Increasing the flow of dollars:Attracting new basic employers (i.e. from the state of Illinois)Existing businesses increase their sales outside of the communityIncreasing visitor spendingIncreasing Inter-governmental aid…..LIKE ARRA funding!Increasing recirculation of dollars in the community:-Encourage local citizens and businesses to buy locally-Encouraging the collective action through the formation of organizations like CAN’s – To buy more cost-effective services and to shift dollars spent on expensive data services to other organizational needs.Increasing the amount of resources available:Encourage population in-migration (make your community more appealing)Create a public network that can be used by the private sector to provide services to businesses and residentsUsing existing resources differently:Collectively use existing I.T. staffs and budgets to build a network that provides better access at a lower cost.Change the rules:Revisit telecommunications legislation that may not be serving our communities wellActing Smarter:-Pooling resources and brain power to build faster/ more cost effective broadband solutions-Provide the broadband access needed by local school systems and educational institutions to improve the qualiy of the workforceGetting Lucky:-Google Fiber actually moves forward and picks your community!
Historically communities developed along important waterways, then stage coach roads , riailroads and highways (and other infrastructure like mills and electicity). Why? Access to markets. Where is your nearest on-ramp to the world-market via the Internet ? How many lanes does it have and what is the speed limit? Successful communities and their businesses in the next years will be those that tap into this huge potential. Successful communities will be those that bring this essential infrastructure to their community.
In 2006, Wisconsin hospitals employed 112,780 people and accounted for $22 billion in economic activity.Hospitals are among the top 10 employers in 44 of the 72 counties in Wisconsin and among the top five employers in 20 counties
55% thought it would have a definite impact on business attraction, 21% an indirect impat40% thought it would have a definite impact on the competitiveness of local companies with an additional 30% saying it would have indirect impats. 42% & 29% thought it would impact a communities ability to retain local businesses.
How does a CAN, which connects public and civic anchor institutions, create jobs, income, and wealth?
Economic Development Strategies*:• Increasing the flow of Dollars into the community• Increasing the recirculation of dollars in the community• Increasing the amount of resources available• Using existing resources differently• Changing the rules• Acting Smarter• Getting Lucky*The Shaffer Approach from: Community Economics: Linking Theory and Practice, RonShaffer, Steve Deller, Dave Marcouiller
Many Community Anchor Institutions are Major Employers in our Communities In 2006, Wisconsin hospitals employed 112,780 people and accounted for $22 billion in economic activity.
Eau Claire CountyRank Employer Name1 MENARDS2 LUTHER HOSPITAL3 EAU CLAIRE AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT4 UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN- EAU CLAIRE5 MIDELFORT CLINIC LTD MAYO HEALTH6 SACRED HEART HOSPITAL7 PRIME CARE HEALTH PLAN8 HUTCHINSON TECHNOLOGY INC9 CITY OF EAU CLAIRE10 COUNTY OF EAU CLAIRE
Chippewa CountyRank Employer Name1 TTM ADVANCED CIRCUITS INC2 CHIPPEWA FALLS PUBLIC SCHOOL3 SAINT JOSEPHS HOSPITAL4 DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS5 MASON COMPANIES INC6 WAL-MART7 COUNTY OF CHIPPEWA8 MAYO HEALTH SYSTEM9 SILICON GRAPHICS INTERNATIONAL CORP COOP EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AGENCY10 #10
Douglas CountyRank Employer Name1 SCHOOL DISTRICT OF SUPERIOR2 UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN- SUPERIOR3 HALVOR LINES INC4 2010 CENSUS INTERMITTENT WORKERS5 WAL-MART6 CITY OF SUPERIOR7 COUNTY OF DOUGLAS8 ST MARYS DULUTH CLINIC9 ENBRIDGE EMPLOYEE SERVICES INC10 CUSTOMER LINK
Marathon CountyRank Employer Name1 ASPIRUS WAUSAU HOSPITAL, INC.2 GREENHECK FAN CORP3 WAUSAU SCHOOL DISTRICT4 KOLBE & KOLBE MILLWORK CO INC5 FOOT LOCKER CORPORATE SERVICES INC6 PRIME CARE HEALTH PLAN7 MARATHON CHEESE8 WAUSAU PAPER MILLS LLC9 COUNTY OF MARATHON10 LIBERTY MUTUAL GROUP INC
