The Internet and the Rise of a Fifth Estate

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Prepared for the 2012 China New Media Communication Association (CNMCA) Annual Conference, Macao SAR, China, 6-8 Dec 2012. …

Prepared for the 2012 China New Media Communication Association (CNMCA) Annual Conference, Macao SAR, China, 6-8 Dec 2012.

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  • 1. The Internet and the Rise of a Fifth Estate William H. Dutton Oxford Internet Institute University of OxfordPrepared for the 2012 China New Media Communication Association(CNMCA) Annual Conference, Macao SAR, China, 6-8 Dec 2012.
  • 2. Reconfiguring Access: Information, People, Services, Technology Informa(on   • How  you  get  informa(on   • What  you  know   People   • How  you  communicate   • Who  you  know   Services   • How  you  obtain  services   • From  whom,  from  where   • How  you  do  what  you  do   Technology   • What  know-­‐how  you   require  
  • 3. Politics and the Internet  Irrelevant, Ineffectual, Clicktvisim  Inherently Democratic, Autocratic  Social Shaped: Reinforcement Politics  Enhancing the Communicative Power of Networked Individuals, Enabling a Fifth Estate
  • 4. Research Foundations•  Oxford Internet Surveys of Britain: 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011 and World Internet Project (WIP)•  The Global Values Project: OII in collaboration with INSEAD, comScore, WEF, and ictQATAR•  The Performance of Distributed Problem-Solving Networks (DPSN) Porject (2007-8)•  The Oxford e-Social Science Project (OeSS), Economic and Social Research Council (2005-12)•  The Fifth Estate Project, supported by the OII, Oxford Internet Surveys (2003-2012), and June Klein, Electronic Boardroom™
  • 5. 5
  • 6. 6
  • 7. First  Port  of   Call  Collabora(ve   Network   Search  v  Sites  Organiza(ons   Empowering Networked Individuals Trust   Social  Cues   Centrality     Significance  
  • 8. Enabling  Networked  Individuals   Enhance   Source   Join  &  Create   Communica(ve  Informa(on   Networks   Power  
  • 9. Martha Payne, 9 yr old girlwrites blog for school projectin Scotland: ‘NeverSeconds’- Produced content: photos & reviews school lunch in 2012- Distributed on her blog: neverseconds.blogspot.com/- Censored by her institution (her primary school’s council)- 8,859,514 pages views- Fostered debate over the quality of school lunches nationwide and worldwide
  • 10. The Fifth Estate  Press since the 18th Century -the ‘Fourth Estate’  Internet in the 21st - enabling aFifth Estate−−Enabling people to source their own information,and network with other individuals in ways thatsupport distributed social accountability in businessand industry, government, politics, and the media.
  • 11. The Fourth Estate“[Edmund] Burke said there were Three Estates inParliament; but, in the Reporters’ Gallery yonder,there sat a Fourth Estate more prominent far thanthey all. It is not a figure of speech, or wittysaying; it is a literal fact – very momentous to usin these times.”Thomas Carlyle (1831), Heroes and Hero-Worship, at www.gutenberg.org.etext/1091
  • 12. Feudal Estates into the 21st CenturyEstates Feudal Modern Clergy Public Intellectuals Nobility Business, Industry and Economic Elites, including Internet Industrial Elites Commons Government and Politicians‘4th Estate’ Press Journalists and the Mass Media Mob Civil Society, Networked Individuals, Mobs
  • 13. Montesquieu’s Tripartite System into the 21st (US Separation of Powers)Estates Tripartite Modern US Parallel Courts Judiciary Monarch Executive Parliament Legislative‘4th Estate’ Press Journalists and the Mass Media Mob Civil Society, Networked Individuals, Mobs
  • 14. Networked Institutions v Networked Individuals  Networked Institutions, such as in e-Health  Networked Individuals:   going to the Internet for health and medical information   networking patients, e.g., UK Children With Diabetes Advocacy Group (500 Families)   networking physicians, e.g., Sermo
  • 15. Arenas: Networked Institutions Networked IndividualsNews Online journalism, BBC Netizens, Citizen Online, Live Micro-Blogging Journalists, Bloggers, Whistleblowers, Leaks, Churnalism.org, Hacking BlacklashDemocracy E-Democracy, E- Obama campaign, Aung Consultation, e-Voting San Suu Kyi, Arab Springs, Anti-Bribery WebsitesEducation Online Learning, Multimedia Backchannels, Informal Classrooms Learning, Rate My TeacherHealth and Medical NHS Direct, e-mailing Going to the Internet for safety alerts health information, Sermo
  • 16. Government   and   Regulatory   Business  &   Agencies   Industrial   Press   Elites   AMacks  on   Public  Intellectuals   the  FiNh   Mobs   Estate  
  • 17. The Politics of the Fifth Estate • Empirically  Anchored   Value   • Pluralis(c  Democra(c   Accountability   • Enemies  of  the  5th  Estate   Challenges   • Inappropriate  Models  Driving   Regula(on   • Networked  Individuals  v   New   Ins(tu(ons   Perspec(ve   • Cri(cal  Mass  v  Universal  Access  
  • 18. The Internet and the Rise of a Fifth Estate William H. Dutton Oxford Internet Institute University of OxfordPrepared for the 2012 China New Media Communication Association(CNMCA) Annual Conference, Macao SAR, China, 6-8 Dec 2012.