Introduce me and the BCCB project.Pass around sign-up sheetHand out surveys
DesktopsLaptopsare battery or AC-powered personal computers that are moreportable than desktop computers, allowing you to use them almostA laptop computer is sometimes called a notebook computerbecause of its size.Servers—connect many computerOther computer devices -- tabets (ipads), televisions, cell phones, game stations (wii, x-box), automobiles
Computer activities:email, online shopping, etc.Day to day activities: Is it a computer that controls the stoplights so you can drive to work?Did you go to the grocery store? Was your food scanned into a computer system?
Hardware is any part of your computer that has a physical structure, such as the computer monitor or keyboard, speakers.Software: is the set of instructions that tells the hardware what to do. Examples of software include word processing programs like MS Word, Web Browsers, and games.
A computer is a programmable electronic device that can input, process, output and store data. It takes data and converts it to information. Lookingat the computer in front of you, what do you think are input devices? How about Output?Input: Keyboard, scanner, microphone, pointing device (mouse, touchpad, touch screen, track ball, webcam, video or digital camera…Output: Monitor, printer, speakersProcess: CPU, Hard disk/
Hardware Devices: Input, Output, Storage, and Processing.
Operating System:An operating system is the most important software that runs on a computer. It manages the computer's memory, processes, and all of its software and hardware. It also allows you to communicate with the computer without knowing how to speak the computer's "language." Without an operating system, a computer is useless.Programs:Also referred to sometimes as applicationsCommon programs include: Word processing: Microsoft Word, Libra, Open Office, Google Docs Presentation: PowerPoint, Business Tools/Spreadsheets: Excel Internet Connections or Web Browsers: Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari,
Windows DesktopSoftware guides the hardware and tells it how to accomplish each taskChallenge: Look at your computer monitor. What you see is your desktop. Do you see any software programs?Task Bar: almost always visible. It has three main sections:The Start button:opens the Start menu. See The Start menu (overview).The middle section: shows you which programs and files you have open and allows you to quickly switch between them.Notification area: includes a clock and icons (small pictures) that communicate the status of certain programs and computer settings.
Two input devices we will use today are the Mouse and the Keyboard.
Microsoft Help and Support: Using your MouseThe mouse is a peripheral that is known as a pointing device. It lets you point to objects on the screen, click on them, and move them. Controls the motion of the cursorThere are two main types of mice: optical and mechanical. The optical mouse uses an electronic eye to detect movement and is easier to cleanLeft Mouse Button: Select items;Right Mouse Click: Perform actions---the actions/menu is different depending on where you are clickingScroll Wheel: Scroll through text or windows in a document, webpage, etc. Common Terms:Point and clickDrag and drop
Windows Help and Support: KeyboardControl, shift, function—used with other keys. Typically you hold down Ctrl, Alt or shift and then type another key to do a specific task. Ctrl S will save a file. Ctrl can be used with other keys for shortcuts.Escape: Stop an actionPrint Screen, Lock or Pause: Print screen takes a snapshot of the screen. Others aren’t used much anymore.Numeric KeyPad: Used like a calculator.Function Keys: Shortcuts, brightness/darkness, etc.Alphanumeric and Number Keys: Similar to a typewriter keyboard.Enter: Is like a return key on a typewriter. It’s main function is to carry out commands or enter a website.Arrow Keys are used to move the cursor, scroll a document or control a game.Cursor Control Keys: Delete, Insert, Home/End, Page Up:Tab: Switch cells,
The last thing I want to briefly mention today is data storage. We will talk more about storage and files in two weeks, but just to be aware: Always end with an “extension” such as .pdf, .doc., .ppt, .jpg, .tiff
If additional time, log on to gcflearnfree.org and read/practice the lessons. Next week we will cover the desktop and windows operating system.
