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PAA Africa Programme Inception Workshop - Brazilian Ministry of Social Development presentation
 

PAA Africa Programme Inception Workshop - Brazilian Ministry of Social Development presentation

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Brazilian Policy on Food and Nutrition Security. Presentation made by MDS during workshop on PAA Africa Programme, organised by the government of Brazil (CGFome and Ministry of Social Development), ...

Brazilian Policy on Food and Nutrition Security. Presentation made by MDS during workshop on PAA Africa Programme, organised by the government of Brazil (CGFome and Ministry of Social Development), WFP Centre of Excellence and FAO Brazil, held from 2 to 6 July 2012 in Brasilia and Arapiraca, Brazil.

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    PAA Africa Programme Inception Workshop - Brazilian Ministry of Social Development presentation PAA Africa Programme Inception Workshop - Brazilian Ministry of Social Development presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Ministry of Social Development and Fight Against Hunger – MDSInter-Ministerial Chamber of Food and Nutrition Security - CAISAN National Secretariat of Food and Nutrition Security – SESAN “PAA África Programme Inception Seminar – Purchase from Africans for Africa” Brasília, july 2nd
    • Institutionalization of the policy area “food and nutrition security” in Brazil
    • Background and Legal Framework Debate that starts around 1930 but that moves forward from 2000 on. 2003: Implementation of the Zero Hunger Programme: strategy of coordination of policies of various ministries for the erradication of hungerLegal Framework The legal framework evolves from the second half of 2000: Organic Law institutes the National System of Food and Nutrition Security – SISAN Constitutional Ammendement introduces the right to food as a fundamental right Norms of the Federal Executive Power create CONSEA, the Interministerial Chamber, the Policy and the Plan of Food and Nutrition Security Laws and norms are being drafted in the subnational governments
    • “Food and nutrition security is the effectiveness of the right to regular and permanent access to a sufficient amount of quality food, without compromising the access to other basic needs, based on healthy practices which respect cultural diversity and are culturally, economically, environmentally and socially sustainable.” (Art. 3º of the Food and Nutritional Security Organic Law, September 15th, 2006)
    • Indicators - important results in this time frame
    • Total population and population living on less than US$ 1,25 (PPP) a day, 1990/2008 184.9 186.9 Total Extremamente pobres 180.6 182.8 176.0 178.3 171.0 173.5 164.1 156.1 158.2 151.9 154.0 145.4 147.6141.6 36.2 30.2 26.5 25.9 24.9 29 24.5 24.3 23.9 21.1 19.5 17.3 14.5 12.3 11.2 8.9 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
    • Reduction of child undernourishment according to population surveys in Brazil (children under 5 years old) Weight deficit according to age Height deficit according to age Déficit de peso para idade Déficit de estatura para idade 37.1% 15.9% 19.9% 5.6% 13.4% 4.2% 6.7% 1.8% 1975 1989 1996 2006 1975 1989 1996 2006Source: ENDEF/PNDS
    • Evolution of the Real Minimum Wage – 1988 to 2010 550 500 450 400 350 300R$ 250 200 150 100 50 0 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Note: Series in reais (R$) of March 2010, made by Ipea, deflating the minimum wage by the National Consumer Price Index (INPC) of IBGE. Source: Ipeadata.
    • Basic Food Baskets purchased with a minimum wageAs a result of Cestas Básicas Adquiridas com 1 salário mínimothe valuation ofthe Minimum 2,5Wage, there was 2,23 2,01a significative 2 1,91 1,93evolution of the 1,74 nº de cestas básicas 1,6purchase power 1,5 1,37 1,42 1,38 1,47expressed in 1,23 1,22 1,25 1,28 1,14basic food 1,02 1baskets whichmore than 0,5doubledbetween 1995and 2010. 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 jan/10 ano Note: annual averages of the basic food basket of São Paulo and Minimum Wage. Source: Dieese.
    • The Structure of SISAN• National Conference on Food and Nutrition Security (CNSAN)- Four-year conference that determines the political guidelines and national plan of food and nutritional security• National Council of Food and Nutrition Security (CONSEA)- Consultative stance bound to the Presidency- Defines guidelines and priorities. Composed by members of the government (1/3) and of the civil society (2/3)• Inter-ministerial Chamber of Food and Nutrition Security (CAISAN)- Composed by 19 Ministries, chaired by the Ministry of Social Development and Fight Against Hunger- Must design the National Policy and Plan of Food and Nutritional Security and coordinate its execution• Public Institutions and management stances of food and nutrition security within the federal, state, the Federal District and municipal levels.• Private Institutions –profit and non-profit
