Introducing a national school feeding programme - The case of Mozambique


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Presentation on Mozambique's experiences in building National School Feeding Programme, made by H.E. Manuel Rego, Director of Cooperation and Planning, Ministry of Education, Mozambique, at the 2012 Global Child Nutrition Forum, Addis Ababa - Ethiopia. See more information at:

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Introducing a national school feeding programme - The case of Mozambique

  1. 1. MOZAMBIQUEIntroducing a national school feeding programme
  2. 2. General context • Population: 20,6 million (census 2007) • 52% of population 0-18 years old • 70% lives in rural areas, and 40% in two provinces (Nampula and Zambezia) • Agriculture dominated by smallholders • 56,9 in rural and 49,6% in urban areas below poverty line • Chronic food insecurity: 34% (see map areas most affected) • Malnourished children: 43% (0-5 years) • 15% children 6-12 suffer from iodine deficiencies
  3. 3. EducationProgresses Major challenges• Expansion of system (all • Retention and levels) conclusion primary education• Improved equity (gender • PCR: 50% (2011) and geographically) • Dropout rates increasing (14% grade 5)• More teachers and more • Diversification of learning teachers trained skills and opportunities,• Expenditure on responding to the challenges of the labor education more than market tripled (2005-2011)
  4. 4. Strategic Plan for Education 2012-2016Priorities for the coming years
  5. 5. Parental Cash- educationtransfers?
  6. 6. Development of School Feeding Program (historial overview) 1977-2008 2008-2011 2012-2016 GoM takes over boarding schools feeding program Initial School Transition to a sustainable and prepares for Feeding Program school feeding program for take over school feeding in primary schools 1977: WFP 2002: WFP 2009: GoMstarted 2010: and JAM takes over 2010: 2011: GoM 2011: GoM 2016:boarding Government started boarding Governme inserts SF designs new Governmentschool request primary school nt budgets program program: to implementfeeding technical school feeding for SF under retargeting, sustainable assistance to feeding program Education new food schoolfeeding develop FTI under Sector Plan basket, lower program for GoM strategy (PEE 2012-15) costs, local SF schoolfeeding and within the purchases etc 2008: WFP SF (Brazil and programm MOZ Social Evaluated WFP: trilateral e 2012-15: Main activities Protection -High implementation agreement) framework Pilot of SF Models in 12 schools cost JAM aligns and PRAP 2011: ABC/WFP (trilateral agreement) -Not well targeted school School Government & -Technical Assistant from WFP/ programme feeding with Feeding WFP agree on -Imported food basket Gov plans BR for development of a stakeholders the transition sustainable National School consultation action plan Main Feeding Strategy. recommendation: workshop -SF Programme in food insecure Remodeling program districts (Tete, Sofala & Manica) to allow Hand Over to Gov -Fielding technical staff from the WFP Centre of Excellency (South/South Cooperation)
  7. 7. Existing Partnerships
  8. 8. Existing Partnerships
  9. 9. Major challengesFinancial sustainability Local capacity
  10. 10. Key Elements Sustainable School Feeding Programme1. Targeting: Primary Schools of 4. Government leadership Priority districts • Intersectoral coordenation• High food insecurity • Strengthening government• Low performance of education capacity (central and local level) indicators 5. Budget2. Local procurement: Promote • State budget (internal and local agricultural development external) within boundaries of• Small farmers food commodity CFMP supplying school feeding • Local contributions• Economic and social development 6. Community participation3. Food basket • Implementation and monitoring• Locally produced and nutritionally • School committees: quality control appropriate and supervision• Milled and fortified locally
  11. 11. THANK YOU!