Economy- Subsistence agriculture, exports of coffee and tea
French, Kinyarwanda, Swahili
History of the Conflict Since 15 th century the Tutsi’s have been in the rulers. Hutu’s were the majority group however still Tutsi held the higher position Tutsi’s were the minority group , they were rich and powerful
Tutsis were given identity cards from Belgians to segregate the Hutu’s from the Tutsis.
Tutsis were given special privileges in comparison to the Hutu’s.
Tutsi are thought to be tall with thin lips and nose.
Hutu are thought to be shorter and broader, with thin lips and flat nose
In 1959, the Hutu’s formed the Parmehutu to start a revolution. In the first day of the revolution over 20,000 Tutsi’s were killed . More than 200,000 Tutsis fled the country and accumulated the forces of the Tutsis from neighboring countries to form the Republic Patriotic Front (RPF). In 1961, the Belgians left the country, and the people of Rwanda gained Independence. Social Revolution
The Rwandan Civil War President Habyarimana In 1971, Habyarimana, a hutu overthrew the Tutsi President to start a 20 year dictatorship. The president Habyarimana was being opposed by the Republic Patriotic Front (RPF) Several peace treaties were signed between the two none worked out. Habyarimana did not want to give any political powers to the Tutsis
The Interahamwe - "those who stand/work/fight/attack together"
The Impuzamugambi - "Those who have a single goal"
In 1994, on a trip to Kigali, the Rwandan President Habyarimana and the President of Burundi was shot down with a rocket. The plane crashed and both presidents died a gruesome death. This sparked off the Genocide.
Current number of Malay students going into Local Universities is low compared to the two other main communities Chinese & Indians.
In Rwanda there were more educated Tutsi than the Hutus.
This trend is in relation to the Herders & Croppers situation.
Prejudice may develop!!
Prejudice Leading to Discrimination
Gender & Treatment of Women Singapore gives equal rights to Women citizens in comparison the Male citizens however statistics shows otherwise. For example in the parliament the number of women candidates are stunningly scarce compared to the male candidates. In 2008, 44 seats out of 80 seats is currently filled up by Women. This shows us the amount of rights the women has in the Rwanda Government. Discrimination May Exist against women after all!!
It is important for the people in power to realise the needs of each community. They leaders must be willing to make changes. Changes that are made now will affect the future to betterment of others or the worse. Revolution does not take place over night, it takes time.