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Ch. 14 hw 7 e

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  • 1. Name:____________________________ Instructor:___________________Grade: _______ LOs:__37__ Chapter 14 Conceptual Work Sheet for Imitation My goal with this homework assignment is for you to understand more fully the concept of imitation. You will need to create an original example of both imitation and generalized imitation. If you look through my examples in this homework, you will notice that they are related to each other—they contribute to one overall example or situation. I try to draw my examples from my everyday life. I encourage you to do the same. Before we begin, let’s check out the definition of imitation. Definition: Concept Imitation o The form of the behavior of the imitator o is controlled o by similar behavior of the model But this is probably delayed, generalized imitation. o I want to train my pet talking mynah bird to say hello when I do, so I give him a cracker when he imitates me. o Easter dinner. Not enough room on the couch, so I sit down on the floor and cross my legs. So does my little nephew, which evokes a reinforcing laugh and smile from me. o While in the Peace Corps., in Africa, Jay carefully watched and imitated her African mentor in complex social situations. o While in Japan, Jason spent months practicing Japanese. After many months he met a fellow traveler from London and after a day he was speaking English with a British accent. Your example: (make this plain imitation, not generalized imitation) Imitation 1. Describe the example o My example: Juke’s sister will be over in a few hours to pick up her boys. So Juke now rushes around cleaning up what Mae calls the pig pen, but what Juke calls his apartment. He picks up books, magazines, newspapers, CD albums, and places them where they belong. Because he’s in a panic, Juke also asks Brian, his 5-year-old nephew, to give him a hand. So Brian, who has seen this routine many times, copies his frantic pace doing things. (Before you start your example, it would be cool, if you’d read through the whole homework to see my example). o Student examples: My mother turns the car’s steering wheel slightly to the right before making a left-hand turn; and when I start learning to drive, I do the same thing. Revised by Sarah Lichtenberger on 11/19/11 2. Describe the Imitation o My answer for my example: Juke picks up things from the floor and places them where they belong. Brian does the same. Your answer for the example: 1
  • 2. 3. Who’s the model? o My answer for my example: Juke Your answer for your example __________________________________ 4. What’s the behavior of the model? o My answer for my example: picking up things and putting them where they belong. Your answer for your example: 10. Is the behavior of the model a discriminative stimulus for the matching behavior of the imitator? o My answer for my example: Yes, Juke is more likely to reinforce Brian’s behavior of picking up, when he, himself, is picking up, than when he is not. Here’s another way to put it: Yes, Juke is more likely to reinforce Brian’s behavior that matches his own than many other behaviors. Your answer for your example: A. Yes ____ (Good) B. No ____ (Revise your example) 11. Fill in the contingency diagram with the details of my example (fill in all boxes)(4). 5. Who’s the imitator? o My answer for my example: Brian Your answer for your example:___________ 6. What’s the behavior of the imitator? o My answer for my example: Picking up things and putting them where they belong. Your answer for your example: SD Before After Behavior Sdelta 7. Does the behavior of the imitator match the behavior of the model? o My answer for my example: Yes. Your answer for your example: A. Yes______ (Good) B. No ______ (Revise your example) 8. What’s the reinforcer for the behavior of the imitator? o My answer for my example: PraiseJuke’s no fool. As soon as he sees how much help Brian’s giving, Juke praises almost every instance of Brian’s picking up and stashing Juke’s things. Your answer for your example____________ 9. Does this reinforcer immediately follow the imitative response? o My answer for my example: Yes. Your answer for your example: A. Yes____ (Good) B. No ____ (Revise your example) Revised by Sarah Lichtenberger on 11/19/11 After 12. Fill in the following contingency diagram with the details of your example (fill in all boxes)(4). SD Before After Behavior Sdelta After 2
  • 3. Please use the Contingency-Diagramming Job Aid to make sure your diagram is OK. o My answer for my example: Brian’s kicking back and cooling out. Your answer for your example: Generalized Imitation Now that you have analyzed plain old imitation, let’s try analyzing generalized imitation. Remember, try to relate this example to your first example. In other words, you started out with regular imitation in your previous example. Then, with the same imitator and probably with the same model, but with a new response, you move on to generalized imitation. First, check out the definition. Definition: Concept Generalized imitation o Imitation of the response o of a model o without previous reinforcement o of the imitation of that specific response 13. Describe the example o My example: After an hour of picking up and straightening up, Juke flops down on the couch and puts his feet on the coffee table. So does Brian, though his feet barely reach the coffee table. The work done, Juke closes his eyes and ignores his nephew. In other words, both dudes were kicking back and cooling out. Your example: What’s your example of generalized imitation? 14. What’s the new or additional behavior of the model that will be the generalized imitative stimulus? o My answer for my example: Juke’s kicking back and cooling out. Your answer for your example: 16. Does the generalized imitative behavior of the imitator match the new behavior of the model? o My answer for my example: Yes. Your answer for your example: A. Yes___ (Good) B. No ___ (Revise your example) 17. What’s the reinforcer for the behavior of the imitator? Be careful. o My answer for my example: An imitative reinforcer- After enough reinforcement for various types of imitation, the stimuli resulting from the match of the imitator’s behavior to the model’s behavior becomes a learned reinforcer. In other words, often when Brian’s behavior is the same as Juke’s Brian gets praise. So that “sameness” becomes an automatic learned reinforcer. So my guess is that the matching or similarity or sameness of Brian’s behavior to Juke’s reinforces that generalized imitative behavior. Your answer for your example:___________ 18. Had the imitative response been previously reinforced? o My answer for my example: No, Juke had never reinforced Brian’s behavior of kicking back and cooling out before. Your answer for your example: A. Yes____ (Revise your example.) B. No ____ (Good.) 15. What’s the generalized behavior of the imitator? Revised by Sarah Lichtenberger on 11/19/11 3
  • 4. 19. Fill in the contingency diagram with the details of my example (fill in all boxes)(4). SD After Before Behavior Sdelta After SD After After 22. So does the principle of generalized imitation apply to the example? o My answer for my example: Yes Your answer for your example: A. Yes ____ (Good) B. No ____ (Revise your example) Behavior Sdelta 20. What’s one of the other imitative responses that was being reinforced? o My answer for my example: Brian’s imitating Juke’s picking up and stashing. Your answer for your example: 21. What was the generalized imitative response? o My answer for my example: Kicking back and cooling out, or in English slouching down on the couch and putting his feet on the coffee table. Your answer for your example: 20. Fill in the following contingency diagram with the details of your example (fill in all boxes). Remember, the reinforcer for generalized imitative responses should be imitative reinforcers (4). Before 19. Was one or more other imitative responses being reinforced? o My answer for my example: Yes. Your answer for your example: A. Yes ___ (Good) B. No ____ (Revise your example) Now, let’s look at how the principle of generalized imitation applies to our examples of generalized imitation. Before we go on, let’s check out a relevant definition. 23. Please explain why. o My answer for my example: My example matches the relevant definitions, the following exercise illustrates this. Your answer for your example: Definition: Principle Generalized imitation: o Generalized imitation occurs, o only if some other imitative responses o are being reinforced. Revised by Sarah Lichtenberger on 11/19/11 4