Teaching for Understanding: Understanding Goals

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This is my first chapter presentation. It outlines some of the characteristics of understanding goals and their importance for learning.

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Teaching for Understanding: Understanding Goals

  1. 1. Teaching for Understanding with Technology Chapter 4: Understanding Goals and New Technologies Martha Stone Wiske et. al.
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Often, teachers fail to be entirely explicit on the goals that should be achieved in each lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to facilitate achievement, teacher goals must be “explicit, clear, and coherent”. </li></ul><ul><li>This will also help move away from “learning about technology” to “learning with technology” and help teachers use technology as a means to enhance understanding. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What are understanding goals? <ul><li>Goals that enable students to think with what they know and “apply knowledge flexibly and appropriately” </li></ul><ul><li>Goals that do not focus on memorizing content or practicing skills </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key Features of Understanding Goals <ul><li>Focus on big ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Encompass multiple dimensions within or across subject matters </li></ul><ul><li>Define coherent connections between any lesson or learning activity and broader overarching goals </li></ul><ul><li>Are stated explicitly and shared publicly </li></ul>
  5. 5. Factors That Must Be Coordinated When Defining Understanding Goals <ul><li>Teacher’s deeper purposes, core values, and hopes for the students </li></ul><ul><li>Mandates for curriculum content coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Required textbooks and other curricular material </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized tests and other accountability measures that require preparation time. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effective understanding goals are… <ul><li>Focused on student understanding of knowledge, methods, purposes for learning, and forms of expression </li></ul><ul><li>Relate short-term goals of lesson/unit to long-term goals of term/year </li></ul><ul><li>Invite others into the process of generating goals </li></ul><ul><li>Are developed on an ongoing basis (revision) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Less effective understanding goals are… <ul><li>Focused on isolated knowledge/behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Address student enjoyment over big ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Have no connection between short-term and long-term goals </li></ul><ul><li>Unclear to students </li></ul><ul><li>Set with no discussion or collaboration with others </li></ul>
  8. 8. Integrating New Technologies: Issues <ul><li>Selecting appropriate technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Planning to gain significant educational benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing teachers and students to use these new tools </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing access to the tools and orchestrating effective interactions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Activity <ul><li>By yourself or with a partner, develop 3 good understanding goals that you could use in your classrooms. Try to integrate technology into at least one or two. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For some ideas, refer to the Water Habitat Case Study on pgs. 44 – 47 of Teaching for Understanding with Technology or check out its website at http://learnweb.harvard.edu/ent/gallery/pop3/pop3_1.cfm </li></ul></ul>

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