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  • 1. AVOIDING PLAGIARISM
  • 2. IN THIS TUTORIAL WE WILL COVER: • When and why to cite your sources • How to avoid plagiarism
  • 3. PLAGIARISM:THE ACTION OR PRACTICE OF TAKING SOMEONEELSE’S WORK, IDEA, ETC. AND PASSING IT OFF ASONE’S OWN.-- OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY Seems pretty straightforward, right? It comes down to claiming work you didn’t do as your own. In practice, it is more complicated. Plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional.
  • 4. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMTHIS IS THE BLATANT ATTEMPT TO CLAIMSOMEONE’S WORK AS YOUR OWN. Let’s look at some examples…
  • 5. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMSUBMITTING ANOTHER STUDENT’S WORK AS YOUR OWN
  • 6. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMPAYING ANOTHER STUDENT TO DO YOUR PAPER/PROJECT
  • 7. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMBUYING A PAPER/PROJECT ONLINE
  • 8. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMTHIS IS CHEATING AND THE WORST TYPE OFACADEMIC FRAUD It is taken very seriously and can result in: • an “F” for the paper/project • an “F” for the course • suspension for the term/semester • expulsion from the college/university
  • 9. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMTHIS OCCURS WHEN YOU INADVERTENTLYCLAIM SOMEONE’S WORK AS YOUR OWN Let’s look at some examples…
  • 10. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMCUTTING AND PASTING WITHOUT GIVING CREDIT
  • 11. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMCUTTING AND PASTING FROM A VARIETY OFSOURCES WITHOUT GIVING CREDIT
  • 12. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMFAILURE TO CITE ALL INFORMATION TAKEN FROMA SOURCE
  • 13. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMUsually caused by: • Bad note taking • Misunderstanding what information to cite • Errors in citing source materials
  • 14. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMBecause it is difficult to distinguish betweenintentional and unintentional plagiarism, they mayhave the same consequences: • an “F” for the assignment • an “F” for the course • suspension for the term/semester • expulsion from the college/university
  • 15. AVOIDING PLAGIARISMThese techniques can help: • Develop a system to organize your research • Learn when & how to cite outside sources
  • 16. ORGANIZING YOUR RESEARCHProblem: Confusing your ideas with someone else’sSolution: Clearly separate your ideas from those in the sources you’ve found ARTICLE MY THOUGHTS “Why the PC Market is Suddenly so Weak.” By The mobile Internet market is having a Hamm, Steve. Business Week 1/29/2009 negative effect on the market because people don’t need a PC to do tasks once “In a report issued on Jan. 14. market watcher limited to a desktop or laptop. IDC declared the fourth quarter a bust, with PC units sales down 0.4% IDC forecasts lean times ahead for PC makers, with a 5.3% decline in sales for 2009 and a slow recovery for 2010.” page 82
  • 17. ORGANIZING YOUR RESEARCHCitation Management software can help: • Most allow you to annotate citations, so you can keep track of your analysis and thoughts • A great tool for building your bibliography
  • 18. KNOWING WHEN TO CITEProblem: Not sure when to cite?Solution: If it comes from an outside source, you should almost always cite it. You must always cite:  Facts and ideas from a specific source  Direct quotations from a specific source  Paraphrases from a specific source  Summaries from a specific source
  • 19. KNOWING WHEN TO CITEException: Common KnowledgeInformation that is well known, available in a number ofsources & accepted as fact does not need to be cited Examples:  Bill Gates & Paul Allen founded Microsoft  Yuri Gagarin, a Russian cosmonaut, was the first person to orbit the Earth  George Washington was the 1st U.S. President
  • 20. NOT SURE IF SOMETHING IS COMMONKNOWLEDGE?Ask yourself: • Have I seen this fact in numerous places? • Do others in this field consider it to be true? If the answer to both is “yes” then it’s probably common knowledge. If you are unsure, be on the safe side and cite it.
  • 21. NEED MORE INFORMATION?Hamersley Library, Citation Guideswww.wou.edu/library/research/reference/style.phpThe Writing Centerwww.wou.edu/writingcenter