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Freedom unesco-2011
 

Freedom unesco-2011

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Presentation for book launch of 'Freedom of Connection - Freedom of Expression' (UNESCO 2011) at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris on 30 May 2011.

Presentation for book launch of 'Freedom of Connection - Freedom of Expression' (UNESCO 2011) at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris on 30 May 2011.

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    Freedom unesco-2011 Freedom unesco-2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Freedom of Connection – Freedom of Expression:
      The Changing Legal and Regulatory Ecology Shaping the Internet
      William H. Dutton, Anna Dopatka, Michael Hills, Ginette Law,andVictoria Nash
      Oxford Internet Institute (OII)
      University of Oxford
       
      Presentation for Launch Event, UNESCO, Fontenoy Building, Paris, 30 May 2011.
    • UNESCO Request to Critically Review Status of Research on Freedom of Expression:
      • Some Pioneering Studies
      • More Advocacy v Research
      • Politically Sensitive (e.g., the McBride Commission established in 1977)
      • Too Narrowly Focused, e.g., Internet Content Filtering
    • The Internet Reconfigures Access in Ways that Can Empower Networked Individuals
    • Ecology of Choices Shaping Free Expression
    • Digital Rights
      Access – Freedom of Connection
      Freedom of Expression
      Censorship
      Equality (media literacy)
      Freedom of Information
      Privacy & Data Protection
    • Technical Innovations:Worldwide Diffusion of Technologies of Connection
      Internet
      World Wide Web
      Mobile and Mobile Internet
    • Percentage of Internet Users Across Regions of the World
    • Regions as Percentage of the Worldwide Population of Users
    • The Global Internet Values Project*
      • Collaboration of OII, INSEAD, and comScore for the World Economic Forum (WEF)
      • Online Global Survey
      • Completed by 5,400 Adult Internet Users
      • Conducted from Oct-Nov 2010
      • 13 countries: Australia/New Zealand, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, India, Mexico, South Africa, Spain, the United States, and the United Kingdom
      *Dutta, S., Dutton, W. H. and Law, G. (2011), The New Internet World: A Global Perspective on Freedom of Expression, Privacy, Trust and Security Online. New York: The World Economic Forum, April. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1810005
    • Emerging Pattern of Findings Supporting Conception of a ‘New Internet World’
    • Four General Themes and Findings
      New online nations are becoming the dominant nations in the Internet world;
      Users are developing a global Internet culture: sharing similar concerns, values and attitudes toward expression, privacy, trust, and security;
      Newly adopting countries are as liberal, if not more so, in their attitudes, such as support for freedom of expression;
      Users in the newly adopting nations are more innovative in their patterns of use, e.g., social networking.
    • Technical Innovations:
      Technologies of Disconnection
      Meta-analysis of Internet filtering surveys:
      • Global growth of filtering
      • No single country
      • Variety of Objectives:
      • Political
      • Moral
      • Commercial
      BUT: Potential to Decentralize, e.g.,
      Home Hubs
    • Industrial Policy and Regulation
      • Technology-led Industrial Strategies, support economic growth
      • ICT for Development (ICT4D)
      • Competition Policy
      • IPR: Copyright
      • IPR: Patents
    • Industrial Policy and Regulation
      Copyright enforcement:
      • ‘Three Strikes’ policy in France
      • Digital Economy Act (UK)
      Countered by:
      • The Pirate Party
      • Brazilian Copyright Reform Bill
      Copyright Mot
    • User-Centric Policy
      • Child Protection Policy
      • Decency: Pornography
      • Libel: Defamation
      • Prevention of Hate Speech
      • Consumer Protection: Fraud
      Copyright Mugley
    • Internet Policy
      • Internet Governance and Regulation
      • Domain Names and Numbers
      • Net Neutrality
      • Licensing, Regulation of Service Providers: Intermediaries
      • Internationalised Top-level Domain Names
    • Internet Policy:
      Standard-setting: Identity
    • Security
      • Secrecy, Confidentiality
      • Security against Malware
      • Counter-Radicalisation
      National Security
      Blackberry Use
      WikiLeaks: Confidentiality-Security
    • Ecology of Choices Shaping Free Expression
    • Encouraging Themes for Freedom of Expression
      • Internet Empowering Networked Individuals – Enhancing Freedom of Connection and Expression
      • Worldwide Diffusion andSupport for Expressionin a New Internet World
      • Major Issues of Human Rights are Increasingly Being Centered on the Internet and Web
      • The Internet Space is not the ‘Wild West’ – much regulation exists
    • Countervailing Themes
      • Freedom of Expression is not an Inevitable Outcome of Technological Innovation
      • Continuing Global and Local Digital Divides in Access and the Production of Content
      • Global Increase in Content Filtering and Censorship
      • Freedom Shaped by Choices in the Wider Ecology of Actors, Objectives and Policies
      • Use of Inappropriate Models for Internet Governance and Regulation threatens to Foster ‘Over-Regulation’, e.g., fear or complacency of the ‘Old Internet World’
    • Directions for Policy
      Reduce Digital Divides
      Broaden Perspectives on Freedom of Expression – the Larger Legal and Regulatory Ecology
      − ways to democratize content control
      Renew and Inform Debates over:
      Appropriate Regulatory Models for the Internet
      Global and Local Approaches to Internet Governance
      Ways to Inform the Public and Elected Officials about the Internet and Legal-Regulatory Issues
    • Renew Research on Freedom of Expression
      More Systematic and Sustained Monitoring ofInnovations in, and Use of, Internet Filtering
      Need to Track an Expanded Range of Policies and Regulatory Issues in this Ecology
      Critically Explore Relationships between Freedom of Expression and other Core Values and Rights
      Study Impacts on the Ground, including Public Beliefs, Attitudes, and Behavior
      Understand Assaults on Freedom of Expression as efforts to protect other Values and Interests
    • Freedom of Connection – Freedom of Expression:
      The Changing Legal and Regulatory Ecology Shaping the Internet
      William H. Dutton, Anna Dopatka, Michael Hills, Ginette Law,andVictoria Nash
      Oxford Internet Institute (OII)
      University of Oxford
       
      Presentation for Launch Event, UNESCO, Fontenoy Building, Paris, 30 May 2011.