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  • 1. Name: ____________________ Instructor: _____________________ Grade: _____ Learning Opportunities: 30 Chapter 19 Conceptual Work Sheets for Concurrent Contingencies Definition: Concurrent Contingencies: o More than one contingency of reinforcement or punishment o is available at the same time. example meets the criteria. Look at the other side of the pink page. 2. What kind of contingency is this? A. reinforcement B. punishment C. escape D. avoidance Definition: Avoidance Contingency: o The response-contingent o prevention of o an aversive condition o resulting in an increased frequency of that response. My Second Contingency Since this is a set of concurrent contingencies, we must have at least one more contingency of reinforcement or punishment involved. 3. So second, please analyze the contingency involving being covered with sweat and taking a shower. In other words, please fill in the diagram for that contingency (2). My Example I return from a six-mile run. I’m sweaty, thirsty, and have a near-bursting bladder. What response do I make first—shower, drink water, etc.? Now we’ve implied at least three concurrent contingencies here, but let’s look at just a couple. Before Behavior 4. What kind of contingency is this? A. reinforcement B. punishment C. escape D. avoidance After Now go through the list of contingency-diagram criteria on the pink sheet and make sure the Revised by Kaitlyn Peitz on 7/10/11 After Now go through the list of contingency-diagram criteria on the pink sheet and make sure the example meets the criteria. Look at the other side of the pink page. 1. First, the contingency involving the aversive condition of the bursting bladder and the behavior of going to the bathroom. Please fill in the diagram for that contingency (2). Before Behavior 1
  • 2. Reinforcement Before What Does it Mean To Say Two Contingencies Are Concurrent? Behavior After Behavior After Punishment Before According to the definition, two contingencies are concurrent if they are available at the same time. But what does that mean to be available at the same time? 5. Do both contingencies have to be operating on the same behavior? A. yes B. no 8. I open the oven door and get a reinforcing aroma of baking cookies, and I’m singing my favorite song. (I’ll let you speculate about what contingency might reinforce your singing, when no one’s around). Please diagram (4). 6. If two contingencies are both available, do both of the behaviors have to be occurring at the same time? A. yes B. no Before Behavior After Remember, compatible responses are responses that can occur at the same time. Incompatible responses cannot. Students Original Examples 9. And the responses in number 8 are: A. compatible B. incompatible 7. Rose’s family wants her to marry Cal, the wealthy steel tycoon from Pittsburgh. However, while she’s on the Titanic, she meets and falls in love with Jack, a drifter and an artist. If she tells her mom that she wants to marry Cal, she’ll make her family proud. However, if she tells her mom that she wants to marry Jack, they will disapprove. Please diagram the two incompatible behaviors of telling her mom whom she will marry (4). Revised by Kaitlyn Peitz on 7/10/11 After Before That’s right! For a contingency to be available simply means that if the behavior occurs, the outcome will occur. In fact, you can have concurrent contingencies on behavior that isn’t occurring at all (at that moment), so the behaviors do not have to be occurring at the same time. Behavior 2
  • 3. ‘ 10. Rose is on a sinking ship and doesn’t know what to do. If she boards the lifeboat she will have to leave the love of her life, Jack and may never see him again. Please diagram this example (3). Your Original Example of Concurrent Contingencies Escape Contingency Before It would be best if both contingencies involve the same response rather than two contingencies operating concurrently on two different responses. But whatever you do, please create an original example, not a cheap imitation of mine! After Behavior Student examples: Before After  I go to dinner with an annoying, but generous, friend which results in annoyance and a good meal, though the 60 second test may be a problem. Here the contingencies can be analyzed as being on the same response, the response of dining with my friend concurrently produces good food and annoyance.  Playing my guitar produces attention from my music teacher and musical stimuli. Again, concurrent contingencies on the same responses.  At the Wayside West, I pay for beer, which results in the loss of money and the presentation of the beer. In fact all these examples involve concurrent contingencies on the same response.  In a soccer match, I make a game saving dive to stop the ball, but one of the opposing team monsters sneaks a kick at my head before I have a chance to get off the ground.  While playing soccer, I jump in the air and hit the ball but my bathing suit falls off. Penalty Contingency 11. Jim has an itch which is relieved by scratching it, but the act horrifies the cute girl he’s talking to and she splits. Please diagram this example (3). Escape Contingency Before After Behavior Before After 12. Please describe your example. Concurrent Penalty Contingency Revised by Kaitlyn Peitz on 7/10/11 3
  • 4. Now Let’s Diagram It 13. Please diagram your first concurrent contingency (2). Before Behavior After Now go through the list of contingency-diagram criteria on the pink sheet and make sure the example meets the criteria. Look at the other side of the pink page. 14. What kind of contingency is this? A. reinforcement B. punishment C. escape D. avoidance And Your Second Contingency Is… 15. Please diagram your second concurrent contingency (2). Before Behavior After Now go through the list of contingency-diagram criteria on the pink sheet and make sure the example meets the criteria. Look at the other side of the pink page. 16. What kind of contingency is this? A. reinforcement B. punishment C. escape D. avoidance Revised by Kaitlyn Peitz on 7/10/11 4