You can use the navigation pane (the left pane) to find files and folders. You can also move or copy items directly to a destination in the navigation pane
Computer Basics 2012 Chippewa Valley
Turn on Your Computer Press the power button on your computer. The power button looks like the image below.10/17/2012
Computer Basics Getting Started with Technology in the Digital Divide10/17/2012
Schedule: Computer Basics • August 27th: Basic Computer Skills • September 24th: Basic Internet • October 1st: Word Processing Nuts and Bolts • October 8th: Setting Up and Using an Email (Gmail) Account • October 15th: LinkedIn10/17/2012
Lesson 1: Basic Computer Concepts Objectives • Define the benefits of a computer and identify the four basic functions • Identify the different types of computers • Identify types of software and their uses • Describe hardware devices and practice using the mouse and keyboard10/17/2012
Types of Computers Desktop Laptop Servers Tablets Mobile Devices Television10/17/2012
Challenge • Think about the activities you perform or want to perform using a computer. What do you need to learn to do that? • Think about all the computers that are necessary for you to complete your day-to- day activities.10/17/2012
Two Basic Parts of a Computer Hardware Software10/17/2012
Four Basic Computer Functions • Input: the computer gathers data or allows the user to add data. • Process: Data is converted to information • Output: The processed results are retrieved from the computer • Storage: Data or information is stored for future use10/17/2012
Mouse Scroll WheelRight Mouse Button Left Mouse Button10/17/2012
Mouse Exercises Using Your Mouse Start MenuHelp and SupportMouse (in search box) Placing, Clicking, Dragging/Dropping, Drawing http://www.seniornet.org/howto/mouseexercises/ mousepractice.html Games http://www.pbclibrary.org/mousing/games.htm10/17/2012
Keyboard Escape Key Print ScreenControl, Shift, Function Image Courtesy of gcflearnfree.org10/17/2012
Keyboard Exercises • Keyboard Games: http://adamfrost.net/elearningMaterials/keyb oardSkills1/keyboardSkills1.html • Learning the Keyboard • http://www.gcflearnfree.org/computerbasics – Click on Interactives – Click “Play” on Parts of a Keyboard10/17/2012
Data Storage • Data is any piece of information. • Data is stored in your computer as a file with a specific name. – MouseExercises.doc (Word Document) – song.mp3 – photo.jpg – Presentation.ppt – Document.pdf (read only) • For example: – A picture taken with your digital camera is data. – All the files you create are data.10/17/2012
Parts of A Desktop Computer • http://www.gcflearnfree.org/computerbasics/ 5.410/17/2012
Lesson 2: The Desktop and Windows Operating System Objectives • Learn the basic desktop components and desktop terminology • Launch the “Start” menu and use its features to launch programs, create shortcuts, search, and access, and shut down your computer • Use the Help and Support feature to learn about your computer • Learn about Files and File Structure10/17/2012
Challenge 1. Look at your desktop. Can you find: a. My Computer b. Shortcut Icons c. Recycle Bin d. Start Menu e. Notification Area f. Folder(s) 2. Open My Computer (double-click with the left mouse button)10/17/2012
My Computer Window Close Window Title Bar Maximize Minimize Address BarNavigation Arrows Menu BarWindow Pane (Left) Status Bar10/17/2012
Challenge 1. Double Click on OS icon in my computer. 2. Observe all the files, folders, applications, etc. in your hard drive. 3. Minimize, maximize and then close the window.10/17/2012
Start Menu Programs and Accessories (Common Activities) Search Box10/17/2012
Challenge 1. Open the Start Menu 2. Click on “Help and Support” in the right window pane. 3. Type “start menu” in the search box. 4. Select 2. The Start Menu Overview and read the features of the Start menu. 5. Close (X) Windows Help and Support.10/17/2012
1. Open Paint Challenge (Start / All Programs / Accessories / Paint) 2. Show 3 buttons in upper right (Minimize, Maximize, Exit) 3. Restore down window to partial rather than full screen (Upper right, middle button) 4. Click on Title Bar and drag to move window 5. Resize Paint window using double-headed arrows 6. Open Solitaire (Start / All Programs / Games / Solitaire) 7. Notice both programs in Task Bar at bottom of screen; Practice minimizing and restoring windows 8. Drag Solitaire window partially over Paint window; Show how clicking on window brings it to front (“the active window”) 9. Practice Mouse skills with either Paint or Solitaire 10. Exit all programs a. File / Exit b. Exit button (upper right corner)10/17/2012