The History of Waterjetting 2013

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The History of Waterjetting 2013

  1. 1. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop THE HISTORY OF WATERJETTING TECHNOLOGY
  2. 2. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Waterjets Perform Three Basic Functions • Fragment solids  Mining  Hydrodemolition
  3. 3. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop • Separate coatings/debris from solids  Jet cleaning  Coatings removal  Corrosion removal
  4. 4. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop • Cutting solids  Precision Factory/Machining Applications  Industrial Field Applications  Medical Applications
  5. 5. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Fragmentation of Rocks and Concrete • Water’s power to move earth materials has been known for years • Ground sluicing • Booming (California & Canada)
  6. 6. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Hydraulic Mining • Mathison invented monitor • First mining test – 1852, Nevada City, CA • Gooseneck swivel invented 1855
  7. 7. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Hydraulic Mining • Great technological advances - 1850s • Mining giants of the 1870’s comparable to modern monitors used in fire fighting
  8. 8. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Hydraulic Mining In 1886, the Sawyer decision stopped most hydraulic mining in California
  9. 9. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Modern Hydraulic Mining • Phosphate mining in Florida
  10. 10. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Modern Hydraulic Mining • Sand mining in Illinois and Wisconsin
  11. 11. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Modern Hydraulic Mining • Borehole Mining & Petroleum Applications
  12. 12. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Modern Hydraulic Mining • Dimensional Stone Quarrying
  13. 13. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Modern Hydraulic Mining • Hydraulic coal mining systems have been developed in Russia, China, Japan, and Canada
  14. 14. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Underground Construction & Tunneling
  15. 15. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Concrete Fragmentation • Hydrodemolition The light-weight tools are very flexible and can be moved and mobilized quite easily.
  16. 16. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Concrete Fragmentation • Automated Systems (~ 1980s)
  17. 17. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Concrete Fragmentation • Surface scarification (1980s)
  18. 18. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Waterjet Surface Cleaning • Water is the oldest cleaning medium known • Water cleans through a combination of:  Solvent action & Impact force of waterjet • Divisions of Pressure  Pressure Cleaning: below 5,000 psi  High Pressure Cleaning: between 5,000 – 30,000 psi  Ultra-High Pressure Cleaning: above 30,000 psi • Major Motivating Factors  Economics (speed)  Occupational Safety & Health  Environmental Concerns
  19. 19. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop First Jet Cleaning Systems used Steam (1909) • Steam loses power rapidly as it cools • Water added to steam by venturi enhances cleaning • Rule of thumb: Hot water heaters At operating pressures above 5,000 psi, it is generally advantageous to put energy into flow rather than heat
  20. 20. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Advances in Waterjet Cleaning • Shotgunning & Hand-held Equipment
  21. 21. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Advances in Waterjet Cleaning • Rotating jets • Impulsive jets
  22. 22. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Advances in Waterjet Cleaning • Automation & Integrated Operating Systems
  23. 23. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Advances in Waterjet Cleaning • Abrasives (1950’s) • Cavitating jets (1970’s)
  24. 24. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Abrasive Jet Cleaning • First abrasive cleaning by sandblasting (1870) • Abrasives in waterjets (1960’s) • Surface cleaning with dry ice (1990’s)
  25. 25. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Applications • Car washes John Bean Unit (1928) (Industrial Cleaning Technology by Joe Harrington, Kluwer Academic Publ., Photo courtesy of FMC Corp.)
  26. 26. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Applications • Heat exchanger tubes (1950’s)
  27. 27. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Applications • Ship hulls & steel structures (1960’s)
  28. 28. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Applications • Sewers, piping networks, and tanks (1960’s)
  29. 29. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Applications Tremendous number of industrial applications (established & emerging) • Paints & Coatings • Corrosion & Oxidation • Surface Preparation & Restoration • Accumulated Debris, Precipitates & Wastes • Removal of Hazardous Wastes & Toxic Substances
  30. 30. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Applications
  31. 31. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Waterjet Cutting of Solids
  32. 32. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop First Hints that Water could Erode Hard Materials • 1928 – Water droplets observed to erode steam turbine blades • 1950’s – Rain observed to damage high speed aircraft and missiles • 1960’s – Research on jet formation and break up
  33. 33. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Invention of Industrial Waterjet Cutting • Dr. Norman Franz  Credited with inventing modern waterjet cutting (1960’s)  Inspired by leak testing of high pressure steam boilers • Escaping steam cut off broom handle  Research with a single action intensifier • Cut 5/8th inch box board  Fashioned automatic method for controlling relative motion between jet and paper tubes
  34. 34. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop First Commercial Cutting Systems • Ingersoll-Rand sold to Alton Boxboard Co. – Cut furniture forms from laminated paper board tubes (1971) • Flow Research: commercial intensifiers (1973)
  35. 35. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Advances in Precision Cutting • Abrasive jet cutting of steel (1982)
  36. 36. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Advances in Precision Cutting • Abrasive jet commercial system (1983) – Slitting and trimming • Abrasive jet turning milling and drilling (1988) • Success encouraged a variety of Automotive and Aerospace Applications
  37. 37. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Advances in Precision Cutting • Food processing (1982)
  38. 38. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Advances in Precision Cutting • Cutting circuit boards, 1980’s • Motion control – Robots, 1980’s • Demilitarization, 1995 • Recycling of abrasives, 1999 • Micro-machining, 2001
  39. 39. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Waterjet Conferences • BHRA Conferences, 1972 – present • Waterjet Technology Association/American Waterjet Conferences, 1983 - present
  40. 40. Waterjet Technology – Basics and Beyond 2013, WJTA-IMCA Pre-Conference Workshop Acknowledgements. • This presentation is a culmination of slides taken from different sources, including but not limited to :  Blasters Incorporated  Dr. David Summers  Dr. George Savanick  Flow International  Gardner Denver Water Jetting Systems  Hammelmann Corporation  Ingersoll Rand  Jet Edge  NLB Corporation  Stoneage  Universal Minerals

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