Musical Instruments
4 Instrument Families <ul><li>Brass </li></ul><ul><li>Woodwind </li></ul><ul><li>Percussion </li></ul><ul><li>Strings </li...
Brass Family <ul><li>Sound from buzzing lips </li></ul><ul><li>Made of brass </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><l...
Woodwind Family <ul><li>Sound from wind </li></ul><ul><li>Originally made of wood </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><...
Percussion Family <ul><li>Sound from sticks or mallets </li></ul><ul><li>Involves striking </li></ul>
String Family <ul><li>Not in band </li></ul><ul><li>Sound from strings </li></ul><ul><li>Bowed or plucked </li></ul><ul><l...
Brass
Trumpet <ul><li>3 piston valves </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell in front </li></ul>
Trumpet
Horn <ul><li>3 or 4 rotary valves </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Hand in bell </li></ul>
Horn
Trombone <ul><li>Slide </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell in front </li></ul>
Trombone
Baritone <ul><li>3 piston valves </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell at top </li></ul><ul><li>Looks like b...
Baritone
Tuba <ul><li>3 or 4 valves </li></ul><ul><li>Piston or rotary </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell at top <...
Tuba
Woodwind
Flute <ul><li>Air vibrates in flute </li></ul><ul><li>Blow across tone hole </li></ul><ul><li>Held to the side </li></ul>
Flute
Clarinet <ul><li>Reed vibrates against mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Ligature </li></ul><ul><li>In front of body </li></ul>
Clarinet
Saxophone <ul><li>Reed vibrates against mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Ligature </li></ul><ul><li>Made of brass </li></ul><u...
Saxophone
Oboe <ul><li>Reed vibrates against itself </li></ul><ul><li>Looks like clarinet </li></ul>
Oboe
Bassoon <ul><li>Reed vibrates against itself </li></ul><ul><li>Uses seat strap </li></ul>
Bassoon
Percussion <ul><li>Mallets </li></ul><ul><li>Drums </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary </li></ul>
Percussion: Mallets <ul><li>Bells </li></ul><ul><li>Xylophone </li></ul><ul><li>Marimba </li></ul><ul><li>Chimes </li></ul>
Percussion: Drums <ul><li>Snare Drum </li></ul><ul><li>Bass Drum </li></ul><ul><li>Timpani </li></ul>
Percussion: Auxiliary <ul><li>Cymbals </li></ul><ul><li>Tambourine </li></ul><ul><li>Triangle </li></ul><ul><li>Wood block...
 
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Introduction to Musical Instruments

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Introduction to Musical Instruments

  1. 1. Musical Instruments
  2. 2. 4 Instrument Families <ul><li>Brass </li></ul><ul><li>Woodwind </li></ul><ul><li>Percussion </li></ul><ul><li>Strings </li></ul>
  3. 3. Brass Family <ul><li>Sound from buzzing lips </li></ul><ul><li>Made of brass </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell </li></ul><ul><li>Valves or slide </li></ul><ul><li>Water key </li></ul>
  4. 4. Woodwind Family <ul><li>Sound from wind </li></ul><ul><li>Originally made of wood </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Keys </li></ul><ul><li>Pads </li></ul>
  5. 5. Percussion Family <ul><li>Sound from sticks or mallets </li></ul><ul><li>Involves striking </li></ul>
  6. 6. String Family <ul><li>Not in band </li></ul><ul><li>Sound from strings </li></ul><ul><li>Bowed or plucked </li></ul><ul><li>Violin, Viola, Cello, Bass </li></ul><ul><li>Guitar, Banjo </li></ul><ul><li>Harp </li></ul>
  7. 7. Brass
  8. 8. Trumpet <ul><li>3 piston valves </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell in front </li></ul>
  9. 9. Trumpet
  10. 10. Horn <ul><li>3 or 4 rotary valves </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Hand in bell </li></ul>
  11. 11. Horn
  12. 12. Trombone <ul><li>Slide </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell in front </li></ul>
  13. 13. Trombone
  14. 14. Baritone <ul><li>3 piston valves </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell at top </li></ul><ul><li>Looks like baby tuba </li></ul>
  15. 15. Baritone
  16. 16. Tuba <ul><li>3 or 4 valves </li></ul><ul><li>Piston or rotary </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Bell at top </li></ul><ul><li>Largest brass (lowest) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Tuba
  18. 18. Woodwind
  19. 19. Flute <ul><li>Air vibrates in flute </li></ul><ul><li>Blow across tone hole </li></ul><ul><li>Held to the side </li></ul>
  20. 20. Flute
  21. 21. Clarinet <ul><li>Reed vibrates against mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Ligature </li></ul><ul><li>In front of body </li></ul>
  22. 22. Clarinet
  23. 23. Saxophone <ul><li>Reed vibrates against mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Ligature </li></ul><ul><li>Made of brass </li></ul><ul><li>Has keys </li></ul>
  24. 24. Saxophone
  25. 25. Oboe <ul><li>Reed vibrates against itself </li></ul><ul><li>Looks like clarinet </li></ul>
  26. 26. Oboe
  27. 27. Bassoon <ul><li>Reed vibrates against itself </li></ul><ul><li>Uses seat strap </li></ul>
  28. 28. Bassoon
  29. 29. Percussion <ul><li>Mallets </li></ul><ul><li>Drums </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary </li></ul>
  30. 30. Percussion: Mallets <ul><li>Bells </li></ul><ul><li>Xylophone </li></ul><ul><li>Marimba </li></ul><ul><li>Chimes </li></ul>
  31. 31. Percussion: Drums <ul><li>Snare Drum </li></ul><ul><li>Bass Drum </li></ul><ul><li>Timpani </li></ul>
  32. 32. Percussion: Auxiliary <ul><li>Cymbals </li></ul><ul><li>Tambourine </li></ul><ul><li>Triangle </li></ul><ul><li>Wood block </li></ul>
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