5th Estate for Tenth Anglo-Israel Colloquium, Jerusalem, 2013


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Presentation on the 5th Estate prepared for 'Ethics and Responsibility in an Interconnected World', for the 10th Anglo-Israel Colloquium, Jerusalem, 14-16 2013.

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5th Estate for Tenth Anglo-Israel Colloquium, Jerusalem, 2013

  1. 1. The Internet and the Fifth Estate Bill Dutton Balliol College & Oxford Internet Institute University of Oxford Prepared for the Tenth Anglo-Israel Colloquium, Mishkenot Sha’ananim, Jerusalem, 14-17 November 2013.
  2. 2. Role of the Internet: a New Conventional Wisdom
  3. 3. Reconfiguring Access: Information, People, Services, Technology
  4. 4. A New Organizational Form: Enabling Networked Individuals
  5. 5. Oxford Internet Surveys 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013 Cross-sectional Surveys versus Panels Multi-Stage Probability Sample England, Scotland & Wales Respondents: 14 years and older Face-to-face Interviews, High Response Rates Sponsorship for 2013 from the Nominet Trust, Ofcom, UK Research Councils, dot.rural • Component of World Internet Project (WIP) • • • • • • •
  6. 6. Empowering Networked Individuals
  7. 7. The Fifth Estate  Press since the 18th Century the ‘Fourth Estate’  Internet in the 21st - enabling a Fifth Estate −− Enabling a critical mass of individuals to source their own information, and network with other individuals in ways that support distributed social accountability in business and industry, government, politics, and the media.
  8. 8. The Fourth Estate “[Edmund] Burke said there were Three Estates in Parliament; but, in the Reporters’ Gallery yonder, there sat a Fourth Estate more prominent far than they all. It is not a figure of speech, or witty saying; it is a literal fact – very momentous to us in these times.” Thomas Carlyle (1831), Heroes and HeroWorship, at www.gutenberg.org.etext/1091
  9. 9. Feudal Estates into the 21st Century Estates Modern Clergy Public Intellectuals Nobility Business, Industry and Economic Elites, including Internet Industrial Elites Commons ‘4th Estate’ Feudal Government and Politicians Press Journalists and the Mass Media Mob Civil Society, Networked Individuals, Mobs
  10. 10. Montesquieu’s Tripartite System into the 21st (US Separation of Powers) Estates Modern US Parallel Courts Judiciary Monarch Executive Parliament ‘4th Estate’ Tripartite Legislative Press Journalists and the Mass Media Mob Civil Society, Networked Individuals, Mobs
  11. 11. Networked Institutions v Networked Individuals  Networked Institutions, such as in e-Health  Networked Individuals:  going to the Internet for health and medical information  networking patients, e.g., UK Children With Diabetes Advocacy Group (500 Families)  networking physicians, e.g., Sermo
  12. 12. Arenas: Networked Institutions Networked Individuals News Online journalism, BBC Online, Live Micro-Blogging Netizens, Citizen Journalists, Bloggers, Whistleblowers, Leaks, Churnalism.org, Hacking Blacklash Government Digital Democracy, EConsultation, e-Voting, Surveillance Obama campaign, Aung San Suu Kyi, Arab Springs, Anti-Bribery Websites, 38 Degrees Education Online Learning, Multimedia Backchannels, Informal Classrooms, MOOCs Learning, Rate My Teacher, Khan Academy Health and Medical NHS Direct, e-mailing safety Going to the Internet for alerts health information, networks of patients, physicians
  13. 13. Fifth Estate not a Substitute for Institutions
  14. 14. Fifth Estate Strategies
  15. 15. Martha Payne, 9 yr old girl writes blog for school project in Scotland: ‘NeverSeconds’ - Produced content: photos & reviews school lunch in 2012 - Distributed on her blog: neverseconds.blogspot.com/ - Censored by her institution (her primary school’s council) -8,859,514 pages views -Fostered debate over the quality of school lunches nationwide and worldwide
  16. 16. Fifth Estate Strategies
  17. 17. Sermo: a Collaborative Network Organisation
  18. 18. Fifth Estate Strategies
  19. 19. Pollution Monitoring Mobile Apps
  20. 20. Networked Individuals • Financial Times 5 March 2013 • Shandong Province, China • Online exposure of ground water contamination • Smartphone apps documenting smog and air pollution • China’s new anti-pollution measures
  21. 21. Fifth Estate Strategies
  22. 22. Enemies of the Fifth Estate
  23. 23. The Politics of Protecting the Fifth Estate
  24. 24. Research Foundations • Oxford Internet Surveys: 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013 and World Internet Project (WIP) • The Internet Values Project: OII in collaboration with INSEAD, comScore, WEF, and ictQATAR • The Performance of Distributed Problem-Solving Networks (DPSN) Project (2007-8) • The Oxford e-Social Science Project (OeSS), Economic and Social Research Council (2005-12) • The Fifth Estate Project, supported by the OII, Oxford Internet Surveys (2003-13), and June Klein, Electronic Boardroom™