Grant CountyRank Employer Name1 UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN- PLATTEVILL2 COUNTY OF GRANT3 SOUTHWEST HEALTH CENTER INC4 MILPRINT INC5 WAL-MART6 NU-PAK INC SOUTHWEST WISC VOCATIONAL7 TECHNICAL8 WI SECURE PROGRAMS FACILITY9 PLATTEVILLE PUBLIC SCHOOL10 SCHOOL DISTRICT OF BOSCOBEL AREA
Menominee CountyRank Employer Name1 MENOMINEE INDIAN TRIBE2 MENOMINEE CASINO-BINGO-HOTEL3 MENOMINEE INDIAN SCHOOL DISTRICT4 MENOMINEE TRIBAL ENTERPRISES5 COLLEGE OF THE MENOMINEE NATION6 COUNTY OF MENOMINEE TOWN OF MENOMINEE- MENOMINEE7 COUNTY8 THE WAR BONNET BAR & GRILL9 KENAH MECEM INC10 LEGEND LAKE PROTECTION & REHABILITA
Decline in Government Employment Source: BEA REIS 2006 Table CA25 and CA25N
Creating Government EfficienciesThe Wisconsin Local Government Institute, in a report titled, ARoad Map for Government Transformation, identified sixfactors that clearly contribute to the success of efforts totransform the delivery of public services (Sound like a CAN?) :* Trust between leaders* Shared perception of need* Clear fiscal benefit* Improved service quality* Collaborative leadership* Community support http://www.localgovinstitute.org/?q=node/92
Does Government create jobs? Does Government Influence Economic Development/Business Climate?
Increasing Public Investments in Economic Development• In 2006, a Wisconsin Legislative Audit Bureau report documented that the state was spending $153 million on economic development programs• From my analysis of local government expenditures, in 2003-2004 Counties were spending an additional $701 million on economic development activities
Government Builds PublicInfrastructure That Directly Impacts Private Sector Employment
“Clark County AgentWallace Landry readingnewsclips announcing theformation of one ofWisconsin’s first ruralelectrical cooperatives in1935. Extension farmagents took the lead inorganizing the cooperativesthat brought electricalpower to the countryside”
These infrastructure InvestmentsImpact Location Decisions for Both Employers and Workers
Partnerships with Local Last-Mile Providers• CCI Systems• Open Access Network Policy• Job Creation as a result of the $45 million in spending: 498 jobs
The Economic Impact of Digital Exclusion http://www.digitalimpactgroup.org/cost ofexclusion.pdf
A Conservative Low-End Annual Estimate of the Current Costs of Digital Exclusion –Health Care
A Conservative Low-End Annual Estimate of the Current Costs of Digital Exclusion – Economic Opportunity
IEDC: Broadband’s Impact on Economic Development http://successful.com/msp/snapshot- 09-10.pdf September 2010: 301 economic development professionals responded to survey
“Big Broadband” Needed“Over 90% of those surveyed found government-recommended goals of 4 Mbps for rural areas inadequate for impacting economic development outcomes. Over 55% believe speeds of 100 Mbps (the FCC’s goal for 100 million mostly urban and suburban households) or more are needed, but within three years, not 10 as some Federal agencies support”
How has fiber broadband impacted (or how would you expect it to impact) economic development in your community?
In what way do you see broadband helping individuals the most economically?
Can a broadband network encourage individual entrepreneurship among underserved constituents (low income, elderly, rural)?
Can broadband be used to harness home-based businesses into an economic development force within your area?
If one doesn’t exist, are there plans to start building a city/area wide community fiber network?
Recommendation 7: Deploy astatewide “shovel-ready” sitesprogram with expeditedpermitting procedures.While the "shovel-ready"concept applies mainly tomanufacturers, encouragingwidespread broadbanddevelopment throughout thestate will promote a similar“infrastructure-ready”environment to supportadditional knowledge-basedindustries.
Contact Information: Andy Lewis Community & Economic Development Manager Office of Broadband Sustainability, University of Wisconsin Extension Madison Depot 644 West Washington Avenue Room 328 Madison, WI 53703 Phone: (608) 890-4354 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.uwex.edu/broadband For a copy of today’s presentation, go to: http://www.uwex.edu/ces/cced/andylewis.cfm