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WISP A2 Liberators
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WISP A2 Liberators


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  • 1. W orld I ssues @ Glance A S ingapore P erspective Prepared by: Team: The Liberators Lee Jun Long Koh Zhi Wei Rodney Vivek Menon Jeganeson S/O Jayagopalan Class: T21
  • 2.
    • Population-10.5million
    • Capital-Kigali
    • Economy- Subsistence agriculture, exports of coffee and tea
    • Languages- English,
    • French, Kinyarwanda, Swahili
    Country Profile
  • 3. History of the Conflict Since 15 th century the Tutsi’s have been in the rulers. Hutu’s were the majority group however still Tutsi held the higher position Tutsi’s were the minority group , they were rich and powerful
  • 4. Root of Social Segregation
    • Tutsis were given identity cards from Belgians to segregate the Hutu’s from the Tutsis.
    • Tutsis were given special privileges in comparison to the Hutu’s.
    • Tutsi are thought to be tall with thin lips and nose.
    • Hutu are thought to be shorter and broader, with thin lips and flat nose
    Identity Cards
  • 5. In 1959, the Hutu’s formed the Parmehutu to start a revolution. In the first day of the revolution over 20,000 Tutsi’s were killed . More than 200,000 Tutsis fled the country and accumulated the forces of the Tutsis from neighboring countries to form the Republic Patriotic Front (RPF). In 1961, the Belgians left the country, and the people of Rwanda gained Independence. Social Revolution
  • 6. The Rwandan Civil War President Habyarimana In 1971, Habyarimana, a hutu overthrew the Tutsi President to start a 20 year dictatorship. The president Habyarimana was being opposed by the Republic Patriotic Front (RPF) Several peace treaties were signed between the two none worked out. Habyarimana did not want to give any political powers to the Tutsis
  • 7.
    • The two militia who started the Genocide were
    • The Interahamwe - "those who stand/work/fight/attack together"
    • The Impuzamugambi - "Those who have a single goal"
    • In 1994, on a trip to Kigali, the Rwandan President Habyarimana and the President of Burundi was shot down with a rocket. The plane crashed and both presidents died a gruesome death. This sparked off the Genocide.
    What caused the Genocide to take place?
  • 8.
    • If you don’t kill, be killed!!
    • Hutu civilians were commanded by the Hutu Militants to kill the Tutsis.
    • The Tutsis hid in Churches, Schools and Hospitals but were found and brutally massacred.
    • On an estimate, about 1 million Tutsis were killed in the Genocide.
    The Genocide
  • 9.
    • Social inequality
    • Re-segregation of the community
    • Less job opportunities
    • Prejudices leading to discrimination
    • - Hutu had broad noses while the Tutsis has sharp noses.
    • Gender and the Treatment of women
    • Women did have 49% rights in the government when Tutsis were in power and this is something the Hutus didn’t like.
    • The Interahamwe militia was often caught mistreating the Tutsi women.
    • Other important social, economic and political factors
    • - After the treaty of Versailles 1918, Belgians has not done a good job till 1961. They fail to recognize the needs of the Hutu’s and racially profiled the Hutu people causing them to rebel.
    What do we have so far…??
  • 10.
    • Singapore’s Racial Harmony is challenged by several religions. Political power of one ruling party eminent since the year - 1955
    • Rwanda’s discrimination was because of giving one race more power than the other.
    • Protests over Hindu Temple in Malaysia.
    • Racism that may spark a riot in Singapore between the Malays & the Indians.
    • Tutsi’s rule in the country for decades left to this revolution.
    • External Factors affecting Internal Harmony.
    Comparing Rwanda to Singapore - Social Inequality
  • 11.
    • Current number of Malay students going into Local Universities is low compared to the two other main communities Chinese & Indians.
    • In Rwanda there were more educated Tutsi than the Hutus.
    • This trend is in relation to the Herders & Croppers situation.
    • Prejudice may develop!!
    Prejudice Leading to Discrimination
  • 12. Gender & Treatment of Women Singapore gives equal rights to Women citizens in comparison the Male citizens however statistics shows otherwise. For example in the parliament the number of women candidates are stunningly scarce compared to the male candidates. In 2008, 44 seats out of 80 seats is currently filled up by Women. This shows us the amount of rights the women has in the Rwanda Government. Discrimination May Exist against women after all!!
  • 13.
    • LBR
    • - 1970’s Birth Control Measures
    • Backfired (Fertility Rate = 1.28 in 2008)
    • The Need to bring in more foreigners
    • Migrants bring in their own individual mindset. Migrants challenging the Job Opportunity.
    • When Tutsis came from the neighboring country of Burundi, the Hutus faced a serious problem of competition and increasing amount of inequality.
    • Prejudice & Discrimination may arise between the Singaporeans and the Foreigners. This is similar to Rwanda situation when the Belgium was in power.
    Influx of Migrants
  • 14.
    • Current Situation in Singapore
    • Low birth rate - Increasing
    • Aging Population - Increasing
    • High Standard of Living - Increasing
    • Social problems – Multi-racial society
    • Political problems – One Party Leadership
    • Economic Problems – Recession
  • 15.
    • Possible Situation in 2050
    • Low Birth Rate Continues (0.89)
    • Aging Population is far worse
    • Standard of Living is higher
    • Social Problems arise between the Foreigner(s) & Foreign Brides & the Singaporeans
    • (discrimination against the Foreigners)
    • Political Problems
    • (current one party being led by less significant leaders, party over thrown, new regime causing political unrest)
    • Economic problems
    • Unemployment Rate because much worse. The West Slump while Asia recovers, Singapore too dependant on the West.
    • Malaysia has stopped supplying water to Singapore and Singapore will have to look for alternative solutions.
    Analysis - The Likely Future 2061 if left unchecked
  • 16.
    • Social Inequality
    • - Promote Racial Harmony
    • - Educate the Students the mindsets of Foreigners
    • Prejudice Leading to Discrimination
    • - Teach students to treat everyone equally regardless of race, religion & language
    • Gender & Treatment of Women
    • - Encourage more women to take up leadership skills
    • Influx of Migrants
    • - Encourage Singaporeans to have more children
    • - Teach foreigners the customs of Singaporeans
    Solving our Problems Now
  • 17.
    • Uneducated Singaporeans / Foreigners
    • Stereotypes
    • Correcting the wrong perceptions
    • Prevents any idealists from developing
    • Ensure that implemented measures does not create any disharmony among the civilians
    • Media Propaganda
    Challenges faced when proposing measures
  • 18.
    • It is important for the people in power to realise the needs of each community. They leaders must be willing to make changes. Changes that are made now will affect the future to betterment of others or the worse. Revolution does not take place over night, it takes time.
    Our Conclusion Thankiew For Listening. =)