Literary terms-power point-free

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Literary terms-power point-free

  1. 1. LITERARY TERMS HOW TO SHOW NOT TELL
  2. 2. *Allegory <ul><ul><li>a work in which the characters and events are to be understood as representing other things and symbolically expressing a deeper, often spiritual, moral, or political meaning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. The Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. *Alliteration <ul><ul><li>is the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>generally more than 2 words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. “We wink when widows wince...” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. *Allusion <ul><ul><li>is a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. I am not the type to say, “To infinity and beyond.” Rather, I am an awkward dinosaur or a three-eyed alien. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. *Analogy <ul><ul><li>is the comparison of two pairs that have the same relationship. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Teachers are the bourgeoisie as students are the proletariat. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Characterization <ul><ul><li>is the method used by a writer to develop a character. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(1) showing the character's appearance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(2) displaying the character's actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(3) revealing the character's thoughts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(4) letting the character speak </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(5) getting the reactions of others . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Conflict <ul><ul><li>is the opposition between or among characters or forces in a literary work that shapes or motivates the action of the plot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict may be internal or external . </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. *Conflict Cont. <ul><ul><li>(1) Man in conflict with another Man (300, Rocky) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) Man in conflict in Nature (Titanic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3) Man in conflict with Self (Fight Club, Beautiful Mind) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(4) Man in conflict with Machine (Matrix, Terminator) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Diction <ul><ul><li>is a writer’s choice of words, phrases, sentence structures, and figurative language which combine to help create meaning. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Foreshadowing <ul><ul><li>is a literary device in which an author drops subtle hints about plot developments to come later in the story. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. *FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE <ul><ul><li>TO DESCRIBE SOMETHING BY COMPARING IT TO SOMETHING ELSE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analogy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. *Hyperbole <ul><ul><li>is a deliberate and obvious exaggeration used for effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. I called you a billion times and you never picked up! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. I worked a shift that seemed to last forever. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Imagery <ul><ul><li>is writing or language that evokes one or all of the five senses. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. *Irony <ul><ul><li>incongruity between what actually happens and what might be expected to happen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. The fireman’s house burnt down. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. LITERAL LANGUAGE <ul><ul><li>TO DESCRIBE SOMETHING AS IT IS. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. *Metaphor <ul><ul><li>is a comparison of two unlike things using the verb &quot;to be&quot; (am, are, was, were, etc.) instead of using ‘like’ or ‘as’. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Her words are butterflies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. I am an old abandoned house. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. *Metonymy <ul><ul><li>is substituting a word for another word closely associated with it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Calling the police ‘pigs’ or ‘the fuzz’ </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Motif <ul><ul><li>is an important and sometimes recurring theme or idea in a work of literature. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Mood <ul><ul><li>is the atmosphere or state of mind of a work. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. *Oxymoron <ul><ul><li>is putting two contradictory words together. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Jumbo shrimp </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. *Paradox <ul><ul><li>is a statement, proposition, or situation that seems to be absurd or contradictory, but in fact is or may be true. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. ‘Everything begins where it ends.’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. ‘The first shall be last.’ </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. *Parody <ul><ul><li>is a piece of writing that deliberately copies another work in order to comment or critique it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Tina Fey parodies Sarah Palin on SNL. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Pastiche <ul><ul><li>is a piece of writing that deliberately copies another work yet does not comment or critique it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Every Family Guy episode. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Personification <ul><ul><li>is giving human qualities to inanimate objects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. The sun smiled down on us. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. The gate squawked closed. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Point of View <ul><ul><li>is the perspective on events of the narrator or a particular character in a story. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1st person: __________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd person: __________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3rd person: __________________________ </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Satire <ul><ul><li>is the use of wit, especially irony, sarcasm, and ridicule, to critique politics and society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. South Park </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. The Simpsons </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Setting <ul><ul><li>is the time and location in which a story takes place. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. *Simile <ul><ul><li>is a comparison between two different things using ‘like’ or ‘as’. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. “You spin a story like a spider spins her web.” - The Format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. He jumped as if his feet were on fire. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Stream of consciousness <ul><ul><li>is a literary style that presents a character’s continuous random flow of thoughts as they arise. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Symbolism <ul><ul><li>is the use of symbols to represent something abstract by something concrete. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. The color white often symbolizes purity. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Theme <ul><ul><li>is a broad idea in a story, or a message or lesson conveyed by a work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to find the theme in a work: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Ask yourself, “What is the work about?” ___________ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Ask yourself, “What about __________?” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme is NEVER just one word. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Love” isn’t a theme / “Love endures all things” is a theme </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Tone <ul><ul><li>is the attitude toward the subject and/or toward the audience implied in a literary work. </li></ul></ul>

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