Unesco paris-2011


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Presentation on Freedom of Expression, given to the 'International Symposium on Freedom of Expression', UNESCO, Paris 26 January 2011.

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Unesco paris-2011

  1. 1. Freedom of Connection – Freedom of Expression:<br />The Changing Legal and Regulatory Ecology Shaping the Internet<br />William H. Dutton, Anna Dopatka, Michael Hills, Ginette Law,andVictoria Nash<br />Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford<br /> <br />Presentation for the International Symposium on Freedom of Expression, UNESCO, Paris, 26 January 2011. <br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Cascading Issues over Freedom of Expression<br />
  4. 4. The Internet Reconfigures Access in Ways that Can Empower Networked Individuals <br />
  5. 5. Ecology of Choices Shaping Free Expression<br />
  6. 6. Digital Rights<br />Access – Freedom of Connection<br />Freedom of Expression<br />Censorship<br />Equality (media literacy)<br />Freedom of Information<br />Privacy & Data Protection<br />
  7. 7. Worldwide Diffusion of the Internet<br />
  8. 8. Digital Rights<br />Meta-analysis of Internet filtering surveys:<br /><ul><li> Global growth of filtering
  9. 9. No single country
  10. 10. Variety of Objectives:
  11. 11. Political
  12. 12. Moral</li></li></ul><li>Industrial Policy and Regulation<br /><ul><li> IPR: Copyright
  13. 13. IPR: Patents
  14. 14. Competition Policy
  15. 15. Technology-led Industrial Strategies
  16. 16. ICT for Development</li></li></ul><li>Industrial Policy and Regulation<br />Copyright enforcement:<br /><ul><li> ‘Three Strikes’ policy in France
  17. 17. Digital Economy Act (UK)</li></ul>Countered by:<br /><ul><li> The Pirate Party
  18. 18. Brazilian Copyright Reform Bill</li></ul>Copyright Mot<br />
  19. 19. User-Centric Policy<br /><ul><li>Child Protection Policy
  20. 20. Decency: Pornography
  21. 21. Libel: Defamation
  22. 22. Prevention of Hate Speech
  23. 23. Consumer Protection: Fraud</li></ul>Copyright Mugley<br />
  24. 24. Internet Policy<br /><ul><li>Internet Governance and Regulation
  25. 25. Domain Names and Numbers
  26. 26. Net Neutrality
  27. 27. Licensing, Regulation of Service Providers: Intermediaries
  28. 28. Internationalised Top-level Domain Names</li></li></ul><li>Internet Policy:<br />Standard-setting: Identity<br />
  29. 29. Security<br /><ul><li>Secrecy, Confidentiality
  30. 30. Security against Malware
  31. 31. Counter-Radicalisation</li></ul>National Security<br />Blackberry Use<br />WikiLeaks: Confidentiality-Security<br />
  32. 32. Ecology of Choices Shaping Free Expression<br />
  33. 33. Encouraging Themes for Freedom of Expression<br /><ul><li> Internet Can Empowering Networked Individuals – Enhancing Freedom of Connection and Expression
  34. 34. Worldwide Diffusion and Expanding Access in More Languages & Scripts enabling Networked Individuals to Find, Share and Create Content
  35. 35. Major Issues of Human Rights are Increasingly Being Centered on the Internet and Web
  36. 36. The Internet Space is not the ‘Wild West’</li></li></ul><li>Countervailing Themes<br /><ul><li>Freedom of Expression is not an Inevitable Outcome of Technological Innovation
  37. 37. Continuing Global and Local Digital Divides in Access and the Production of Content
  38. 38. Global Increase in Content Filtering and Censorship
  39. 39. FreedomShapedby Choices in the Wider Ecology of Actors, Objectives and Policies
  40. 40. Lack Appropriate Models for Internet Governance and Regulation</li></li></ul><li>Directions for Policy<br />Reduce Digital Divides <br />Broaden Perspectives on Freedom of Expression – the Larger Legal and Regulatory Ecology<br />Renew and Inform Debates over:<br />Appropriate Regulatory Models for the Internet<br />Global and Local Approaches to Internet Governance<br />Ways to Inform the Public and Elected Officials about the Internet and Legal-Regulatory Issues<br />
  41. 41. Renew Research on Freedom of Expression<br />Monitor World Wide Internet Filtering in a more Systematic and Sustained Manner<br />Track an Expanded Range of Policies and Regulatory Issues in this Ecology<br />Critically Explore Relationships between Freedom of Expression and other Core Values and Rights<br />Study Impacts on the Ground, including Public Beliefs, Attitudes, and Behavior <br />Understand Assaults on Freedom of Expression as efforts to protect other Values and Interests<br />
  42. 42. William H. Dutton, Anna Dopatka, Michael Hills, Ginette Law,andVictoria Nash<br />Oxford Internet Institute, <br />University of Oxford<br />Opinionsexpressed in thisreportarethose of theauthors and do notnecessarilyreflecttheviews of UNESCO orits Division forFreedom of Expression, Democracy and Peace. <br /> <br />Presentation for the International Symposium on Freedom of Expression, UNESCO, Paris, 26 January 2011. <br />