelligence: must choose action in
      • which every next move is a free variable
      • Harpo Marx, Beethoven, Rembrandt,
      • Nijinski and many great athletes are ISFP’s.
  • A final KTS activity
    • Write your four-letter “type” on your name tag.
    • Create discussion group with others whose results are similar to yours.
    • Assess agreement / disagreement with insights regarding your “type.”
    • As a group, consider how you might use this inventory as a tool for personal or professional growth.
    • Keirsey, D., and Bates, M. (1984). Please understand me: Character and temperament types (fifth ed.). Del Mar, CA: Prometheus Nemesis.