    • Promotion of universal access to adequate and Supply and structuring healthy food of sustainable systems Monitoring the based on agro- effectiveness of ecological production, extraction, the human right to processing and proper food distributionImplementation of International Actions permanent processes of food Guidelines focusing on food sovereignty, food and nutrition security and and nutrition education of PNSAN the human right to adequate food Actions aimed at Promotion of indigenous, quilomb access to the olas, and other sufficient amount traditional of quality water communities Strengthening food and nutrition actions at all levels related to health
    • PNSAN Government programs and actions: examples• Promotion of universal access to proper food – Bolsa Família Programme (SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY) – National School Feeding Programme – PNAE (EDUCATION MINISTRY) – Network of public infrastructure for food and nutrition (SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY) – Food Program for Workers – PAT (WORK MINISTRY) – Food supply for specific groups (SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY)
    • PNSAN Government programs and actions: examples• Supply and structuring of systems for food production, processing and distribution – Minimal prices and stockpiling (FOOD SUPPLY COMPANY) – National Program towards the Strengthening of Family Farming (PRONAF) (MINISTRY OF AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT) – Food Purchase Program (PAA) (BOTH AGRARIAN AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT MINISTRIES) – Agrarian Reform (MINISTRY OF AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT) – Program of Conservation and Handling of agro-biodiversity (MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT) – Program of Support to Fishermen and Farmers (MINISTRY OF FISHERIES)
    • Food Purchase Program (PAA)Created by the Art. 19 of the Law nº 10.696, from 02/07/2003The goal is to promote the strengthening of family agriculture andensure the regular access to a sufficient amount of quality food forthe population in situation of food insecurity.Enables the purchase of family production for donation to socialassistance entities which render services to people in situation of foodand nutrition insecurity and for the replacement of the strategicstorage of the Federal GovernmentAllows the purchase of food production from family farmers withoutpublic tender (the annual limit per farmer is R$ 4.500,00 – US$2,820.00)2003-2010: 150,000 farmers per year werereached in 2,300 municipalities
    • Bolsa Família ProgrammeProgramme of direct cash transfer with conditionalities which benefits familieswith per capita family income at the level of or lower than R$ 70,00 a month (US$35,00 aprox.); which can be higher when there are children or youth in thefamily.Condicionalities:•Health – to be updated with the vaccination cycle and follow the growth anddevelopment of children under 7 y.o. Pregnant women need to undertake pre-natal checkup.Education - all children and teenagers between 6 and 17 y.o. must be enrolled in schooland with a minimum school attendance rate Families directly receive the resources paid through a bank present in almost allmunicipalities in BrazilManagement is shared between the national and subnational governmentsSingle Registry – tool which allows the identification of the families
    • Bolsa Família Programme Evolution of the number of Amount paid by the Bolsa families enrolled in the Bolsa Família Programme Família Programme 2004 to 2010 2004 to 2010 16,000 14,372.7 12.4 12.8 12,454.7 14 14,000 11.0 11.0 12 10.6 10,522.1milhões R$ 12,000 8,755.6 8.7 10 milhões 10,000 7,591.4 6,385.7 8 6.6 8,000 5,621.2 6,000 6 4,000 4 2,000 2 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    • National School Feeding Programme - PNAE•Created in 1955 – it ensures through the transfer of financialresources, school feeding for students of basic education (pre-school, high school, secondary education and education foryouth and adults) enrolled in public and philantropic schools.•30% of the resources transferred to states andmunicipalities must be invested in the direct purchase ofproducts from small holder agriculture, which fosters theeconomic development of communities.2011: budget of 3,1 billion; 45,6 million students benefited
    • •Cisterns (water tanks)•Food and Nutrition Security for SISANtraditional communities•Enhancing production for self- •Food Purchase Program (PAA)consumption purposes •Distribution of food to specific groups•Productive inclusion of the populationunder food and nutrition insecurity PRODUCTION TRADING CONSUMPTION •Public facilities for Food and Nutrition • Equipments to Support Family Farming •Support to urban and periurban agriculture •Food and nutrition education
    • Brazil without Extreme Poverty Plan Income Guarantee Axis Increase ofPoverty map capabilities16.2 million and Productive opportunities Income Axis Access to Public Services Axis
    • Thank you! MINISTRY OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND FIGHT AGAINST HUNGER NATIONAL SECRETARIAT OF FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY www.mds.gov.br sesan@mds.gov.br Esplanada dos Ministérios Bloco C Sala 405 70.046-900 – Brasília/DF – Brasil 55 61 3433-1079/1119/1120